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UNIT 43: Wall Framing
Terms in this set (35)
_______________ partitions support the ends of the floor or ceiling joists. (Pg. 392)
_______________ partitions usually run in the same direction as the joists and carry little weight from the floor or the ceiling above. (Pg. 392)
Wood-framed walls consist of structural parts referred to as _______________ or _______________. (Pg. 392)
Components or Framing Members
Components or Framing members of a wood-framed wall include__________, __________, __________, __________, _________, __________, __________, and __________. (Pg. 392)
Studs, Plates, Headers, Trimmer studs, Sills, Cripple studs, Corner posts, Diagonal braces
_______________ are vertical framing members that run between the wall plates. (Pg. 393)
The plate at the bottom of a wall is the _______________, or _______________. (Pg. 393)
Bottom plate/sole plate
The plate at the top of the wall is the _______________. The top plate is typically doubled for additional stability. (Pg. 393)
_______________, also called _______________, are constructed wherever a wall ties into another wall. (Pg. 393)
Corner posts/corner assemblies
A _______________ must be framed in a wall wherever a door or window is planned. (Pg. 394)
The rough opening for a door is framed with a _______________, _______________, _______________, and, in some cases, _______________. (Pg. 394)
Header, trimmer stud, wall studs, cripple studs
A _______________ is supported by trimmer studs that fit between the bottom plate and bottom of the _______________.(Pg. 395)
The _______________ provides support for the finish window and frame that will later be placed in the wall. (Pg. 396)
_______________ is required in concealed spaces to cut off vertical and horizontal draft openings and to form a barrier between stories, and between the top story and attic or roof space. (Pg. 397)
_______________ quickly expands in volume when exposed to high temperatures and closes off voids left by burning or melting construction materials. (Pg. 398)
_______________ releases water vapors when exposed to high temperatures, slowing the spread of fire in the building. (Pg. 398)
_______________ shows the locations and determines the measurements on the floor plan. Framing members are clearly marked on the plates to frame the walls efficiently. (Pg. 399)
Horizontal plate layout
________________ is a procedure for calculating the lengths of vertical framing members, making it possible to precut the studs, trimmer studs, and cripple studs required for a building. (Pg. 404)
A _______________ is a 1x2 or 1x4 marked to indicate the lengths of studs, trimmer studs, and cripple studs.
-reduces the possibility of making mathematical errors and allows measurements to retained for future use. (Pg. 404)
_______________ are lightweight devices commonly use to raise walls when small carpentry crews are working on a job site.
Certain smaller framing operations, often referred to as _______________ or _______________, are performed after the walls have been raised.
Pick-up operations/back framing
_______________ is the panels fastened to the outside of exterior wall studs around the perimeter of a building.
Exterior wall sheathing
_______________ is commonly used as wall sheathing for residential and light-frame structures
Oriented strand board (OSB)
_______________ is wall panel sheathing that adds structural strength and insulation value to an exterior wall.
Structural insulated sheathing
_______________ are attached to the wall sheathing to help prevent air and water infiltration into the building.
_______________ is a common weather barrier used over panel sheathing.
A _______________ is a moisture-management system that incorporates a vented or porous exterior finish, an air cavity, a drainage plane, and an airtight interior support wall.
A _______________ consists of two outer structural panels (skins) with a thick inner foam core
Structural insulated panel
The foam core is usually _______________ or _______________, although other foam products such as extruded polystyrene and polyurethane are also used.
Expanded polystyrene (EPS) / polyisocyanurate rigid foam
_______________ are panel-sheathed walls designed to withstand severe seismic activity or high wind loads.
_______________ and _______________ is the lateral pressure against a wall.
Shear load/uplift resistance
Two major contributing factors of shear load are _______________, such as _______________ and _______________
Winds generated in hurricanes and seismic forces
_______________ are used in areas where the most extreme uplift due to seismic conditions or high winds is anticipated.
Anchor tie down systems
_______________ is an engineered framing system that reduces material costs and construction waste and allows for increased insulation use.
_______________, also known as _______________, is a key element in the advanced framing method. _______________ is a method of construction where roof trusses, wall studs, and floor joists are constructed in a vertical line so that the load transfers directly to the structural member below it.
Stack Framing (in line framing)
_______________ is the interruption of insulation by a framing member that has higher thermal conductivity than the insulation.
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