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Life Science Test 6 Study Guide
What is the system that the heart and lungs make up called?
Carries needed substances, carries waste products away from cells, contains cells that fight diseases
Name the three functions of the cardiovascular system.
The largest artery that has blood leave the heard; carries oxygen rich blood.
Upper Vena Cava
Returns oxygen poor blood to the upper part of the body to the right atrium.
Receives oxygen poor blood from the rest of the body.
Cause the blood to flow in only one direction.
Second of the four chambers; pumps oxygen poor blood to the lungs.
Lower Vena Cava
Returns oxygen poor blood from the lower part of the body to the right atrium.
The only artery in the body that carries oxygen poor blood; takes to the lungs.
The only vein which carries oxygen rich blood; takes to left atrium.
Having to do with the lungs.
Receives oxygen rich blood from the lungs.
Another one of these is under the left atrium.
Pumps oxygen rich blood to all parts of the body.
Muscular wall in the middle of the heart; helps pump blood.
This loop goes to the lungs and back.
This loop goes to the body and back.
Always carry blood away from the heart; almost all ________ carry oxygen rich blood, except for the pulmonary _________.
All ____ carry blood towards the heart. Almost all ____ carry oxygen poor blood, except the pulmonary ____.
Microscopic blood vessels where exchanges take place; brings glucose, oxygen, and takes away carbon dioxide.
How many types of blood vessels are there?
There are three types of these.
A part of the heart that sends an electrical current to the heart to keep it going at a steady pace.
Carries blood to the heart itself.
The expanding and contracting of the arterial wall, with every beat of the heart.
How many layers do arteries have?
The center layer of an artery.
The layer between the center and the outer layers of an artery.
The outermost layer of an artery.
Have the same layers as arteries, but the muscle layer is much thinner.
Keep the blood from flowing backwards.
A measure of the amount of force that the flowing blood against the artery wall.
Measures force of the blood during a heart contraction.
Measures the force of the blood in between heartbeats.
The liquid part of the blood; is very bright yellow.
Red Blood Cell
Job is to carry oxygen throughout your body. They have no nuclei and cannot go through mitosis or reproduce. They only live about 4 months and are very busy.
How long does it take for a red blood cell to do a round trip from the heart and back?
An iron-containing protein; what red blood cells are mostly made of.
White Blood Cell
Job is to fight disease. They are much larger than red blood cells.
Clot your blood so you don't bleed to death.
The material that makes up a scab after you get cut.
A, B, AB, and O
What are the four major blood types?
Spots on blood cells that show what type of blood the cell contains.
Type A Protein Markers
What kind of protein markers do people with type A blood have?
Type B Protein Markers
What kind of protein markers do people with type B blood have?
Types A and B Protein Markers
What kind of protein markers do people with type AB blood have?
What kind of protein markers do people with type O blood have?
The foreign blood will be attacked and form blood clumps
What happens if the wrong kind of blood is given to you?
What are people with type O blood called, because they can give to any blood type?
What are people with type AB blood called, because they can receive blood from any other type?
A and AB
What blood types can type A give to?
A and O
What blood types can type A receive from?
B and AB
What blood types can type B give to?
B and O
What blood types can type B receive from?
What blood types can type AB give to?
A, B, AB, and O
What blood types can type AB receive from?
A, B, AB, and O
What blood types can type O give to?
What blood types can type O receive from?
A set of 18 different protein markers.
Being ___ means you have 1, some, or all 18 types of protein markers.
What is the Rh Factor named after?
This system contains lymph vessels and lymph nodes.
Washes over our cells
What does blood do when it leaks out of the capillaries?
Where do lymph vessels lead to?
These lead to lymph nodes.
The build up of cholesterol in the heart.
Having high blood pressure.
What does the heart do in between beats?
When red blood cells can't get through because there are too many white blood cells in the way.
When bruises are dangerous to have.