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AP World History
Terms in this set (26)
The earliest, most widepread prominent culture in North America; named from the Clovis point, a particular kind of projectile point
The native Australian Aborigines' belief about how they came to be and what reality meant
"gathering and hunting peoples"
Peoples who greatly depend on gathering food rather than producing it in order to live. These people would hunt, but their diets mainly consisted of vegetative life.
According to one theory, a dominant deity of the Paleolithic era: "mother goddess,"
Any number of cold periods in the earth's history; the last Ice Age was at its peak around 20,000 years ago
Dying out of a number of large animal species, including the mammoth and several species of horses and camels. This occurred around 11,000-10,000 years ago during the end of the Ice Age.
Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, a European variant of homo sapiens that died out roughly 25,000 years ago
the original affluent society
Term coined by the scholar Marshall Sahlins in 1972 to describe Paleolithic societies which he had regarded as affluent not because they had so much but because they wanted or needed so little
Literally "old stone age"; the term used to describe early Homo sapiens societies in the period before the development of agriculture
Paleolithic "settling down"
The process by which some Paleolithic peoples moved toward permanent settlement in the wake of the last Ice Age; Settlement was marked by increasing storage of food and accumulation of goods as well as growing inequalities in society
In early societies, a person believed to have the ability to act as a bridge between living humans and supernatural forces, often by means of trances induced by psychoactive drugs
In San culture, a nightlong ritual held to activate a human being's inner spiritual potency (n/um) to counteract the evil influences of gods and ancestors. The practice was apparently common to the Khoisan people of whom the Ju/hoansi are surviving remnant
Paleolithic carvings of the female form often with exaggerated breasts, buttocks, hips, and stomachs, which may have had religious significance
Region sometimes known as Southwest Asia that includes the modern states of Iraq, Syria, Israel/Palestine, and Southern Turkey; the earliest home of agriculture.
An ancestor of corn that humans domesticated. One of the most important crops to human development, economy, and trade.
Possibly the worlds first temple, created around 12,000 years ago in the Anatolia region of Turkey
cultural groups in which authority is shared by lineages of equal power instead of being exercised by a central government.
The last member of the Yahi, a Yanan located in California. The "last wild Indian" in America, Ishi spent his life outside of modern culture.
The spread of items from one place to another. There are types of diffusion such as "cultural diffusion,", or the spread of one culture to another area.
Form of political organization with rule by a hereditary leader who held power over a collection of villages and towns. Less powerful than kingdoms and empires, chiefdoms were based on gift giving and commercial links.
An important Neolithic site in what is now Turkey. (pron. cha-TAHL-hoo-YOOK). One of the earliest settlements and complex societies.
"Secondary Products Revolution"
A term used to describe a series of technological changes that began c.a. 4000 B.C.E. People began to develop new uses for their domesticated animals, leading to a revolutionary new source of power.
A human society that relies on domesticated animals rather than plants as the main source of food; pastoral nomads lead their animals to seasonal grazing grounds rather than settling permanently in a single location.
The spread of Bantu speaking peoples from their homeland in what is now Southern Nigeria or Cameroon to most of Africa, in a process that started 3000 B.C.E. and continued for several millennia.
A Chinese archaeological site, where the remains of a significant Neolithic village have been found.
The last human migration, which caused humans to have settled on every piece of habitable land. Austronesian-speaking people settled the Pacific islands and Madagascar in a series of seaborne migrations that began around 3500 years ago
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