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Macbeth Characters, Terms


the king of Scotland who Macbeth murders in order to become king himself


one of Duncan's sons who is thought to have murdered Duncan, flees to England


one of Duncan's sons who is thought to have murdered Duncan, flees to Ireland


protagonist who receives a prophecy from the witches that tells him that he will be Thane of Glamis, Thane of Cawdor, and king

the 3 weird sisters

give Macbeth the prophecy and are examples of the theme "appearances can be misleading"


overseer of the witches who is associated with the moon, tells them to give Macbeth false security and scorns them for intervening in his affairs

3 apparitions

an armed head (beware Macduff), a bloody child (no one born of a woman can harm you), and a child holding a tree (you will reign until Birnam forest moves to Dunsinane


Macbeth's servant

Lady Macbeth

Macbeth's wife who is the true mastermind behind Duncan's murder. she accuses him of not being a man


Banquo's son


also receives a prophecy from the witches but does not change his actions because of it, Macbeth murders him and his ghost returns to haunt Macbeth

Three murderers

hired by Macbeth to kill Fleance and Banquo


finds Macbeth suspicious, leaves his family to go to England, eventually slays Macbeth because he is not technically born of a woman

Macduff's son

is killed when Macduff's castle is attacked, warns his mother to run

Lady Macduff

Macduff's wife who will not forgive him for leaving the castle and his family vulnerable


a messenger throughout the play who tries to convince Lady Macduff that Macduff didn't leave because he wanted to leave his family

Angus, Menteith, and Caithness

Scottish nobles who are opposed to Macbeth


leads the English army against Macbeth

Young Siward

Siward's son who is slain by Macbeth


Macbeth's doorkeeper - source of comic relief after the tense murder scene

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