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Ms. Sonntag APUSH Unit 1-2016
Terms in this set (15)
gradual shift from hunting and gathering to cultivating food crops that occurred 7-9,000 years ago.
exchange of plants, animals, culture, disease, and people between Europe and the Americas from first contact on.
(1400-1650) cultural awakening began in Italy and spread across Europe-creativity and inquiry. Printing press.
Spanish adventurers who subdued Native Americans and created Spanish empire.
Treaty of Tordesillas
negotiated by pope to resolve land claims between Spain and Portugal, divided world making Brazil Portuguese and rest of Latin America Spanish.
exploitative labor system designed to reward conquistadores by granting them villages and control over native labor.
(1500-1700) religious movement to reform and challenged the spiritual authority of the Roman Catholic Church, led by Martin Luther and John Calvin.
central tenet of Calvinism-that shaped American puritanism, doctrine that insisted as a matter of faith that an almighty God had elected some people for salvation and others for damnation and that no amount of good works could change God's decision.
first explorer to "discover" New World
Queen of England during age of exploration
Sir Walter Raleigh
explorer who founded Roanoke colony and helped defeat Spanish armada.
son of Mary Queen of Scots, became ruler of Great Britain.
Columbus "discovers" new world
settleing of Jamestown
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