AP World History Vocabulary Chapter 6
Terms in this set (30)
Kingdom located in Ethiopian highlands; replaced Meroë in first century CE; received strong influence from Arabian peninsula; eventually converted to Christianity.
A Christian kingdom the developed in the highlands of Eastern Africa under the dynasty of King Lalibela; retained Christianity in the face of Muslim expanision elsewhere in Africa.
Desert running across northern Africa; separates the Mediterranean coast from southern Africa.
Religion of early Japanese culture; devotees worshipped numerous gods and spirits associated with the natural world; offers of food and prayers made to gods and nature spirits.
Civilizations of Central and South America
Three cultural hearths are represented: Mesoamerica, extending from north-central Mexico to Nicaragua; the Andean region in South America, and the Intermediate zone of modern-day Colombia and Panama, which shared many characteristics with the other zones but did no build in stone.
Site of classic culture in central Mexico; urban center with important religious functions; supported by intensive agriculture in surrounding regions; population of as much as 200,000.
Classic culture emerging in southern Mexico and Central America contemporary with Teotihuacan; extended over broad region; featured monumental architecture, written language, calendrical and mathematical systems, highly developed religion.
Group of clans centered at Cuzco that were able to create empire incorporating various Andean cultures; term also used for leader of empire.
Islands contained in a rough triangle whose points lie in Hawaii, New Zealand, and Easter Island.
Chinese Daoists who launched a revolt in 184 CE in China promising a golden age to be brought about by divine magic.
Dynasty that succeeded the Han in China; emerged from strong rulers in northern China; united all of northern China and reconquered southern China.
Dynasty that succeeded the Sui in 618 CE; more stable than previous dynasty.
Ruler who followed Guptas in India; briefly contructed a loose empire in northern India between 616 and 657 CE.
Regional princes in western India; emphasized military control of their religions.
Mother goddess within Hinduism; widely spread following collapse of Guptas; encouraged new emotionalism in religous ritual.
Major world religion having its origin in 610 CE in the Arabian peninsula; meaning literrally submission; based on prophecy of Muhammad.
Roman emperor from 284 to 305 CE; restored later empire by improved administration and tax collection.
Roman emperor from 312 to 337 CE established second capital of Constantinople; attempted to use religious force of Christianity to unify empire spirituality.
Germanic Kingdoms After the Invasions
Nomadic tribes converged mainly on the western part of the Roman empire, invading Rome and its European outposts.
Eastern half of the Roman empire following collapse of western half of old empire; retained Mediterrarnean culture, particularly Greek; later lost Palestine, Syria, and Egypt to Islam; capital at Constantinople.
Influential church father and theologian (354-430CE) born in Africa and ultimately bishop of Hippo in Africa; champion of Christian doctrine against various heresies and very important in the long-term development of Christian thought on such issues as predestination.
The Mediterranean, Middle East, Europe, and North Africa
500CE, Soon after the fall of Rome, the former empire split into three distinct zones.
Christian sect in Egypt, later tolerated after Islamic takeover.
Chinese version of Buddhism; placed considerable emphasis on Buddha as god or savior.
Buddhist holy men and women; built up spiritual merits during their lifetimes; prayers even after death could aid people to achieve reflected holiness.
Jesus of Nazareth
Prophet and teacher amoung the Jews; believed by Christians to be the Messiah; executed 30CE.
One of the first Christian missionaries; moved away from insistence that adherents of the new religion follow Jewish law; use of Greek in language of Church.
Bishop of Rome; head of the Christian Church in western Europe.
Council of Nicaea
Christian council that met in 325CE to determine orthodoxy with respect to the Trinity; insisted on divinity of all persons of the Trinity.
Benedict of Nursia
Founder of monasticism in what had been the western half of the Roman Empire; established Benedictine Rule in the 6th century; paralleled development of Basil's rules in Byzantine empire.
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