Chapter 8 Test
Terms in this set (41)
The two basic attitudes that form as a result of the quality of care we receive as infants are ___ and ___
Self-esteem; interpersonal trust
The person who believes that he deserves a good relationship but expects the worse of others probably has developed a(n).
Dismissing attachment style
Men tend to expect cross-gendered friendships to develop into a sexual relationship. If this does not happen, men frequently ___.
End the relationship
James and Elizabeth, a young college couple, are considering marriage. In order to ensure a long, satisfyingly positive relationship, they should ___.
Consider how similar and dissimilar they are in a number of important respects
The situation in which two people consistently influence each other, often focus their thoughts on one another, and regularly engage in joint activities is known as ____.
An affectionate relationship between siblings is most likely if ___.
Each sibling has a warm relationship with the parents and if the parents have a satisfying relationship with each other.
Attachment style, developed in infancy, is relatively ___, but may be modified by ___.
Stable beyond childhood; adult relationship experiences.
In general, marriage has been found to ___.
Consistently equate to happier and healthier moods for married men as compared to single unmarried men
A relationship that is based on friendship, shared interests, respect, mutual attraction, and concern for one another's welfare is ___.
The three schemas that are involved with romantic relationships are:
The self-schema, the partner schema, and the relationship schema
According to the evolutionary perspective, two characteristics of individuals that were important to the success of the species are ___ and ___.
Sexual desire; interpersonal commitment
The observation that chimpanzees and bonobos, our closest primate relatives, requently engage in social behaviors that is very similar to human social behaviors suggest that ___.
Much of our social behavior may be due to evolutionary pressures on our ancestors
People who form a relationship and ultimately marry are similar in terms of their attitudes , beliefs, values, attractiveness, and other aspects. After twenty years of marriage, research has determined that the degree similarity between husbands and wives ___.
Remains relatively constant.
Social exculpation occurs when ___.
A group of people reject an individual on the basis of prejudice, steroypes, and biases
Extramarital sex is associated with the dissolution of a marriage. Longitudinal research has shown that ___
Sometimes extramarital sex causes a marriage to break up and sometimes unhappy marriages causes people to engage in extramarital sexual activities.
From an evolutionary perspective, a males preference for younger and more attractive female partrners is probably due to ___.
An association between attractiveness, youth, and reproductive fitness
Two major intervention procedures that can be used to reduce feelings of loneliness are ___ and __.
Cognitive therapy; social skills training.
Attachment style is ____.
The degree of security experienced in interpersonal relationship.
Sternberg's (1896) triangular model of love includes three major components:
Intimacy, passion, and commitment
Males are more likely to experience ___ than are women
In general, men prefer romantic partners who are ___ and ___.
Younger; more attractive
Bilateral symmetry refers to ___ and is associated with ___.
The degree to which the left and right halves of the body are alike; genetic fitness and fertility
The goal of social skills training used to reduce loneliness is to ____.
Provide the lonely person with examples of socially appropriate behavior that can then be practiced in role play situations
The most successful and desirable attachment style is ___.
As a result of his mother's inconsistent parenting practices while he was an infancy, George has developed a restively low level of interpersonal trust. Because of his surprisingly high academic achievements, George has developed a very strong sense of self-esteem. Now that he's older, and successful relationship for a prolonged period, George initial dismissing attachment style may gradually become more ____.
In laboratory studies, two opposite-sexed people who are asked to gaze into each other's eyes for two minutes or to disclose information about themselves tend to experience ___.
Once established, close friendships typically involve self-disclosure, spending time together, and ___.
Providing mutual emotional support
The goal of cognitive therapy used to reduce loneliness is to ____.
Disrupt negative cognitive patterns and encourage new cognitions, perceptions, and expectations about social interactions
During adolescence, siblings ___, but most will ____ as they get older
Tend to grow apart; reestablish positive relationships
An intense, often unrealistic, emotional response to another person is known as ___.
Several factors associated with loneliness are genetic factors, opportunity for social interactions with peers at an early age, and ___.
A person who is high in self-esteem and low in interpersonal trust is likely to develop a ___.
Dismissing attachment style
Richard developed a preoccupied attachment style as a result of his early interactions with his mother. As an only child, he rarely had opportunities to interact with other children before stating school. In addition, he is dispositionally shy and tends to avoid interacting with children at school. Without intervention, his interpersonal problems can be expected to ___.
Continue thought-out childhood and adolescence, and into adulthood.
Self-esteem and interpersonal trust can combine in different ways to produce one of several types of ___:
An individual who loves someone that does not return his/her affection experiences __.
A person's emotional and cognitive reaction to having fewer and less satisfying relationships than desired is known as ___.
Passionate love includes sexual attraction, emotional arousal, the desire to be physically close, and __.
A strong need to be loved as much as you love the other person
The attitudinal dimension that involves the belief that other people are generally trustworthy and reliable is ____.
Narcissism refers to people who ____.
Feel superior to most others and who lacks empathy for others
People who have developed a preoccupied attachment style tend to
Readily form relationships but expect to be rejected
Women tend to prefer mates that have greater social status and economic resources. This finding can be explained by ____.
Either an evolutionary perspective or a culture-based perspective.