Chapter 7 Test
Terms in this set (32)
The contrast effect
Before going out on his date, Jon watched a portion of a TV show in which there were many attractive women. When he picked up his date, for some reason she did not seem as attractive as she had in the past. This situation illustrates the operation of _____.
Two people like each other and discover they are similar in some way
According to balance theory, balance is achieved when _____.
The other person produces positive affect; the other person produces negative affect
Attraction toward another increases if _____ and decreases if _____.
Appearance anxiety is usually most intense in _____.
The mere exposure effect
The observation that repeated exposure to a new stimulus results in increasingly positive evaluations of the stimulus is known as _____.
The ration of similar indicators to total indicators (similarity + similarity) expressed by two people
The proportion of similarity is _____
More attractive than the faces used to create it
Researchers have digitally combined multiple faces to create a composite image. This "averaged" face is typically rated as _____.
People who share similar attitudes and beliefs are _____ to like each other
The stimulus initially generates strong negative affect
The repeated exposre effect is LEAST likely to generate positive evaluations when ____.
The attitude one holds about another person
Interpersonal attraction refers to _____.
There is a neurobiological basis for the need to affiliate
Since newborns are predisposed to look toward faces in preference to other stimuli, this offers evidence that _____.
the similarity-dissimilarity effect.
The research finding that people tend to respond positively to indications that another person shares their attitudes, beliefs, and interests while they respond negatively to indications that another person differs from them in terms of attitudes, beliefs, and interests is known as _____.
By having a negative reaction to her
Angela and Becky are good friends. Carol greatly dislikes Angela but is not acquainted with Becky. Given this information, if Carol sees Angela and Becky interacting, Carol is MOST likely to react to Becky _____.
the associated effect of emotions
Karen and James are taking the same social psychology class. Karen happened to be standing next to James in the college post office when he received a letter from home that contained an unexpected $50.00. A short time later, James was asked to evaluate Karen as part of a class project. His evaluation of Karen is higher than it otherwise might have been because of _____.
Dave has just been shown a composite face of 20 women. He will likely rate this face as _____ in attractiveness.
people compare their attitudes and beliefs with each other because this is the only way we can evaluate our accuracy and normality
Festinger's (1954) social comparison theory states that _____.
characteristics that are evaluated as the opposite of unattractive
Physical attractiveness is _____.
Apprehension about whether our own physical appearance is adequate and concern about possible negative reactions of other people to our appearance is known as _____.
Areas of similarity outweigh areas of dissimilarity
Attraction between two people is enhanced when _____
The strength of an emotion; whether the emotion is positive or negative
Affect intensity refers to _____, while affect direction refers to _____.
Birds of a feather flock together
Of the following famous sayings, the one that MOST accurately describes the similarity-attraction relationship is _____.
Form friendships and interact with many people
People with high scores on explicit measures of the need to affiliate (such as questionnaires) are most likely to _____.
the physical closeness between individuals helps determine the probability that repeated contact will be experienced
The principle of proximity suggests that _____.
we know that they share attitudes and beliefs that are similar to ours
Our evaluations of strangers tend to be higher when _____.
Any physical characteristic or behavioral tendency that enhances the odds of reproductive success.
From an evolutionary perspective, an adaptive response is___.
Such affiliations provides opportunities for social comparisons
Individuals who are in stressful situations frequently experience an increase in their need to affiliate with others in a similar situation. This may be because ____.
Decrease his liking
Bob listened to a new song and did not like it at all. Shortly thereafter, this song was used by a company as its new adversiting jungle, and the song was played over and over, so Bod was repeatedly exposed to the song. You would expect Bob to ____ for the song.
Physical attractiveness is not associated with ___ but s correlated with ____.
The mere exposure effect.
Scott and Elizabeth grew up in the same small town. They attended the same school and went to the same college, where they took maky of the same classes. At first, they were not particulartly interested in each other romantically, but over time, they became increasingly attracted to each other and eventually married. This is best explained by ____.
Repeated exposure tends to produce favorable evaluations
Proximity is important to attraction because ____.
Regardless of the importance of the topics they discuss
The proportion of similarity is predictive of the degree of attraction between two people ____.
Negative emotions; positive emotions
According to Zajonc (2001); repeated encounters with a stranger generally allows ____ to decrease and ___ to increase