91 terms

CGS Exam 1 Chapter 3

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Terms in this set (...)

aggregator
A software program that goes out and grabs the latest update of Web material (usually podcasts) according to your specifications.
blog (Weblog)
A web page that contains periodic posts; corporate blogs are a new form of marketing communications
Bookmarks
also call "favorites"; will catalog your favorite URL's that the user has visited or plans to visit, so the user doesn't have to remember the page URL.
Boolean operator
A word used to refine logical searches. For Internet searches, the words AND, NOT, and OR describe the relationships between keywords in the search.
breadcrumb trail
A navigation bar that displays the page names in order of level from the home page to the current page based on the navigation srtucture. Also called the path.
business-to-business (B2B)
applies to businesses buying from and selling to each other over the internet
business-to-consumer (B2C)
applies to any business that sells its products or services to consumers over the internet
client
a computer that asks for data
client/server network
A network that uses centrally administered computers, known as servers, to enable resource sharing for and to facilitate communication between the other computers on the network.
consumer-to-consumer (C2C)
applies to sites primarily offering goods and services to assist consumers interacting with each other over the Internet
domain name
Domain names are part of the URL. Every domain name includes a suffix such as .org, .edu, .com, etc. The suffix indicates the type of organization or business. Examples of top level domain name suffixes - gov, edu, org, mil, com, net.
e-commerce
Business conducted electronically (buying/selling on web)
e-mail
(computer science) a system of world-wide electronic communication in which a computer user can compose a message at one terminal that is generated at the recipient's terminal when he logs in
e-mail client
A software program that runs on a computer and is used to send and receive e-mail through the ISP's server.
Favorites
A feature in Microsoft Internet Explorer that places a marker of a Web site's Uniform Resource Locator (URL) in an easily retrievable list in the browser's toolbar. (Called Bookmarks in some browsers.)
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
a protocol used to upload and download files from one computer to another over the internet.
Home page
Main page of a web site; usually the first page.
host
the potion of the domain name that identifies who maintains a given Web site. For example, berkley.edu is the domain name for the U of Berkeley, which maintains that site
hyperlink
a type of specially coded text that, when clicked, enables a user to jump from one location, or web page, to another within a web site or to another web site altogether
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
The protocol that allows files to be transferred from a Web server so that you can see them on your computer by using a browser.
instant messaging
Online communication that allows two or more participants to communicate in real time
Internet
a network of networks that is the largest network in the world, connecting millions of computer from more than one hundred countries
Internet Backbone
The main pathway of high-speed communications lines over which all Internet traffic flows.
Internet Protocol Address (IP Address)
The means by which all computers connected to the Internet identify each other. It consists of a unique set of four numbers separated by dots such as 123.45.178.91.
keyword
(1) A specific word a user wishes to query (or look for) in an Internet search. (2) A specific word that has a predefined meaning in a particular programming language.
live bookmark
A bookmark that delivers updates to you as soon as they become available, using Really Simple Syndication (RSS).
massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG)
A gaming environment in which thousands of participants interact in a virtual game world by assuming roles of fictitious characters.
metasearch engine
A metasearch engine, such as Dogpile, searches other search engines rather than individual Web sites.
multimedia
different types of media including text, video, sound, graphics and animations
multiplayer online game
An online game in which play occurs among hundreds or thousands of other players over the Internet in a persistent or ever-on game environment. In some games, players can interact with other players through trading, chatting, or playing cooperative or combative mini-games.
path (subdirectory)
The information after the slash indicates a particular file or path (or subdirectory) within the Web site.
plug-in (player)
A small software program that "plugs in" to a Web browser to enable a specific function—for example, to view and hear certain multimedia files on the Web.
podcast
A clip of audio or video content that is broadcast over the internet using compressed audio or video files in formats such as MP3.
Really Simple Syndication (RSS)
an XML-based format that allows frequent updates of content on the World Wide Web
search engine
A set of programs that searches the Web for specific words (or keywords) you wish to query (or look for) and then returns a list of the Web sites on which those keywords are found.
secure socket layer
a protocol that provides for the encryption of data transmitted using the internet. the current versions of all major web browsers support SSL
Semantic Web (Web 3.0)
An evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which information is defined in such a way to make it more easily readable by computers.
server
A computer that provides resources to other computers on a network.
social bookmarking (tagging)
a keyword or term that internet users assign to a web resource such as a web page, digital image, or video.
social networking
a means by which people use the internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends, and meet and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends.
spider
A program that constantly collects information on the Web, following links in Web sites and reading Web pages. get their name because they crawl over the Web using multiple "legs" to visit many sites simultaneously.
streaming audio
Technology that enables audio files to be fed to a browser continuously. This lets users avoid having to download an entire file before listening.
streaming video
Technology that enables video files to be fed to a browser continuously. This lets users avoid having to download the entire file before viewing.
subject directory
A structured outline of Web sites organized by topics and subtopics.
top-level domain
The suffix, often of three letters, in the domain name (such as .com or .edu) that indicates the kind of organization the host is.
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
A Web site's unique address; an example is microsoft.com.
video log (vlog or video blog)
A personal online journal that uses video as the primary content in addition to text, images, and audio.
Web 2.0
Tools and Web-based services that emphasize online collaboration and sharing among users.
Web browser
software installed on a computer sustem that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate the web
Web server
A computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host Web pages (and other information) and provide requested Web pages to clients.
Web site
A location on the Web.
Webcast
The broadcast of audio or video content over the Internet. Unlike a podcast, a webcast is not updated automatically.
wiki
A type of Web site that allows anyone visiting the site to change its content by adding, removing, or editing the content.
World Wide Web
the part of the internet used the most. what distinguished the web from the rest of the internet are (1) its use of common communication protocols and speical languages that enable different computers to talk to each other and display information in compatible formats; and (2) its use of special links that enable users to jump from one place to another in the web
knowing he has only a few minutes before class, Juan launches Internet Explorer, the ______ software from Microsoft that allows him to connect to the Internet
Web Browser
He quickly goes to Facebook, the _______ site, to catchup on the activities of his friends
social networking
then he checks his _______ for any electronic mail communication he may have received from his teachers
e-mail
he also reads a few of the updates to the online journal, Engadget.com, one of his favorite _____
blogs
At home Juan types a _______ into google, the ________, to find web sites he needs for a reaseach paper.
keyword;search engine
One of the first sites listed is Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia that takes advantage of the nature of ______ technology
wiki
Juan then checks out Dogpile.com, a _______ that searches the search engines for him
metasearch engine
Juan clicks on a ______, the specifically coded text in the resulting list in Dogpile, which links him to a web site
hyperlink
He adds a ________ with a meaningful keyword in the _______ site Delcious so he can find out how many others find this Web page interesting
tag ; social bookmarking
Juan also notes the _______ of the web site so that he can add its bibliography
URL
Before going to bed, he opens up iTunes, a ______ that collects the latest updates of broadcasted media using a ______ which ensures that the latest content is available
aggregator ; RSS feed
Juan listens to the ______ of his favorite radio show
podcast
What is NOT true about the internet?
it was developed as an additional means of commerce
What do you need to read, send, and organize e-mail from any computer connected to the internet?
a web-based email account
Which is NOT an example of social networking ?
e-mail
which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a blog?
blogs are private and require a password
which of the following is true about plug-ins?
they are necessary to view most web graphics
what feature is a list of links you've visited within a Web site?
breadcrumb trail
which is NOT a component of a search engine?
subject directory
when using the internet for research, you can ______
should evaluate sites for bias and relevance
Which of the following is NOT an Internet protocol?
ARPANET
ebay and craigslist are examples of what kind of electronic commerce?
C2C
The information in e-mail is no more private than a postcard (T/F)
True
A search engine that searches other search engines is called a SuperSearch engine (T/F)
False
A green shaded address bar on a Web site indicates that the Web site is secure (T/F)
True
Each time you connect to the internet, your computer is assigned the same IP Address
False
in the web address www.facebook.com, facebook is the top-level domain (T/F)
False
Which theory states that there is no universal moral truth?
Relativism
The ethical theory that states that society as a whole will improve if everyone adheres to the same moral code is known as _____
rule utilitarianism
Which ethical philosophy states that decision making should be based on the circumstances surrounding a given situation, not fixed laws?
situational ethics
Which of the following statements is false?
Individuals who apply ethics inconsistently exhibit amoral behavior
not conforming to a set of approved ethical standards is known as
unethical
the field of psychology that theorizes that happiness results from ethical living is known as
positive psychology
which system of ethics is most widely agreed upon to the best system?
there is none
which is not a tangible benefit of ethical living?
increased motivation
which of the following actions would not help to identify your personal ethics ?
conduct a genealogic study of your extended family
Ethical decisions in business affect which of the following?
The Stakeholders