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The French Revolution Unit Test
Terms in this set (35)
social-political system which existed in most Europe during the 18th century.
first- high ranking members of the church, privileged
second- nobility, privileged
third- everyone else, peasants, bourgeoisie, merchants, unprivileged.
-spent a lot of money on the american revolution
-marriage to Louis symbolized the alliance of France and Austria
absolutism (absolute monarchy)
a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society
royal palace of the French monarchy
-voting conducted by estates
-each estate had one vote
-first and second estate can override the third estate
- third estate wanted voting by population which caused the national assembly
-Louis XVI did not want to write a constitution
-Had plan to use military force on own people but backfired when word got out
July 14, 1789 was the storming of the Bastille
Tennis Court Oath
-third estate locked out of meeting room.
-stayed in indoor tennis court until a new constitution was written
Declaration of rights of man
-men born free and stayed free with equal rights
-liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression
-liberty, equality, and fraternity
body that had the power to make laws and to approve or reject declarations of war
-king still has power to declare laws
noble and other who fled France in hope to undo the revolution
humane way of execution that is suppose to be painless
Jacobin Leader who slowly gained power, wanted to destroy France's past. Caused reign of terror
Committee of Public Saftey
protect the revolution from enemies
reign of terror
-Robespierre governed France as a dictator
- enabled french citizens to remain true to the ideas of the revolution
-Those accused of treason were tried by the Committee's Revolutionary Tribunal and killed by the guillotine because of an unfair trial
-born in corsica
-became a dictator
coup d' etat
sudden seizure of power
yes or not vote that made Napoleon emperor
the government recognized the churches influence but denied the church in national affairs
-limited women's rights
-limits on freedom of speech and press
-NO laws apply to Napoleon.
Battle of Trafalgar
lost to the British navy and first major defeat for Napoleon.
a forcible closing of ports
Napoleon tried to isolate trade with Britain (to hurt their economy) but it backfired
Spanish peasant fighters who fought with guerrilla warfare, which is a way of nontraditional fighting.
- Napoleon but Louis XVI's brother incharge of Spanish but they fought back
-napoleon lost 300,000 people
burning grain fields and killing livestock, which leaves nothing for France to eat.
-Napoleon attacked British army, Prussia helped Britain
-Lost France's last bit of power
-Napoleon escaped from Elba
-Battle of Waterloo
-Napoleon was exiled to St. Helena
-extra secure so no way Napoleon could escape
set of polices to achieve a new European order, stable continent . Conservatives triumph on Europe.
Klemens von Metternich
-minister of Austria
-believed Napoleon's dictatorship had been the outcome of experiments with democracy
- restores stability.
an agreement on Christian principle in order to combat the forces of revolution.
-austria, prussia, russia
- kept peace for 100 years
concert of europe
-series of alliances
-help one another if revolution broke out.
How did Napoleon loss his empire?
Spain, Continental System (Battle of Trafalgar), and Russia (Battle of Leipzig (battle of Nations)
Battle of Leipzig (battle of Nations)
Napoleon goes in Russia with 400,000 + troops, comes back with 10,000. While Napoleon was "down" the other countries gained up to defeat him at the
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
The French Revolution Unit Test Part 1
The French Revolution Unit Test Part 2
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