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The word 'a' or 'an' introducing an unspecified noun or the name of a general category.
A space left between the left-hand margin of a line of type or handwriting and the beginning of a sentence or quotation.
A noun, pronoun, or group of words naming something indirectly affected by the action of a verb.
A change in the form of a word to reflect different grammatical functions of the word in a sentence.
The use of words to mean something very different from what they appear on the surface to mean.
Slanted letters that are generally used to emphasize certain words, to indicate that they are in a foreign language, or to set off the title of a literary or artistic work.
A play or film in which the plot is often sensational, and the characters may display exaggerated emotion.
The highly organized rhythm characteristic of verse; the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
A person who tells a story; in literature, the voice that an author takes on to tell a story.
An abbreviation for the Latin phrase 'nota bene' meaning "note well." Used to emphasize an important point.
The grammatical term indicating that a noun or pronoun is the subject of a sentence or clause rather than its object.
A Latin expression for "cast of characters". It literally means "the persons of the drama"
A form of poetry that mourns the loss of someone who has died or something that has deteriorated.
A punctuation mark (...) used most often within quotations to indicate that something has been left out.
A long narrative poem written in elevated style, in which heroes of great historical or legendary importance perform valorous deeds.
An agreeable word or expression substituted for one that is potentially offensive, often having to do with bodily functions, sex, or death.
A punctuation mark used after an abrupt and emphatic statement or after a command.
Traditional stories and legends, transmitted orally (rather than in writing) from generation to generation.
The rules for standard use of words. A system for classifying and analyzing the elements of language.
A punctuation mark used in some compound words. It is also used to divide a word at the end of a line type, and between syllables.
The most common meter in English verse. Consists of a line ten syllables long that is accented on every second beat.
An abbreviation for ibidem, a Latin word meaning "in the same place." Used in footnotes and bibliographies to refer to the source cited in the previous entry.
An abbreviation for id est, a Latin phrase meaning "that is." It indicates that an explanation or paraphrase is about to follow.
A drama - play, story, or film - that ends happily for the main character and contains humor to some degree.
A form of an adjective indicating a greater degree of the quality that the adjective describes.
A sentence that contains one main clause or independent clause and at least one subordinate clause or dependent clause.
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses, often joined by conjunctions.
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
The meaning that a word suggests or implies. It includes the emotions or associations that surround a word.
Letters of the alphabet that stand for sounds often made with a closed or partially closed mouth. (B C D F G H J K L M N P Q R S T V W X Z)
A word produced by running two or more words together and leaving out some of the letters or sounds.
The use of grammatical structures to give equal emphasis to two or more words, groups of words, or ideas.
The legal protection given to published works, forbidding anyone but the author from publishing or selling them.
A punctuation mark used to indicate a sudden break in thought, to set off parenthetical material, or to take the place of such expressions as 'that is' and 'namely'
A clause that does not stand alone as a sentence but depends on another clause to complete its meaning.
Dewey decimal system
A system used in libraries for the classification of books and other publications.
A word formed by combinating the beginning letters of a name or phrase or by combining the initial syllables of a series of words.
An abbreviation used with date, indicating how many years have passed since the birth of Jesus. It stands from anno Domini, a latin phrase meaning "in the year of our Lord."
A part of speech that describes a noun or pronoun. Usually placed just before the words they qualify.
A story that has a deeper or more general meaning in addition to its surface meaning. Composed of several symbols or metaphors.
An indirect reference to some piece of knowledge not actually mentioned. Usually come from a body of information that the author presumes the reader will know.
A mark used with a noun or pronoun to indicate possession or in a contracion to show where letters have been left out.
Marks used within quotations to distinguish between the quoter's own words and those of the writer being quoted.
A grammatical category indicating whether nouns and pronouns are functioning as the subject of a sentence or the object of a sentence, or are indicating possession.
An approach to aesthetics that favors restraint, rationality, and the use of strict forms in literature, painting, architecture, and other arts.
A part of a sentence; a noun, pronoun, or group of words that receives or is affected by the action of a verb.
A kind of poem devoted to the praise of a person, animal, or thing. Usually in elevated style and often expresses deep feeling.
A rhetorical device in which two seemingly contradictory words are used together for effect.
A statement that seems contradictory or absurd but is actually valid or true or a statement that truly is contradictory and yet follows logically from other statements that do not seem open to objection.
A basic unit of prose. Usually composed of several sentences that together develop one central idea.
A restatement of speech or writing that retains the basic meaning while changing the words. Often clarifies the original statement by putting it into words that are more easily understood.
Parts of a sentence
Classifications of words, phrases, and clauses according to the way they figure in sentences.
Parts of speech
Classifications of words according to their relations to each other and to the things they represent.
A word used in footnotes and similar material to indicate that a word or subject occurs frequently.
One of the two "voices" of verbs when the subject of the sentence is acted on by the verb.
An inflectional form of pronouns and verbs that distinguishes between who speaks, who is spoken to, and who is spoken about.
A part of speech that indicates the relationships, often spatial, of one word to another.
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