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Harcourt Social Studies Chapter 3 Grade 5 Study Guide and Chapter Review


The use of scientific knowledge and tools to make or do something


A trip taken with the goal of exploring


A person who sets up and runs a business


An agreement between countries about peace, trade, or other matters


A sum of money or other payment given for a particular purpose


Any of the Spanish conquerors in the Americas during the early 1500s


To change for the better


Rebellion against the leader of one's group

The Seven Cities Of Gold

What was Coronado searching for

The Vikings led by Leif Erickson

What group of Europeans reached/explored North America about 500 years before Columbus (1000 A.D.)


Who gave Columbus the money for his expedition to cross the Atlantic Ocean in 1492


Who sailed west instead of east to find a more direct water route to Asia

Ferdinand Magellan

Who was the leader of the first expedition to sail around the world

Hernando Cortez

What Spanish explorer conquered the Aztec empire in Mexico

Francisco Pizarro

What Spanish conquistador took control of the Inca Empire in Peru

Verranzano, Cartier, and Hudson

Who was searching for the Northwest Passage in North America

Henry Hudson

Who was set adrift at sea with his son and some of the crew in a small boat when the rest of his crew mutinied, occurred during his last voyage

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

Who explored the land that connects the Americas and became the first European explorer to reach the Pacific Ocean

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

Who explored and claimed for Spain much of what is now the southwestern United States


Who did Henry Hudson explore for and claim much of what is now the state of New York and its surrounding areas

Juan Ponce de Leon

Who was the first European explorer to explore land that became part of the United States; explored and claimed for Spain what is now the state of Florida

Hernando de Soto

Who explored and claimed for Spain much of the southern half of what is now the United States

they had no maps that showed the world correctly and sailors also lacked the technology, the scientific knowledge and tools, needed for such a long trip

What problems kept Europeans from sailing to Asia

to make better ships, maps, and tools for navigation

What were the aims of Prince Henry´s school of navigation

he promised them great riches and new lands and also said that he would take Catholic beliefs to Asia

How did Columbus persuade the king and queen

he believed he had reached Asia but was in the Indies

How was Columbus mistaken about the lands he claimed for Spain

amazed about Chinese inventions, merchants were interested in the riches Marco Polo wrote about and they wanted to buy and then resell Asian goods such as silks and spices

Why did Europeans begin to look for a sea route to Asia

71 years after

Did Hudson's expedition take place before or after de Soto's

21 years after

How many years after Columbus reached San Salvador did Balboa see the Pacific

These and other developments made ocean exploration possible

How did trade and technology play an important role in the growth of exploration

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