12 terms

Chapter 2 Section 2 - Spain's Empire in the Americas

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Hernando Cortes
Led an expedition to Mexico against orders from Spain. Set his sights on taking over the Aztec Empire.
Francisco Pizzaro
Received a commission to conquer and establish a new province in the southern territory of present-day Peru. Overthrew the Inca leader.
Encomiendas
Land grants that included the right to demand labor or taxes from the Native Americans.
Bartolome de las Casas
Missionary who worked for reform of cruel treatment of Native Americans.
Peninsulars
Spanish colonist born in Spain; top level of society.
Creoles
Colonist born in America with two Spanish parents.
Mestizors
Colonist of Spanish and Indian blood.
Mulattos
People of Spanish and African Heritage.
Juan Ponce de Leon
Believed to be the first Spaniard to set foot in United States. He was searching for the fountain of youth.
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
He led an expedition to St. Petersburg, Florida. They were attacked by natives. Only 4 of his men survived and returned to Spain. Explores present-day Galveston, Texas.
Francisco Coronado
He led an expedition to find "The Seven Golden Cities." Although he does not find it, he does explore present day New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and Kansas. Men in his exploration are first Europeans to see the Grand Canyon.
Hernando de Soto
Helped conquer Peru. He explored Southeastern US and found Mississippi, but no city of Gold.