16 terms

Biology Vocabulary Terms

The Biology vocabulary words for the quiz on Friday, Jan. 17th. Btw: Good luck, Cypress JV & V Guys & Girls Basketball!
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Mammary Gland
Gland in mammals that produces milk to nourish the young
Subcutaneous Fat
Layer of fat cells beneath the skin
Rumen
Stomach chamber in cows & related animals in which newly swallowed plant food is stored & processed
Diaphragm
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
Cerebral Cortex
Outer layer of the cerebrum of a mammal's brain; center of thinking & other complex behaviors
Monotreme
Egg-laying mammal (example: Platypus)
Marsupial
Mammal which bears live young that complete their development in an external pouch (example: Kangaroo)
Placenta
Organ in placental mammals through which nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and wastes are exchanged between embryo & mother
Binocular Vision
Ability to merge visual images from both eyes, which provides depth perception & a 3-D view of the world
Prosimian
With few exceptions, small, nocturnal primate that has large eyes for seeing in the dark
Anthropoid
Humanlike primate
Prehensile
Term used to refer to a long tail that can grasp branches
Hominoid
Member of a group of primates that includes apes & humans
Hominid
Primate that walks upright, has opposable thumbs & possesses a large brain; only living members are humans
Bipedal
Term used to refer to 2-footed locomotion
Opposable Thumb
Thumb that enables grasping objects & using tools