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Poetry Terms

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alliteration
Repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of words.
stanza
Division of a poem; composed of two or more lines.
personification
Figurative language: attributing human characteristics of feeling to non-human things.
simile
Figurative language: explicit comparison between essentially unlike things, typically using "like" or "as."
metaphor
Figurative language: explicit or implied comparison between essentially unlike things, made without using "like" or "as."
villanelle
19-line poem in which two of the lines are repeated in a set pattern.
ode
Lyric poem that praises and exalts a person, characteristic, quality, or object.
prose
Writing in sentences and paragraphs without metrical (rhythmic) structure.
slant rhyme
Partial or imperfect (not exact) rhyme.
sonnet
Poem usually of 14 lines and a fixed rhyme scheme.
consonance
Repetition of consonants, especially at the end of words.
dramatic monologue
Poetry by one speaker at a critical moment in an event, usually including self-revelation by the speaker.
ekphrastic
Related to a literary description of or response to a visual work of art.
assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds within words.
couplet
Stanza of two lines, or a pair of lines with end-rhymes.
haiku
A three-line poem, usually 17 syllables, which presents two images in juxtaposition.
image
A vivid description or representation.
verse
Writing arranged according to a metrical (rhythmic) pattern - poetry!
rhyme scheme
The pattern of rhyming in a poem.
meter
The accentual rhythm of a poem.
refrain
A phrase repeated at intervals throughout a poem.
free verse
Lines arranged in no fixed metrical pattern and usually unrhymed.
onomatopoeia
Use of words associated with the sounds of the objects or actions they refer to.