disease characterized by enlarged features, especially the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty, when normal bone growth has stopped; most often caused by a pituitary tumor
The follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and leutenizing hormone (LH) are referred to collectively as:
Stimulates a target organ, an endocrine gland, to secrete its hormone. Which in turn exert their effects on other body organs
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus
made of proteins. generally cannot pass through the cell membrane; must bind to receptors on the cell membrane.
A hormone derived from cholesterol. Steroids are generally hydrophobic and can easily cross the plasma membrane of cells, thus receptors for steroids are found intracellularly. Once this steroid binds to its receptor, the receptor-steroid complex acts to regulate transcription in the nucleus.
condition caused by congential absence of the thyroid, resulting in puffy features, mental deficiency, and dwarfism
secreted from the posterior pituitary gland,promotion of uterine contractility, and stimulation of milk ejection form breast
Atrial natriuertic peptide, increases water and sodium removal by the kidney (to decrease blood pressure).
hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
Produced by the thyroid gland and decreases the blood calcium levels by stimulating calcium deposit in the bones. The antagonist of the parathyroid hormone
hormone produced in the pineal gland that targets the brain to control circadian rhythms and circannual rhythms, and may be involved in maturation of sex organs
a hormone secreted by the pancreas,stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas, Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.