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37 terms

Endocrine glands and hormones they secrete

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anterior pituitary
Secretes Acth, LH, FSH, TSH, Prolactin, and GH
Posterior pituitary
Storage for Oxytosin, ADH (ANTI DIURETIC HORMONE)
Thyroid Gland
Thyroxin , calcitonin
Parathyroid Gland
PTH
Adrenal Medulla
Epinephrine, Nor-epinephrine
Adrenal Cortex
Corticosteroids ,( minneralcocorticords, Glucocordicord, Gonadcorticord)
Testis
Testosterone
Pineal Gland
Melatonin
Thymus
Thymosin and Thymopoetin
Pancreas
Glucogon , Insulin
Ovary
Estogen and Progesterone
Cushing Disease
over production of acth ( corticotropin)
Dwarfism
A disease caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood
Giantism
Overproduction of GH in children
Acromegaly
disease characterized by enlarged features, especially the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty, when normal bone growth has stopped; most often caused by a pituitary tumor
Simple Goiter
enlarged gland due to lack of iodine--the thyroid is constantly stimulated
gonadtropins
The follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and leutenizing hormone (LH) are referred to collectively as:
tropic hormone
Stimulates a target organ, an endocrine gland, to secrete its hormone. Which in turn exert their effects on other body organs
adh
hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus
aldosterone
a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland
nonsteroid hormone
made of proteins. generally cannot pass through the cell membrane; must bind to receptors on the cell membrane.
steroid hormone
A hormone derived from cholesterol. Steroids are generally hydrophobic and can easily cross the plasma membrane of cells, thus receptors for steroids are found intracellularly. Once this steroid binds to its receptor, the receptor-steroid complex acts to regulate transcription in the nucleus.
cretinism
condition caused by congential absence of the thyroid, resulting in puffy features, mental deficiency, and dwarfism
non-steroidal
are anterior pituitary hormones steroidal or non -steroidal?
steroidal
gonadal and adrenocortical hormones
LH
TRIGGER FOR OVULATION
FSH
responsible for selection of egg
TSH-thyrotropin
secreted by the anterior pituitary stimulates activity of the thyroid
prolactin
secreted by anterior pituitary - initiates milk production
somatostatin
inhibits growth hormone
oxytosin
secreted from the posterior pituitary gland,promotion of uterine contractility, and stimulation of milk ejection form breast
anp
Atrial natriuertic peptide, increases water and sodium removal by the kidney (to decrease blood pressure).
Thyroxin
hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells
Calcitonin
Produced by the thyroid gland and decreases the blood calcium levels by stimulating calcium deposit in the bones. The antagonist of the parathyroid hormone
Melatonin
hormone produced in the pineal gland that targets the brain to control circadian rhythms and circannual rhythms, and may be involved in maturation of sex organs
Glucagon
a hormone secreted by the pancreas,stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
insulin
hormone secreted by the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas, Hormone produced by the pancreas that is released when stimulated by elevated glucose levels. This hormone decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating the transport of glucose into the body cells where it is oxidized for energy or converted to glycogen or fat for storage.