Chapter 4 Multiple Choice/Fill-in Blank
Terms in this set (53)
In the years after the Glorious Revolution, political power in England increasingly shifted toward
During the first half of the eighteenth century, royal officials in America
contributed to England's overall lax control of the colonies.
The proposed Albany Plan of 1754
revealed the difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other.
The major participants in the Seven Years' War, in North America, were
the Iroquois, the English, and the French
During the eighteenth century, in North America, the most powerful native group were the
The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713
transferred territory from the French to the English in North America.
In the aftermath of King George's War
relations between the English, French and Iroquois deteriorated.
The first clash of the French and Indian War took place near what is now
The French and Indian War was fought in
India, the West Indies, the North American interior and Europe.
The beginning of the end of the American phase of the French and Indian War was marked by the French defeat at
Throughout the French and Indian War, American colonists
sold and traded food and other goods with the French.
For Indians in North America, British victory in the French and Indian War
had disastrous effects on their future.
When George III assume the throne of England, he
was painfully immature.
The Proclamation of 1763
was supported by many Indian tribes.
The Sugar Act of 1764 was designed to
damage the market for sugar grown in the colonies; eliminate the illegal sugar trade between the colonies, the French and West Indies; establish new vice-admiralty courts in America to try accused smugglers; and, lower the colonial duty on molasses.
The Paxton Boys and the Regulators both
demanded tax relief.
Many colonists believed the legislation passed by the Grenville ministry in 1764-1765
meant the British were trying to take away their tradition of self-government.
Who among the following took the lead in protesting against the Stamp Act?
British official Thomas Hutchinson
had his home ransacked by anti-Stamp Act demonstrators.
the Declaratory Act of 1766
.was a sweeping assertion of Parliament's authority over the colonies.
The Townshend Duties of 1767
were taxes on what were called external transactions.
In 1770, the Townshend Duties were ended by
The leading colonial figure in the Boston Massacre was
English and American supporters of the English constitution felt it correctly divided power between
the monarchy, the aristocracy, and representative assemblies.
Under the English constitution during the eighteenth century,
large areas of England had no direct political representation.
Taverns were important in the growth of revolutionary sentiment because
they become central meeting places to discuss ideas about resistance.
The colonial boycott of tea in 1773
was led by women, who were the primary consumers of tea.
Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party by
reducing the powers of self-government in Massachusetts.
Y/N: In regards to the the Coercive Acts, Massachusetts became a martyr in the cause of the resistance.
In 1775, the Conciliatory Propositions
was an appeal by the British government to colonial moderates.
The events of Lexington and Concord
occurred before there was a formal American declaration of independence.
The 1754 effort to deal with Indian issues on an intercolonial basis was called the
The treaty that drove the French out of North America in 1763 was called the
Peace of Paris.
During King George's War, the colonists captured the French fort at ______________ on Cape Breton Island, only to be forced to return it to the French during the peace settlement.
The dramatic fall of ____________ marked the beginning of the end of the American phase of the Seven Years' War.
The Ottawa chieftain __________ struck back at English colonists who sought to move west of the Appalachians following the Seven Years' War.
The parliamentary attempt to restrict westward movement following the Seven Years' War was called the
Proclamation of 1763.
Parliamentary legislation requiring colonists to provision and maintain the British army was called the
Mutiny Act of 1765.
The Sugar Act of 1764 created courts called
vice-admiralty courts, which were designed to deal with accused smugglers.
The Virginian who took the lead in protesting the Stamp Act was
The newly organized Sons of ____________ did their best to block enforcement of the Stamp Act
The legislation confirming parliamentary authority over the colonies was called the
In 1770 Prime Minister Lord North repealed all of the ___________ except the tax on tea.
The Bostonian who took the lead in fomenting public outrage against the Boston Massacre was
In 1772 Samuel Adams proposed the creation of a "committee of ______________" to publicize grievances against England.
In 1772, colonists on Rhode Island set afire and sand the British schooner
The __________________ colony had the most elaborately developed tavern culture.
The British Parliament operated on a theory of representation called __________ representation.
The conflict between England and America was made insoluble because of a basic difference of opinion over the nature of
A private company, the _______________, stood to benefit from the passage of the Tea Act of 1773.
East India Company
The ___________ Act granted political rights to Roman Catholics.
Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party by passing a series of laws called the
The architect of the British military move on Lexington and Concord was General _____________.