22 terms

science chapter 2

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hardness
the resistance of a mineral to scratching
proton, electron, neutron
fundamental particles found in atoms
covalent
what bond do atoms that share electrons have
outer electron shell
which electrons are responsible for most chemical bonding
cleavage
the strong tendency of certain minerals to break along smooth planes
cement
calcite is used in the production of
calcite
a major constituent mineral in limestone
Cl, F, Br
halides always include
micas
mineral group that exhibits cleavage
yes
is feldspar a silicate
no
is halite a silicate
quartz
what mineral is entirely Si and O
ore
a natural concentration of metallic minerals that can be economically extracted
SiO4
sulfates always include
Si and O
the 2 elements that combine to make most rock forming minerals in the crust
silicates
most common group of rock forming minerals
feldspar
the most common group of silicates
4 O and 1 Si
basic building block of a silicate is composed of
from cooling molten rock
silicates most commonly form from
potassium, calcium, sodium, and aluminum
light colored silicates are mainly composed of
iron and magnesium
dark silicates are mainly composed of
CO3
carbonates always include