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Energy of reactants/enzymes
Terms in this set (14)
What are the emergent properties of water?
Cohesion, adhesion, high specific heat, water is a solvent, high surface tension, high heat of vaporization
Fish and other animals living in lakes under sheets of ice surface is an example of which water property?
Waters greatest density occurs when it is liquid
What emergent property is responsible for ants and small insects to be able to run across the upper layers of ponds?
Water has high surface tension
How does heat of vaporization work?
For example, when sweating to cool down. The sweat lays on the surface of your skin and starts cooling to keep your skin cool and eventually your body temperature lowers
Which emergent property is displayed when water drops that fall on your car tend to bead up?
Water is not always the universal solvent because it doesn't like to touch non polar surface of the car
What does the second law of thermodynamics have on spontaneous reactions?
Spontaneous reactions increase disorder because as a composition goes through decomposition, it goes from organized to free floating components
Which types of reaction involves the atp coupled process or atp produced?
Endergonic- atp coupled process after broken down and collects the energy
Exergonic- atp produced as it gets energy from the Exergonic reaction
Which reaction is involved with atp formed or adp +p?
Endergonic- atp formed through synthesis
Gibbs free energy equation
Determine relationship between energy variables within chemical reactions through finding the spontaneity of the chemical reaction
What are the 3 main functions of enzymes?
Catalysts, highly specific, affected by high temperature and pH level changes
Are reusable because it isn't used in the reaction and bind to specific substrates
-after binder to substrate, it distorts to fit it
What affect enzymes?
High temperature- break bonds within enzymes
Ex) disulfide bridges to sulfhydryl
Ph changes-an ideal pH in which they function
If too extreme, enzymes can become denatured
Require input of energy
-anabolic (building synthesis)
Energy put in could just be body heat
Release energy into the environment
- spontaneous reactions
Ex) bread in room temp start decomposing starch
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