Phrasal Verbs

It is important to stress the appropriate word in each phrase in order to be understood. Most often it is the second word, even when the phrase has 3 words. I have indicated where it is not the second word.
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Terms in this set (...)

be off
To be cancelled (an event/an arrangement, etc.);
usually used in the present tense
be over
to be finished (an event or activity)
be taken aback
to be surprised and confused (stress the last word; used in the passive)
beat up
to hurt someone badly by hitting and punching.
blow up
to destroy (something or someone) by explosion; to
explode
blow up
to fill with air; to inflate a balloon / a tire / a football, etc.
break down
to stop working (machinery)
break down
to lose control emotionally or mentally
break in
to use a new (or reconditioned) engine carefully until it
is ready for normal use. _____ a motor cycle / a new car / a machine etc.
break into
to enter somewhere (e.g. a house) illegally, especially by
force
break off
to end; to interrupt; to discontinue. _______ talks / negotiations / an engagement / a relationship / an agreement / etc.
break out
to start, usually suddenly (about unpleasant things, e.g. wars, epidemics, fires, violence, etc.)
break out in
to become covered by (something) such as spots / a rash / a cold sweat [stress the 2nd word]
break up
to end; to separate (a marriage / a family / a relationship / etc.)
break up
to stop an activity such as a fight
bring up
to take care of a child until he/she is fully grown and able to
care for himself/herself; to train and prepare a child for adult life.
brush up
to improve your knowledge, skill, or memory of (something you used to know, or do, but have now partly forgotten).
burn down
to destroy with fire (usually buildings)
call off
to cancel something; to abandon something that has already begun, such as an event / an arrangement / an activity / etc. (often
used in the passive)
calm down
to become less excited and tense; to help someone (or a
difficult situation) to become less excited and tense.
carry out
to fulfill or perform (instructions / a duty / an order / a threat / a trial / etc.)
catch on
to become popular (an idea or a style)
check in
to report one's arrival (at a hotel, an airport, etc.)
cheer up
to become happier
come across
to find or meet (something or someone) by chance
come into
to receive something (usually money or property) after someone's death
come to/around/round
to regain consciousness (remember that you must stress the second word in order to be understood)
come up with
to think of; to produce (an idea / a plan / a suggestion / etc.)
cut down on
to reduce in size or amount (smoking / cigarettes / drinking / spending / production / etc.)
cut off
to disconnect, interrupt, or discontinue something or someone
die out
to disappear completely; to become extinct
drop in/pop in
to pay a short visit, often without warning
drop off
to stop a vehicle and let someone get out; to take something (or someone) to a place and leave it there
drop off
to fall asleep (often unintentionally)
drop out
to withdraw from, or stop taking part in (a competition, a social roup, a school, a university, a job, etc.).
fall out
to quarrel
fall through
to fail to happen or be completed (plans, arrangements, schemes, etc.).
fill in
to complete (a form, a questionnaire, etc.)
find out
to make an effort to discover or get to know something (the truth / a secret / an address / the time)
get away
to escape
get away with
to do something wrong or illegal without being punished (usually without even being discovered or caught)
get over
to recover from (an illness / a failure / a difficulty / a shock / etc.)
get through
to successfully make contact with someone (usually by telephone)
get through
to finish; to complete (some work / a task / a book / etc.)
give in
to stop resisting; to surrender
give up
to surrender oneself (usually to someone).
give up
to stop trying to do something (often because it is too difficult).
give up
to stop doing or having (something, such as a habitual activity, smoking, drinking, a job, etc.)
go down
to become less swollen
go off
to explode (bombs); to fire (guns); to ring suddenly (alarms or alarm clocks)
go through
to examine (something)
go with
to match or suit (something) [in this phrase you must stress the first word]
grow up
to develop from a child into an adult
hold on
to wait (especially on the telephone)
hold up
to stop; to delay (usually used in the passive)
hold up
to rob, especially using a weapon (e.g. a gun)
lay off
to stop employing (a worker), often for a short time because there is not enough work (often passive)
let down
to disappoint someone (often by breaking a promise or an agreement)
let off
to excuse (someone) from (a punishment, a duty, or doing something)
let out
to allow (a person or an animal) to leave (a place); to release.
look after
to take care of someone or something
look back
to remember and think about the past.
look down on
to think that someone (or something) is inferior, low or worthless; to disapprove of (someone or something).
look for
to try to find (something or someone), often a thing or person that is lost (in this phrase we stress the verb, not the particle)
look forward to
to think with pleasure about a future event that you expect to enjoy.
look into
to investigate; to carefully examine a situation or event and try to discover the reasons for it.
look over
to examine (someone or something) carefully and completely
look around
to visit and tour a place
look up
to find (or try to find) something (e.g. a word in a dictionary)
look up to
to respect (someone); to admire (someone).
make out
to see, hear, or understand (something or someone), often with difficulty [Often used in negative with can't and couldn't]
make out
to write (a bank check)
make up
to become friends again after a quarrel.
make up
to invent, sometimes with the purpose of deception (a story / a
poem / an excuse / an explanation /etc.)
make up for
to compensate for (a mistake / doing or not doing something / etc.)
mistake for
to think wrongly that (one thing or person) is (another
thing or person). (in this phrase we stress the verb, not the particle)
own up
to tell (someone) that you have done something wrong or that you are at fault ("eat crow").
pass away
to die (usually a person)
pass out
to give (something or things) to each person in a group of people; to distribute (books / papers / etc.)
pass out
to lose consciousness
pick up
to give someone a ride in a vehicle; to collect someone or something (sometimes in a vehicle).
point out
to draw attention to something or someone
put forward
to offer (a proposal / a plan / etc.) for consideration
put off
to delay doing something until a later date; to delay an event or arrangement until a later date.
put on
to dress oneself
put out
to extinguish (a fire)
put through
to connect a telephone caller to the number he or she wants
put up with
to suffer or tolerate (a difficult situation or person) without complaining.
run into
to encounter a person by chance
run out
to use all of (something) and have no more left (coffee / sugar / money / patience / time / etc.)
see off
to say goodbye to someone who is going on a journey at
the place (e.g. airport, station, etc.) where the journey
begins.
set off
to start a journey
soak up
to absorb; to become filled with (a liquid / information / knowledge / etc.)
speak up
to talk louder (often used in the imperative)
stand for
to represent or mean; to be a sign or short form of something else. (in this phrase we stress the verb, not the particle)
take after
to look or be like an older relative
take down
to record in writing (a statement / a telephone number / some
Information / etc.)
take in
to deceive (someone); to cheat (someone) [often used in the passive]
take off
to rise from the ground
take off
to remove anything that is worn on the body (especially
clothes).
take over
to assume responsibility for, or control of (something or a situation) from someone else.
take up
to begin to study, practice, or do (a hobby / a sport / a job / etc.).
tear up
to destroy completely by ripping
tell off
to speak very angrily to someone who has done something wrong (usually used when a person is simply expressing his/her anger rather than trying to help the other person improve)
think over
to consider (something) carefully [a problem / a proposal / a situation / etc.]
try on
to put on an article of clothing to see if it fits and how it looks
try out
to test something (or someone) by using it
turn down
to refuse or reject (something or someone)
turn into
to change into something or someone; to become something or someone
wear off
to disappear gradually
wear out
to use (something) until it becomes unfit for further use; to become unusable after excessive use.
wear out
to tire greatly; to exhaust [often used in the passive]
work out
to solve a problem by calculation or study; to produce a way of dealing with a problem or situation by thinking.