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42 terms

Ch. 5

Connect Questions
STUDY
PLAY
The castes that exist in India are known as....
-Varnas
Which r examples of castes in India?
-Kshatriyas
-Vaisyas
-Sudras
-Brahmins
Which r examples of charismatic authority?
-An inspirational spiritual leader
-A dynamic celebrity activist
Illegitimate power relies upon...
-Force or coercion to generate obedience
The unequal distribution of resources among groups of ppl is called ______.
-Inequality
According to Max Weber, what are the 2 key components of power?
The ability to bring about an intended outcome
-The ability to overcome opposition
A _____ is made up of social structures & cultural norms that create & maintain inequality by ranking ppl into a hierarchy of groups that receive unequal resources.
Stratification system
Which r examples of the 6 bases of power w/in small groups & organizations?
-Coercive power
-Reward power
-Informational power
_______ examined the concept of class in terms of work, _______ looked at class in terms of life chances.
-Marx, Weber
Which is an example of hegemony?
a. A politician trying to demonize a foreign enemy in rallying citizen support for a war.
The estates that comprised a society's major strata in a feudal estate system usually include.....
-Commoners
-The nobility
-The Christian clergy
The prestige attributed to an individual is called _______.
-status
What r the components of stratification according to Max Weber?
-Status
-Class
-Political power
The specific strategies ppl use to influence others in everyday life are called _______ tactics.
-power
Stratification systems based primarily on _______ statuses are said to be open.
-Achieved
Which r examples of achieved statuses?
-College graduate
-Professor
Which strategy of empowerment involves bringing ppl together to identify common goals & work together to achieve them?
-Organization
Which r the key strategies for overcoming opposition?
-Coerce
-Reward
-Persuade
Which is an example of a political use of power?
-Parents setting the rules for how children behave
Which is an example of economic power?
-The gov't. distributing money for various public projects
-Your boss exercising control over departmental supplies
Patriarchy is a stratification system based on _______ status.
-Ascibed
In socialist class systems, the ideology emphasizes....
-The collective good
-Economic equality
The well-known role of _______ as a charismatic leader in the civil rights movement began during the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama.
M.L.K. Jr.
Which r key strategies to increase empowerment?
-Networking
-Organization
-Education
The system of racial segregation in the U.S. can be considered a _______ stratification system.
-Caste-based
The ______ approach to understanding power focuses on overcoming opposition or dominating others.
-Power over
Economic power is significant b/c it enables some ppl to....
-Determine who will receive important resources & how those resources will be used
Prior to the Enlightenment of the 18th century, inequality was viewed....
-As inevitable & often a part of God's will
Which r examples of unequal resrouces?
-Access to important networks of ppl
-Money
-Education
Empowerment is the focus of much ______ scholarship on power.
-Feminist
The most efficient way to maintain a system of inequality is to.....
-Cinvince most ppl that the system is fair, inevitable, or both
In capitalist class systems, the ideology emphasizes...
-Individualism
The "power over" approach to understanding power focuses on...
-Domination
The "power to" approach emphasizes....
-The ability to bring about an intended outcome
Which statements describe the relationship between power & compliance?
-Those w/ power depend upon compliance to maintain their position
-When authorities achieve compliance through coercion, conflict can often lurk beneath the orderly surface of society
______ is male domination through social institutions & cultural practices?
-Patriarchy
_______ Theories of power focus on the capacity of social systems to achieve collective goals.
-Functionalist
Michael Foucault coined the term ______ to show that how we understand & interpret the world both enlightens & restricts us.
-Power/knowledge
Which is an example of cultural power?
-Parents who encourage their children to read certain books
______ Theories point out that power can involve competence & empowerment, rather than just the domination of others.
-Feminist
Those w/ little apparent power can use ______ to great effect in bringing about social change.
-Disobediance
Michael Foucault argued that....
-While power can be oppressive & dominating, it can also have a postive effect