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47 terms

Religions History

Study guide for Religion Test- Intro to Religion, Judaism, Christianity, Islamic.
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anti-Semitism
Prejudice against Jews.
pogrom
violent mob attacks on Jews (massacre)
Holocaust
1939-1945 the organized killing of Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII
Palestine
Israel, Promised Land, Canaan
Zionism/ Zionist
the want for Jews to have their own state or country
Tenakh
Hebrew Bible
Torah
Written by Moses who had a revelation from God and wrote it down: 5 books: 1- Beginning 2- Exodus 3- Leviticus 4- numbers 5- Deuteronomy
Talmud
A Holy book of the Jews
Synagogue/ Temple
Jewish Worshipping place
Rabbi
teacher; leader of Jewish congregation
Bar/ Bat Mitzvah
Comming of age when a Jewish person reacher=s the age of 13
Hebrew
The Jewish language
kosher
Jewish Diet- No: pig meat, eggs, milk of forbidden animals, all blood must be drained or broiled out before eaten, parts of permitted animals may not be eaten, etc...
Sabbath
A day of rest and spiritual enrichment- Saturday
Rosh Hashanah
Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur
Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins
Passover
when the angel of death passes over Egypt killing the first born in each family (tenth plague) except for the Jews who put lamb's blood on their doors so th Angel of death would fly over them. Was the feast for remebering that God brought his people out of slavery in Egypt
seder
symbolic meal eating bitter herbs (bitter times as slaves) lamb's blood(lamb's blood put on doors so angel of death flew over them) unleavened bread(time restrictions before Exodus)
Hanukkah
"The Festival of Light" , jewish festival; celebrates the victory of the jews over the syrians in 165 b.c. and the rededication of the temple for worship
Israel
Promised Land, Palestine, Canaan
Christianity
a religion that developed out of Judaism which is based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Jesus
A teacher and prophet whose life and teachings form the basis of Christianity. Christians believe Jesus to be Son of God and the Messiah.
Christ
In Hebrew, Christ means Messiah, and Christians believe that Jesus is the Christ who was sent from God to save the people.
Christians
People of the Christian faith
disciple
someone who follows the teachings of a master or leader and helps spread those teachings(in this case the followers of Jesus). 12 Disciples are: Andrew, Bartholomew, James, James, John, Judas, Matthew, Peter, Philip, Simon. Thomas, and Matthias.
Jerusalem
the city where Jesus was born, died, and rose from the dead. , A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews., the city David established as the capital of Israel
crucifixion
the death of Jesus upon the Cross, nailing you to a cross untill death
resurrection
A return from death to life (as done by Jesus after crucified)
ascension
(New Testament) the rising of the body of Jesus into heaven on the 40th day after his Resurrection
Bible/ Old Testament/ New Testament
The Christian book of God, old tesament- the first part of the Christian Bible, corresponding to the Jewish Bible, new testament- the second part of the bible; it tells you about the life and teachings of Jesus and about his followers
new testament
"After supper, [Jesus] took another cup of wine and said, 'This wine is the token of God's new covenant to save you - an agreement sealed with the blood I will pour out for you.'"
gospel
written about Jesus' life by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
Trinity
Father, Son, Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
God's spirit that lives in us
church
place of worship and teaching
priest
leader of worship and teaching
Eucharist
the sacrement of Jesus' Body and Blood, truely and really present under the appearances of the bread and wine
baptism
the first of the sacrements of initiation. Usually at this time, the infant has holy water poured on their head and is annointed with chrism. They are then forgiven of Original Sin and have become united with Jesus
confirmation
a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church
Christmas
celebrating the day Jesus was born
Easter
a Christian celebration of the Resurrection of Christ
Lent
tim period of 40 days. prepare for the death and resurrection
parables
what Jesus's stories were typically presented as, in which earthly situations familiar to people of his time and place were used to make a spiritual point
Martin Luther
Young Monk that challenged the Roman Catholic Church
Messiah
The "annointed", the expected king and deliverer of the Jews; a term later aplied by Christians to Jesus
Gentile
Belonging to a people not Jewish.
sacrament
A communal ritual that celebrates grace in our everyday lives.