65 terms

Academic Word List: Sublist 9

Academic Word List (AWL) is a list of words which appear with frequency in English language academic texts. The list was compiled by Averil Coxhead at the Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. The list contains 570 word families, divided into 10 sublists. Sublist 1 consist of 60 most common words in the AWL.
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Terms in this set (...)

Duration
Continuance or persistence in time.
WTR: Span; value; period; length
Erode
To wear (something) away by or as if by abrasion; to eat into
WTR: CORRODE; DIMINISH; DETERIORATE; DECAY
Format
A plan for the organization and arrangement of a specified production.
WTR: appearance; style; design
Ethic
A set of principles of right conduct (moral values)
WTR: value system; system of rules
Found
To establish or set up, especially with provision for continuing existence:
WTR: create; establish; institute; organize
Converse
1) To engage in a spoken exchange of thoughts, ideas, or feelings; talk: 2) reverse in order or action; opposite
WTR:discourse; debate, antonymous; backwards
Device
an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; a plan or plot
WTR: gimmick, design; emblem
Devote
to apply or dedicate (oneself, time, money, etc.) to some pursuit, cause, etc.
WTR: dedicate; commit; pledge, consecrate
Diminish
To make smaller or less or to cause to appear so. WTR: decrease; taper; shrivel; abate
Distort
To twist out of a proper or natural relation of parts; misshape; misrepresent; twisted or in a disorderly manner
WTR: Pervert; deform ; warp; falsify
Commence
to enter upon : begin
WTR: Start; initiate
Confine
something (as borders or walls) that encloses or restrains
WTR: Scope; limit; restriction; prison
Compatible
homogeneous; designed to work with another device or system without modification; in harmony
WTR: agreeable, amicable; unanimous
Controversy
a discussion marked especially by the expression of opposing views
WTR: dispute; quarrel, strife
Concurrent
operating or occurring at the same time; meeting or intersecting in a point
WTR: convergent; parallel; coexistent
Behalf
in the interest of; also : as a representative of
WTR: interest; benefit
Bulk
not divided into parts or packaged in separate units; in large quantities
WTR: Magnitude; body; preponderance
Cease
to cause to come to an end especially gradually : no longer continue
WTR: discontinue; die out; quit
Coherent
logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated : having clarity or intelligibility
WTR: understandable; coordinated; valid; reasonable
Coincide
to correspond in nature, character, or function; to be in accord or agreement
WTR: concur; synchronize
Accommodate
making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances;
WTR: Modification; alteration; habituation
Analogy
two or more things agree with one another in some respects they will probably agree in others
WTR: Inference, similarities, correspondence
Anticipate
to foresee and deal with in advance
WTR: forestall; expect
Assure
to make certain the coming or attainment of; to give confidence
WTR: reassure, convince, guarantee
Attain
to come into possession of;
WTR: gain, obtain, achieve
Inherent
existing as an inseparable part; intrinsic
WTR: innate; built-in; integral
Insight
The act or outcome of grasping the inward or hidden nature of things or of perceiving in an intuitive manner.
WTR: intuition; perception; understanding;
Integral
Possessing everything essential; entire; a whole;
WTR: calculation (fx); built-in; intrisic
Intermediate
One that is in a middle position or state;To act as an intermediary; mediate.
WTR: medium; average; arbitrate; intercede
Manual
A small reference book, especially one giving instructions; of or relating to a hand or hands
WTR: handbook; hand-operating machines
Mature
Having reached full natural growth or development; desired or final condition
WTR: Developed, ripen, grow up; change
Mediate
To resolve or settle (differences) by working with all the conflicting parties; being in the middle position WTR: Negotiate; intercede; arbitrate
Medium
An intervening substance (biology), agency, form through which something is transmitted or carried on WTR: vehicle; instrument; solvent; transmission
Military
of or relating to the armed forces (esp the army), warlike matters, about soldiers
WTR: civilians; soldiers; service
Minimal
Smallest in amount or degree; barely adequate WTR: minimum; smallest; least; littlest
Mutual
experienced or expressed by each of two or more people or groups about the other; reciprocal
WTR: common; shared; joint
Norm
a standard of achievement or behaviour that is required, desired, or designated as normal: In math, means a mode, average, or length of a vector. WTR: criterion, standard, rule, type; benchmark
Overlap
To lie or extend over and cover part of.
WTR: intersection; crossroads; coincide; share
Passive
Accepting or submitting without objection or resistance; submissive:
Chemistry (inert) English ( verb used to indicate subject is the verb) The glass was broken by the boy.
WTR: in active; peaceful; docile; acquiescent
Portion
A section or quantity within a larger thing; a part of a whole.
WTR: to divide; share out; components
Restrain
To deprive of freedom or liberty; To hold back or keep in check; control
WTR: To limit; restrict; prevent; inhibit
Revolution
A sudden or momentous change in a situation; the overthrow or repudiation of a regime or political system by the governed
WTR: drastic change; axial motion
Rigid
1. Not flexible or pliant; stiff.
2. Not moving; fixed.
WTR: strict; intolerant; inflexible
Route
1. A means of reaching a goal
2. customary line of travel. (way) (dosage)
WTR: path; track; road; direct
Sphere
1. A three-dimensional geometric surface having all of its points the same distance from a given point.
2. a particular aspect of life or activity;
WTR: globe, sector/facet; round shape
Subordinate
1. Belonging to a lower or inferior class or rank; secondary.
2. Subject to the authority or control of another. WTR: rank; subdue; submissive
Supplement
1. Something added to complete a thing, make up
for a deficiency, or extend or strengthen the
whole.
2. Math: The angle or arc that when added to a given angle or arc makes 180° or a semicircle. WTR: sequel; continuation; complement; augment
Suspend
1. To bar for a period from a privilege, office, or
position, usually as a punishment:
WTR: to alter; expel; append (remove)
Temporary
Lasting, used, serving, or enjoyed for a limited time; not permanent
WTR: interim; provisional, temp, brief
Trigger
a. The lever pressed by the finger to discharge a
firearm
b. To set off; initiate
WTR: device; activate;
Unify
To make into or become a unit; consolidate.
WTR: combine; merge; converge; intermix; bond
Violate
a) To break or disregard (a law or promise, for example)
b) assault (a person) sexually
WTR: breach; trespass; rape; molest
Vision
a) a field of view; vista
b) To dream
WTR: concept; glance; glimpse; image; perception
Adjacent
1. Close to; lying near; next to
2. (Mathematics) A pair of edges in a graph, meeting at a common vertex
WTR: connected; adjoining; neighboring
Albeit
Even though; although; notwithstanding (conjunction) WTR: though, even if
Assemble
1. to come or bring together; collect or congregate 2. to fit or join together (the parts of something, such as a machine)
WTR: coverge; gather; configure
Collapse
1. To fall down or inward suddenly; cave in.
2. An abrupt failure of function, strength, or health;
a breakdown.
3. An abrupt loss of perceived value or of effect:
WTR: natural event; crumble; disintegration; illness; deflate
Colleague
A fellow member of a profession, staff, or academic faculty; an associate.
WTR: co-worker; associate; companion; comrade
Team
1. To harness or join together as a group
WTR: squad; social unit; league
Scenario
1. An outline or model of an expected or supposed
sequence of events;
2. An outline of the plot of a dramatic or literary work
WTR: situation, sketch;
Preliminary
Prior to or preparing for the main matter, action, or business; introductory or prefatory

WTR: Introduction, initiatory, first, opening
Protocol
A code of correct conduct:
The plan for a course of medical treatment or for a scientific experiment.

WTR: rule, etiquette; manner; procedures
Qualitative
involving or relating to distinctions based on quality or qualities

WTR: Quality; observations; Practical
Refine
To become free of impurities; To acquire polish or elegance; To use precise distinctions and subtlety in thought or speech.

WTR: fine-tune; polish; improve; educate
Relax
1. To take one's ease; rest.
2. To become lax or loose.
3. To become less severe or strict.
4. To become less restrained or tense.

WTR: loosen up; unwind; vegetate