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Terms in this set (44)
This was the first successful colonial independence movement against a European power. 1775-1783.
This was an event that occurred on Monday, March 5, 1770 that helped spark the American Revolution.
Boston Tea Party
This was a political protest by Boston, Massachusetts residents in 1773 against the British parliament led by the Sons of Liberty.
Committee of Correspondence
This was a local government body in the American colonies that coordinated written communication outside of the colony.
Written by Thomas Paine in early 1776, it said that continued American loyalty to Britain would be absurd, and independence was the only rational thing the colonists to do.
Daughters of Liberty
This was the name of the group of colonial women in the 1760s and 1770s that participated in the boycotts against the British following the Townshend Acts.
French and Indian War
(1756 - 1763) also known as the Seven Years War. Britain vs. France for control of North America. The British won, and France no longer was a power on the North American continent.
In response to Boston Tea Party, 4 acts passed in 1774, Port of Boston closed, reduced power of assemblies in colonies, permitted royal officers to be tried elsewhere, provided for quartering of troop's in barns and empty houses.
This is the name given to the boundary established by Britain after the French and Indian War, to the west of which colonists were not to settle.
Proclamation of 1763
This was issued by King George III at the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Year's War to organize Britain's new North American empire. It regulated trade, settlement, and land purchases with the Native Americans. It gave Britain a monopoly on land purchased west of the Appalachians.
This refers to a tax that Charles I of England tried to levy with the consent of Parliament, and only applied only to coastal towns during a time of war to offset the cost of defending the coast.
Sons of Liberty
This group of Patriots was formed in 1765 and urged colonial resistance to the Stamp Act using any means available.... even violence.
This was an Act passed in 1765 by the British, requiring all legal documents, contracts, newspapers, etc. in the American colonies to carry a tax stamp to help pay for the military presence in the colonies.
This is the writer of Common Sense in 1776 and advocate of America's separation from Great Britain.
created the first political cartoon to encourage the colonies to join the war; also had a newspaper
Famous for saying "Give me liberty or give me death!"
He proposed united plea for repeal of Townshend Duties and was a leader of the Sons of Liberty. Also, who organized the Boston Tea Party.
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Stamp Act Congress
Attempted to unite all the colonies against a common enemy (the Stamp Act/Britain), but only achieved having 9 colonies attend.
The Sons and Daughters of Liberty
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Committees of Correspondence
Organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies. They provided the organization necessary to unite the colonies in opposition to Parliament. The committees sent delegates to the First Continental Congress.
After the French and Indian War, colonists began moving westward and settling on Indian land. This migration led to Pontiac's Rebellion in 1763, when a large number of Indian tribes banded together under the Ottawa chief Pontiac to keep the colonists from taking over their land. Pontiac's Rebellion led to Britain's Proclamation of 1763, which stated that colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
In 1770, British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them. Five colonists were killed. The first bloodshed of the Amercan Revolution; depicted as a brutal slaughter in colonial newspapers
Albany Plan of Union
proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies, especially to defend against the French in the French and Indian War; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown (varying levels of independence.)
Peace of Paris
The 1763 Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years War in Europe and the parallel French and Indian War in North America. Under the treaty, Britain won all of Canada and almost all of the modern United States east of the Mississippi.
-raised revenue from the American colonies by a duty in the form of a stamp required on all newspapers and legal or commercial documents.
Colonists response: Colonist became outraged. Form a group called Sons of Liberty to protest the Stamp Act.
(1765) Required colonies to provide food and quarters for British troops. Many colonists saw it as an encroachment on their rights.
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
stated that the British Parliament had the same power to tax in the colonies as it did in Great Britain. Parliament emphasized its authority to make binding laws on the American colonies.
Passed by Parliament in 1767, placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Led to outrage and tons of people boycotted British goods.
Massachusetts Circular Letter
Samuel Adams plea to all colonial assemblies to unite in their protests against the hated Townshend Acts (1767). The British government viewed the letter as a direct challenge to Parliament's authority to rule the colonies ended the legislative session.
Lord North, provided financial relief for the British East India Company, gave the company a gov't loan & canceled import duty on tea, made tea cheaper than Dutch - encouraged Americans to drink East India tea & pay Townshend duty
Applied only to Massachusetts to punish them for Boston Tea Party; closed Boston's port, reduced powers of self-government, allowed royal officers to be tried in England or other colonies, and provided for quartering of British troops in empty houses or barns.
Extended boundaries of Quebec and granted equal rights to Catholics and recognized legality Catholic Church in the territory; colonists feared this meant that a pope would soon oversee the colonies.
Writs of Assistance
Enacted by the British, enforced by customs officers; general search warrant that gave british officials a carte blanche to search civilian property. Meant to enforce Navigation acts, aid British officials in America. Colonists outraged, tensions increase.
Author of the Declaration of Independence
A person who supported the colonists during the American Revolution
colonists who sided and stayed loyal to Britian
First Continental Congress
12 colonial assemblies sent delegates to Philadelphia
-rejected the Intolerable Acts and called for their repeal, make military preparations and boycott against GB to force repeal
-Declaration of Rights and Grievances
-urged the creation of committees in every town to enforce the boycott etc
-if colonial rights were not recognized, a final measure called for a second congress in May 1775
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
petition to the king, demanded the repeal of the Coercive Acts, repudiated the Declaratory Act, stated that British control was limited to matters of trade, If Parliament did not repeal the Intolerable Acts by September 1775, the Congress vowed to cut off all exports to Britain, Ireland, and the British West Indies
Declaration of the Causes and Necessities
urged King George III a second time to consider colonial grievances and was made to explain to the British why the American colonies were now getting involved in a battle, now deemed "The American Revolution
Olive Branch Petition
expressed loyalty to George III and asked for repeal of oppressive parliamentary legislation
Declaration of Independence
Formal pronouncement of independence drafted by Thomas Jefferson and approved by Congress. The declaration allowed Americans to appeal for foreign aid and served as an inspiration for later revolutionary movements worldwide.
Treaty of Paris
1. British would recognize the existence of the US as an independent nation; 2. The Mississippi River would be the western boundary of US; 3. Americans would have fishing rights off Canadian coast; 4. American would pay debts owed to British merchants and honor Loyalist Claims for property taken during the war
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