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128 terms

Chapter 1: Greek Nouns and Adjectives

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abiosis
a state of being without life
acanthocyte
red blood cell with spine like projections
allostery
alteration of shape
analgesic
drug that relieves pain
analgia
state of being without pain
angiostenosis
narrowing of a vessel
antibiotic
a drug opposed to certain microorganisms growth
antitoxin
an angent that works against toxins to neutralize
arteriostosis
arteries being calcified
arthritides
plural of arthiritis
arthritis
inflammation of the joitns
arthrosclerosis
hardsening of a joint
arthrosteitis
inflammation of joints of the bones
biotoxin
poisonous substance produced by a living organism
bradycardia
aslow heart beat
diencephalon
second portionot th ebrain
dysarthrosis
malrformaiton of joint
encephalalgia
deep seated head pain
encephalomalacia
softening of the brain
endoneurium
connective tissue surrounding nerve fibers
endosteum
membrane liining the marrow cavity of a bone
endotoxin
toxin within cell wall of organism
epicardium
innermost layer olf pericardium
epicranium
membrane over the skull
erythrocytosis
increase in red blood cell count
erythroprosopalgia
redness and pain in the face
exocardia
birth defect in which heart is born outside of thoraacic cavity
exotoxin
toxin excreted by bacterium
hemialgia
pain on one side of the body
hypalgesia
a lessened sensitivity to pain
hyperalgesia
a heightened sensitivity to pain
leptocephalia
long and narrow head shape
leukotoxin
toxin that destroys white blood cells
lithiasis
formation of stone or calculus
mesocardia
midline of the thorax (heart location)
nephrolithiasis
formation of a stone in the kidney
neuritis
inflammation of a nerve
ostalgia
pain in a bone
osteometry
study and measurement of teh skeletal system
osteomalacia
softening of bones
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium (sac surrounding the heart)
periosteum
membrane enclosign bones
prosoponeuralgia
nerve pain in the face
scleriasis
progressive hardening of a body part
stenocephaly
narrow head
stereology
study of three dimensional aspectso f shapes
synalgic
referred pain
toxicosis
condition of being poisoned
nephrosclerosis
hardening of a kidney
protobiology
science dealing wiht tiny bacteria
inflammation of the tissues around a blood vessel
periangiitis
softening of the heart muscle
cardiomalacia
hardening of the arteries
arteriosclerosis
pertaining to the heart
cardiac
living together of two organisms
symbiosis
membrane around the heart
pericardium
pertaining to poison
toxic
abnormal narrowing of a passage
stenosis
abnormal rapidity of the heart
tachycardia
severe pain along the course of a nerve
neuralgia
study of the skull
craniology
instrument for estimating the size of calculi
lithometer
congenital absence of one half of the brain
hemicephalus
specialist in the study of bones
osteologist
headache
cranialgia
substance that is poisonous to kidney tissue
nephrotoxin
measurement of a solid body
stereometry
instrument for counting and measuring cells
cytometer
increased heart rate alternating with slow rate
bradytachycardia
white blood cell
leukocyte
acanthocytosis
condition in which one has spiny red blood cells
acardia
congenital absence of the heart
angiitis
inflammation of a vessel or duct
angiocarditis
inflammation of the heart and large blood vessels
angiolith
calculus deposit in wall of blood vessel
angiosclerosis
hardening of walls of vessels and ducts
angiosis
disease of blood vessels
antiarthritic
an agent that helps alleviate inflammation of the joints
anticytotoxin
an agent that counteracts a substance poisonous to cells
antilithic
preventing the formation of calculi, or small stones
arteriolith
a calcium concretion, deposit in an artery wall
arteritis
inflammation of the arteries
arthroneuralgia
pain of jerves of a joint
atoxic
nontoxixc, harmless
cardioangiology
study of the heart and blood vessels
craniomalacia
softening of the bones of the skull
craniosclerosis
thickening of the bones of the skyll
craniostosis
congenital ossification of cranial sutures
cranioclasis
crushing a babys head with forceps
cranioblast
instrument used to crush fetal skull
cytobiology
study of cell life
dysostosis
malformation of bone/bones
ectocardia
congenital displacement of the heart outside of the thoracic cavity
encephalic
located in the brain
encephalolith
a brain calculus
endangiitis
inflamation of the tunica intima of ablood vessel
endangium
inner coat of a blood vessel
endarteritis
inflammation within an artery
endocranium
the dura mater of the brain
erythroleukemia
leukemia of the erythrocytes
erythrotoxin
substance poisonous to red blood cells
exencephalia
disorder in which brain is located outside ot he skulll
encephalosis
disorder of the brain
encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
hemianalgesia
lack of sensibility to pain on one side of the body
hyperalgia
excessive sensitivity to pain
hypologia
diminished speech, sparse verbal output
lithonephritis
inflammation of kidney due to a stone
malacosteon
softening of the bones
mesocephalic
pertaining to the midbrain
monocyte
mononuclear phagocytic white blood cell
nephralgia
kidney pain
neurosclerosis
hardening of nerves
neurotoxin
substance that attacks or damages nerve cells
osteosclerosis
abnormal increase in thickening and density of bone
periarteritis
inflammation of pericardium and vessels
perinephrium
the connective and fatty tissue surrounding the nephroosn
periosteitis
inflammation of tissue around bone
sclerencephalia
hardening of the brain
stenosis
construction or narrowing of a passage
synarthrosis
a type of immovable joint
toxicology
study of toxic substances
toxin
poisonous substance
cyanosis
blue discoloration of a part
anastomosis
a surgical or pathological connection between two passages
exostosis
a bony growth arising from the surface of a bone
aponeurosis
a sheet of tissue connecting muscles to bones
antibiosis
association betwen two organisms in which one is harmful to the other