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86 terms

theater

STUDY
PLAY
How does a theatrical performance differ from a video or a filmed performance?
The theatrical performance is live, with the audience and performers, who are aware of each other and mutually interact in their shared presence
Drama comes from the Greek dran, which means
to do
Which mode of performance acknowledges the audience—as in the case of the nightclub performer who sings, dances, jokes, and responds overtly to applause?
the presentational mode
Which of the following is true of the relationship between the play script and the performance?
The script is a silhouette or outline of the play itself, which fully exists in performance only
The English word for person comes from the Latin word for
mask
Theatre comes from theatron, which means
seeing place
While both theatre and sport are public spectacles, theatre differs from sports activities because
theatre has a pre-ordained ending
The distinctive feature of theatre, which separates it from other arts, is that theatre employs:
impersonation
Live performance is a term that encompasses theatre, film, television and new media
False
Performance is a strictly theatrical phenomenon
False
In classical times, what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience
The actors wore masks
What is our class using as the formal definition of "theatre
That body of artistic work in which actors portray characters in a live performance of a scripted play
Theatre signifies all the following EXCEPT
the stage and backstage spaces
"Play" and "performance" are interchangeable terms
false
A play that dramatizes the key events in the life of a king or head of state, such as Shakespeare's Henry IV, is called:
a history play
In play construction, the single action that initiates the major conflict of the play is called the
inciting incident
The purging or cleansing of the audience's pity and terror at the climax of a tragedy is called:
catharsis
Processions and the Ancient Greek proagon are two examples of ways in which theatre artists publicized their plays in ages past
true
Which of the following is true about the differences between tragedy and comedy?
Tragedy typically deals with great people, whereas comedy deals with ordinary people.
Background information, presented within the play that the audience must possess in order to understand the action of the play is called
exposition
Genre means category or kind.
true
Which one of the following is part of the time-based horizontal axis of dramaturgy
plot
n Western drama, a full-length play has historically been designated as one that
lasts two to three hours, typically
The six components of a play which Aristotle lists, in order of importance, are
plot, character, theme, diction, music, and spectacle
According to Aristotle, it is impossible to break down the elements that make tragedy effective
False
In a Greek play, the lead character that moves the action forward is opposed by a figure called the antagonist.
true
The agreement between the audience and the actor, which includes a whole set of tacit understandings that form the context of playwatching, is called
convention
The final scene, action, or lines in a play devoted to bringing the play to a new level of harmony or understanding, perhaps even resolution, after the climax is called the
denouement
The audience is NOT a part of the definition of conventions of the theatre
false
Aristotle's term for the play's abstracted intellectual content is "thesis."
false
In Greek tragedy, the central character
undergoes a change that leads to his or her demise
Which element describes the play's use of rhythm and sounds, either by way of instrumental composition or the orchestration of such noises as muffled drumbeats, gunshots, special effects, and vocal tones?
music
Which element of drama refers not only to the pronunciation of spoken dialogue but also to the literary nature of the play's text, including its tone, imagery, articulation, and use of such literary forms as verse, rhyme, metaphor, jest, apostrophe, and epigram
diction
The major organization for theatre companies in San Francisco is called
Theatre Bay Area
Comedies that use a more bleak humor in dealing with serious themes are known as
dark comedies
The visual aspect of the play, including the scenery, costumes, lighting, make-up, and the over-all look of the stage are included in the element known as
spectacle
A linear plot proceeds by
the point-to-point storytelling of events linked in chronological, cause-effect continuity
The core element of every play is
action
The quality of a play that refers to a continual stream of information is called progression
false
A play in which events are connected to each other in strict, chronological, cause-effect continuity, and in which dramatic experience attempts to convey a lifelike progression of experience through time, is classified as
continuous in structure and linear in chronology
The quality of stage dialogue that makes it achieve maximum impact when spoken and which requires the playwright to be attentive to the audial shape of language, including the meaning of the dialogue and the rhythm of sound, is called stageability
false
The quality of a play that describes the way the playwright creates a world in which every detail fortifies our insight into the play is called richness.
true
James Barrie's fantastical play Peter Pan deals with characters that are wholly appropriate to their imaginary situation and internally consistent in their actions within the context of the play. Since it may be said to make a picture of a wholly consistent world, this play possesses
credibility
Which of the following is the most accurate statement of the audience's response to the drama?
Intrigue draws us into the world of the play; credibility keeps us there.
A play that relates in some fashion to the current personal concerns of the audience is said to possess gravity.
False
The quality of a play that creates suspense by making us wonder what will happen next is called curiosity.
False
After what era did the image of the playwright move from that of theatrical co-worker to that of the isolated observer and social critic
romanticism
Which playwright has branched out into writing librettos and adaptations of musicals for shows such as Aida and Tarzan?
David Henry Hwang
What aspects of the play do not need to be written at all?
a character's improvisational behavior
Whose plays are noted for intensely realistic writing and almost musical, rhythmic dialogue?
David Mamet
Which New York-born, Louisiana-raised, playwright (b. 1956) wrote a masterpiece of modern drama, Angels in America, which deals with the AIDS crisis, sexuality, gender, and politics?
Tony Kushner
All of the following are signs of good characterization EXCEPT
the character appears as a pawn in the playwright's grand design and exists only to symbolize something
Which quality of character began in realism and grew to become the dominant aspect of the theatrical experience by the mid-twentieth century, most notably in the plays of Chekov, Williams, and Miller
the psychological dimension of character
The playwright's skill at condensing a story that may spans many days or years of chronological time into a theatrical time frame is called
compression
Which of the following is true of playwriting in bygone days?
Playwriting was considered so technically demanding a craft that playwrights spent long in-house apprenticeships as "company men," learning their skills through continual exposure in theatrical rehearsal and performance
Scenes of forced conflict are important because
climactic scenes define a play's structure.
The term "playwright" refers to
person who constructs and composes a play as a wheelwright makes a wheel.
All of the following could be considered contributors to an interesting audible shape to dialogue EXCEPT
well structured grammar
The plays of Tony Kushner look at the hidden violence that can lie beneath seemingly stable human relationships, as in Bash, which is set within the context of the Church of Latter-Day Saints.
False
Which playwright demonstrates a commitment to issues global human rights, as shown in Ruined?
Lynn Nottage
Based off of Bertolt Brecht's Mother Courage, Lynn Nottage's play Ruined transposes the action to a brothel in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
True
A screenwriter, as well as a playwright, Neil LaBute's contribution to today's theatre is a return to highly romantic dialogue, at times written in poetic verse
False
A play that deals with an issue of serious and lasting significance in humanity's spiritual or intellectual life beyond the mere attempt to imitate profundity is said to possess
Gravity
One difference between the playwright in Shakespeare's time and the contemporary playwright is that
the playwright no longer functions as a director but is now considered an independent artist
An independence of thought and vision is perhaps the playwright's most important characteristic.
true
A play in which every character possesses an independence of intention and expression, and whose motivation appears sensible in the light of our general knowledge of psychology and human behavior, possesses
depth of characterization
The playwright works with two fundamental tools:
dialogue and physical action
When a playwright has managed to make every scene, incident, character, and word deliver an impact, he or she has satisfied the dramatic demand for
intensity
This playwright speaks of "two selves, the public and private self, the worlds that people juggle a lot of time just from being out there in the world," and whose works, such as Wrecks, reflect this statement
Neil LaBute
Actors who studies human behaviors from a broad range of historical periods, countries, and social classes, so as to apply them when creating characters from a variety of dramatic styles, demonstrates a technique of the _________ mode of acting
presentational
Why did the Greek actor Polus, when playing the role of Electra, bring the ashes of his dead son onstage with him?
He wanted to cry real tears lamenting the "death" of his character's brother
Which two writers best exemplify the range of difference between external and internal approaches to assuming a character?
Diderot and Stanislavsky
What description best characterizes our current relationship to virtuosity?
It is making a comeback since the heyday of the Method in the mid-twentieth century
The actor's instrument is his or her
body
The term "subtext" refers to
a character's unspoken and undescribed goals
Today, the debate over inside or outside styles of acting
is largely diminished, with Stanislavsky and classical techniques both emphasized
The type of performing that asks the actor to enter the mind of the character being played is
representational acting
The dual meanings of this word explain both its physical, common definition and its more religious meaning, "spirit stimulus
physicality
Which faculty keeps the actor within established bounds and at the same time ensures artistic agility
discipline
In his first published work, Stanislavsky states that the "prime task" of the actors is to
"create the inner life of the character."
What is "The Method?
an American acting style derived from the Russian actor-director Konstantin Stanislavsky's self-proclaimed system
Directed stage actions that are precisely scripted physical behaviors worked out in blocking are called
stage business.
The three main elements of the actor's approach are
goals, tactics, and
researching the style of the play and mode of performance
Which of the following does the director NOT typically look for in an audition?
personal history that exactly matches that of the character
The term mimesis means
mimicry
Konstantin Stanislavsky, founder of the Moscow Art Theatre (1898), said "You must live the life of your character on stage." Which style of acting does this statement describe most closely?
the representational mode of acting