History

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French and Indian War
The conflict between English settlers and the French with their Native American allies.
Battle of Quebec
The British captured the French city of Quebec which was vital to the defense of New France in this battle.
Fort Duguesne
Famous fort built by the French in the Ohio Valley.
Pittsburg
Present day city that sits on the site for which Fort Duguesne was renamed for.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty that ended the conflict between France and Britain and marked the end of the French power in North America.
William Pitt
Leader became head of the British government in 1757 sent the best British generals to help the American colonists during the French and Indian War.
Ohio River Valley
Area that provided a link for the French and their lands in Canada.
Spain and Britain
Two countries controlled most of the land in North America after the French and Indian War.
Spain
Country that gave up Florida to Britain in return for all French land west of the Mississippi River.
George Washington
American general that was sent to build a fort in the Ohio River Valley.
Poniacs War
A war in which the Indian Forces failed to drive the British out of the Ohio Valley.
Proclamation of 1763
Law forbade colonists to settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
Sugar Act
Act in 1764 put a tax on Molasses sold in the American colonies.
Stamp Act
This Act of 1765 taxed legal documents.
Townshend Acts
Act of 1767 taxed goods and permitted legal searches.
Writs of Assistance
Legal document permitting British customs officials to search ships without a reason.
Samual Adams
Colonial leader had a talent of organizing people for protests.
Crispus Attucks
African American sailor that was killed in the Boston Massacre.
Committee of Correspondence
People reported to other colonies about the events in Boston.
Boston Massacre
Event when the British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists, killing several people.
Quartering Act
Act of 1765 required the colonists to provide housing, bedding, candles, and beverages to British soldiers.
Tea Act
1773 Act designed to help the East India Company get out of debt which ruined the American tea trade.
Intolerable Acts
Four harsh laws imposed by Britain to punish Massachusetts.
Quebec Act
Act that set up a government of Canada and protected the rights of French Catholics.
First Continental Congress
Meeting in Philadelphia of delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies. (excluding Georgia).
Militas
People were army of citizens who served as soldiers in the American colonies.
Minutemen
Men that were trained volunteers who were ready to fight at a moment's notice.
Lexington and Concord
These were the first battles of the American Revolution.
Quebec
Act also made lands between Ohio and Missouri Rivers part of Quebec.
Sons of Liberty supported the tea boycott by throwing British tea overboard.
True
The British passed the Intolerable Acts in response to the Boston Massacre.
False... Boston Tea Party
Other colonies could not agree whether or not to support Boston after the passage of the Intolerable Acts.
False.... United to support them.
The British marched on Concord to seize arms and ammunition.
True.
A professional colonial army opened fire on the British on Lexington Green.
False... minutemen.
Why did Britain issue the Proclamation of 1763?
They wanted to stop British settlers from settling on the western frontier. and to protect Indians in the Western lands.
What did the Proclamation of 1763 state?
Colonists could not move West of the Appalachian Mountains.
Why did Parliament pass the Sugar Act?
Britain wanted the colonies to help pay for the debts from the French and Indian War.
What reason did the colonists have for protesting the Stamp Act?
The British did not follow- No taxation, without representation.
What did the Townshend Acts create?
Used legal documents known as the Writs of Assistance.
Why did colonies protest being taxed by Britain?
They believed only there elected representatives could tax them.
Why did the Tea Act anger many colonists?
It allowed Britain to sell tea directly to the colony instead of to the Tea Merchants.
Why did the French and English go to war?
they wanted to move Westward into the Ohio RIver Valley because of power.
Which country won the French and Indian War?
Britain, by capturing forts.
What were the terms of the Treaty of Paris?
Britain gained Canada, and all of the French land East of the Mississippi river, talked about France, they were able to keep two Islands off of the Golf of St. Lawrence.
What were the terms of the Proclamation of 1763?
The colonist could not move west of the Appalachian Mountains.
What was the name of the first French colony in North America?
Quebec in 1603.
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