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innermost sanctuary of a building housing the place where, in a temple with an oracle, the orcale's message was delivered
an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
Greek, "commensurability of parts." Polykleitos's treatise on his canon of proportions incorporated the principle of symmetria.
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
a Roman order that combines the Corinthian acanthus leaves with the spiral scrolls of the Ionic order
located on eastern Mediterranean coast; invented the alphabet which used sounds rather than symbols like cuneiform
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Leader in Athens during its Golden Age, patron of the arts encouraging public images of peace, prosperity, and power. Convinced the people to rebuild the Acropolis to honor Athena.
Roman general and dictator. He was murdered by a group of senators and his former friend Brutus who hoped to restore the normal running of the republic.
Emperor of Rome and founder of the Flavian dynasty who consolidated Roman rule in Germany and Britain and reformed the army and brought prosperity to the empire
The Sanctuary of Hera and Zeus near Olympia
site dedicated to the worship of Zeus, in whose honour Pan-Hellenic Games were held every four years from 776 BCE to 393 CE.
Roman city near Naples, Italy, which was buried during an eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79.
a comune and town in the province of Naples, Campania, located in the Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio under the slopes of Mount Vesuvius, known for the fruit and vineyards of Lacryma Christi del Vesuvio.
cult of Dionysus
cult based on Dionysus, had many rituals involving orgies and drinking, later transitioned to a more civilized cult
Ruling Etruscan family of Rome, Very cruel, enslaved people to make their lives comfortable
a series of three wars between Rome and Carthage, resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance in the western Mediterranean
pelike and stamnos
The three main types of Greek painted vase decoration are called:
"Wild goat style"
modern term describing vase painting produced in the east of Greece, namely the southern and eastern Ionian islands, between circa 650 to 550 BCE.
term used to describe the position of columns set between two walls as in a portico or cella
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