Chapter 1: Global Health
Terms in this set (30)
Was on the verge of being eradicated by 2005, but then a rumor got around in Northern Nigeria that this disease was causing sterility. This caused the disease to spread to Yemen, Sudan, and Indonesia.
760,000 people in __________ have HIV.
35 million people living with HIV worldwide. Countries Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, in which about one quarter of the adults are HIV positive.
What has the spread of HIV triggered an increase worldwide in?
Country with highest number of people with diabetes?
Pacific Island of Nauru
Highest percentage of people with Diabetes? (31% of adults)
148 per 1000 kids/48 per 1000 kids
Death rate of children under 5 from 1950 to 2012
Life expectancy for world from 1950 to 2010
What disease has been eradicated
Has been eradicated in all but a few countries
went from being concentrated largely in Southeast Asia and the coast of South America but now is seen in 5 continents.
Life expectancy in Sierra Leone
Health (WHO definition)
_______ is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely absence of disease or infirmity.
Public Health (C.E.A. Winslow)
The science and the art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting physical health and mental health and efficiency through organized community efforts toward a sanitary environment; the control of community infections; the education of the individual in principles of personal hygiene; the organization of medical and nursing service for the early diagnosis and treatment of disease; and the development of the social machinery to ensure to every individual in the community a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health.
Public health vs. medicine
public health approach is the focus in public health on the health of populations rather than on the health of individuals.
Global health (U.S. institute of Medicine)
Health problems, issues, and concerns that transcend national boundaries and may best be addressed by cooperative actions.
places a priority on improving health and achieving equity of care in health for all people world-wide. emphasizes transnational health issues, determinants and solutions, involves many disciplines with band beyond the health sciences and promotes interdisciplinary collaboration.
Implies a global perspective on public health problems. Issues are generally addressed through cooperation. Conflicts, natural disasters, and humanitarian emergencies
Six World Bank Regions
Africa, East Asia and Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, Latin America and Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, and South Asia
World Bank Regions
Africa, The Americas, South-East Asia, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Western Pacific
Organization For Cooperation and
An International organization that helps different governments to collaborate in order to tackle economic, social and governance challenges of the globalized economy
Millennium Development Goals
There are 8 MDGs and 15 core targets. All relate to health. Pledge to meet by 2015.
Sustainable Development Goals
New set of global development goals that will build on the MDGs
smallpox eradication: 1960s
affecting 10 million to 15 million people of whom almost 2 million died each year
Symptoms include death, deep pitted scars, and blindness as a result of their illness.
Smallpox eradication: intervention
A vaccine against smallpox was created by Edward Jenner in 1798.
Later a breakthrough came in the form of a bifurcated needle.
Resources focused on counting outbreaks by speedily seeking out new cases, isolating new cases, and focusing vaccination efforts around new cases
Smallpox Eradication: The impact
first disease to be eradicated in 1980
98 million spent by national donors
200 million spent from endemic countries.
Smallpox Eradication: Lessons Learned
Success in individual countries hinged on having someone who responsible, preferably solely, for the eradication effort. Flexibility in program design is important. Immunization programs could vaccinate people with more than one vaccination at a time.
Ideal Eradication Conditions
bi reservoirs, distinctive rash, survivors gain lifetime immunity, severity lead people with it to take to bed and not spread to others.
Global health challenges that need to be addressed?
HIV, malnourishment, communicable disease in Subsaharan Africa, death during birth, death rate under 5, TB, and malaria.
Why everyone should be concerned with global health
global society- world shrinking