LLT 121 Unit 2
Terms in this set (83)
Social rite, City Dionysis. Religious event in late March honoring Dionysis. Funded by wealthy.
Winkler's Theory of Tragedy
Archons (public officials) select 3 tragedians (rich men) to compete and assigns each a producer. All male cast of military age.
3 Part Structure of Songs in Tragedy
Strophe, Antistrophe, Epode
Roman Name Jupiter. Sky god honored on Tuesdays, shrined at Olympia & Dodona, god of prophecy. Eagle, aegis (shawl), thunderbolt. Sacred xenia (guest friendship/hospitality when traveling for protection)
Seducer and abusive husband.
Zeus's Wives and Lovers
Metis (Daughter Athena), Themis (children Horae "Seasons" and Moaerae "Fate"), Eurynome (child Graces), Mnemosyne (child Muses), Dione (child Aphrodite), Demeter (child Persephone), Leto (children Apollo and Artemis)
Roman Name Juno. Earth mother. Guardian of marriage. Wife of Zeus. Children with Zeus: Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus
Roman Name Neptune. Sea god, earth shaker, earth husband.
Wife = Amphitrite
Triton = Son
Shrine at Sounion.
Stallions and bulls, sea creatures, trident.
Child Arion with Demeter
Child Pegasus with Medusa
Child of Zeus by Oceanid Leto. Phoebus (shining one) Far-striker. Main god of prophecy, archer of plague and purification. Centers at Delos and Delphi. Master of Lyre and song.
Lyre competition w/ Marsyus.
Loved by Apollo, Gave fiery birth to Asclepius after rejecting Apollo and having affair
Loved by Apollo, laurel tree
Grain of sand life story, grew old, locked in cage. Loved by Apollo
Roman Name Mercury. Daughter of Atlantid Maia (daughter of Atlas, Titan). Messenger, guardian of travelers, tricksters, thieves. Praxiteles sculpture. Guide of souls, psychopomps. Slayer of argus. Child Pan.
Pluto. Guardian of dead. Husband of Persephone.
Homeric hymn to Hermes
Child prodigy kills tortoise and makes first lyre out of its shell. Rustles Apollo's cattle, rustles them backwards. Apollo catches him and brings him to Zeus for punishment.
Roman Name Diana. Child of Zeus. Virgin Goddess, Huntress. Mistress of beasts, Potnia theron. Punishes hunters, protector of animals. Cult centers at Ephesus, Braurun in Attica, Troezen near Attica.
At Brauran - Worshipped by young girls, Sacred dance dressed as animal young. Surrogate sacrifice.
At Troezen - worshipped by women at eve of marriage "rite of passage" to womanhood.
Adversaries & admirers Niobe, Actaeon, Callisto, Orion.
Said she was better mother than Artemis's mother. Artemis and Apollo slay all children but one to even score.
Great hunter devoted to Artemis. Accidentally sees her bathing, she punished him by changing him to a deer and killed by his dogs.
great hunter. Either raped Artemis follower or attempted to rape her. She struck him and sent him into heavens.
Devoted follower. "Most beautiful/fair" Zeus dressed as Artemis to seduce her, impregnates her, so she has broken rules of chastity community and is cast out. Gives birth. Hera turns her into a bear. Her son grows up to be a hunter, tries to kill her. Zeus sends them both to the heavens and Callisto becomes big dipper.
Artemis as trivia
"at a crossroads" 3 gods joined one. Model of syncretism. Selene (moon goddess), Eileithyia (birth goddess), and Hecate (black magic goddess)
Roman name Venus. Born at Cyprus. Praxiteles statue thought of as invention of porn. Child of Uranus born from seafoam. Lover Ares/Mars (god of war), husband Hephaestus. Worshipped with sacred prostitution.
garden god, child of Pan and Aphrodite. Uses huge dick as weapon against garden intruders.
Rejects sexuality. Prays to Aphrodite. Statue came to life. Has child Pathos with statue.
Rosin of a tree. Descendent of Pygmalion and statue. Fell in love w/ her father, consummated, he tries to kill her. She runs away and prays for deliverance. transformed into myrrh tree. Gives birth to Adonis from tree trunk.
Child of Myrrh. Aphrodite falls in love with him.
Roman Name Vulcan. Husband of Aphrodite. God of fire, metal-working, and manly crafts. Rival Prometheus.
Roman Name Mars. God of war. Father of Phobos, Harmonia, Eros, Cupid.
Affair w/ Aphrodite.
Roman Name Ceres. Grain mother at Eleusis. Mother of Persephone by Zeus.
Roman name Vesta. Stay home hearth tender.
Roman name Minerva. Virgin goddess of welfare and strategy, weaving and women's crafts. Child of Metis by Zeus. Favorite daughter of Zeus.
Has his aegis, armor. Protector of heroes. Great festival at Panathenaea honored with woven peplos. Challenged by Arachne with weaving, she changed her into spider.
traded lyre to his brother to pay for the stolen cattle
called Parthenos and Pallas, she bears father's aegis
Master of lyre and leader of muses/song
God of prophecy, archery, music, known to romans by same name
Diana. Virgin goddess of the hunt
Bacchus. god of wine and ecstatic experience
archer of plague and purification
Pluto (or Dis) lord of dead
Ceres. Goddess of grain and harvest.
Mercury, messenger god.
shrines at Olympia and Dodona
guardian of travelers, tricksters, thieves
Vulcan, god of fire and forge
lady of the beasts, potnia theron.
child of Maia by Zeus, guide of souls
sacred to him are stallions and bulls
child of Uranus, or of Zeus by Dione
Child of Metis, born from brow of Zeus
Sumerian Innana, Babylonian Ishtar
Centers at Delos and Delphi at Mt. Parnassus
Minerva, goddess of wisdom and war and strategy
his priestess is the Pythia, motto know yourself
Indo-European sky god honored on Tuesday
worshipped at Troezen by Hippolytus
Juno, queen of gods, protector of marriage
honored with woven peplos at midsummer Panathenaea
Earth mother at Argos
Invented lyre from tortoise shell
Jupiter, sky god, king of gods.
loved Cassandra and Sybil, gifted them with prophecy
doomed hunters Orion and Actaeon
wed to Amphitrite, fathered Triton
Mother of Persephone by Zeus
Earth shaker, sired Arion by Demeter
ill-matched husband of Aphrodite
husband and abductor of Persephone
Mother of Hermaphroditus and Priapus
Arachne challenged her at weaving and was changed to a spider
by Oceanid Leto fathered Apollo and Artemis
Loved Anchises and bore him Aeneas
Marsyus challenged him at music and lost his skin
His most tragic love Coronis gave fiery birth to Asclepius
Daphne rejected him but her laurel leaves are his victor's wreath.
by Medusa sired winged horse Pegasus
had an affair with Aphrodite, caught in the act by Hephaestus
she granted Pygmalion's unusual request
Loves of Apollo
Cassandra and Sibyl- gave them prophecy
Daphne- rejected him, her laurels are victor's wreath
Hyacinth-killed accidentally by thrown discus
Coronis- gave fiery birth to Asclepius
Enemies of Artemis
Niobe- mother challenge
Actaeon- saw her bathing, changed to deer, killed by dogs
Orion- raped follower or attempted rape of the goddess. sent to heavens.
Callisto- devoted follower, deceived by Zeus, bore child, turned to bear, sent to heavens.
"place of the virgin" temple to Athena on the Acropolis at Athens.
Know plot and characters of Prometheus Bound see notes
Know plot and characters of Prometheus Bound see notes
Annual festival for Athena at Athens where the Iliad and Odyssey were performed.