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45 terms

The Bible as Literature

Review for Final
STUDY
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Bible
Comes from an anthology - different texts and times
Homogenizes
blends it so you can't see the difference
Redocked
edited together
Anthropomorphism
God has a man's shape; Anthropos - man; Morph - Shape
Anthropopathism
attributing human emotions to things; EX: following bears in animal planet and saying they're sad
Hypotaxis
subordination; no specific order
Parataxis
the placing together of sentences, clauses, or phrases without a conjunctive word or words
Yetzer
imagination
Vayetzer
making
Eteology
something that tries to explain why things are the way they are; The Tower of Babel and the fragmentation of language
Narrative Doubling
how things happen twice; Attributing them to different traditions
Type Scene
a certain kind of recurrent narrative structure that appears repeatedly but with differences; Betrothal, Annunciation, Naming
Fraternal Conflict
acts of violence between brothers
Intertextuality
how texts talk to each other; the bible reads itself; we understand it through repetition
Inter Biblical Exegeses
the bible reads itself through images
Exogamous Relationship
deals with the power of a group
Theophany
epiphany of God
Leutrate Marriage
if a man marries a woman and dies before he can have a child, his next in line should marry his widow and name it
Theophany
capable of seeing God
Apotropova
something that is used magically to ward off evil (turning danger away)
Deuteronomy
Second Law; Deutero - Second (in order), Nomas - Law
Theodicy
Theos - God, Dilce - Justice
Septuagint
it renames the books of the bible; a Greek version of the Hebrew Scriptures that dates from the 3rd century B.C., containing both a translation of the Hebrew and additional and variant material, regarded as the standard form of the Old Testament in the early Christian Church and still canonical in the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eschatology
study of the last; any system of doctrines concerning last, or final, matters, as death, the Judgment, the future state
Pseudopigrapha
falsely attributed writing
Presumptive
defines properties that a poem has to define poetry; criteria
Descriptive
applying it to something that might not be poetry; assumption
Allegory
an extended metaphor
Aphorism
cryptic statement(s)
Good News
Gospel
Parable
a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson
Gospel
story of one person
Synoptic Gospel
follow the same structure and narrative language; Mathew, Mark, and Luke
Typology
reads the Old Testament as shadow interpretations of the New Testament
Samaritans
mixed race that the pure bloods did not like so they were cast out; made compromises with outsiders when they were told not to do so
Petrine Christianity (Peter)
kept the old traditions
Pauline Christianity (Paul)
thought the old traditions didn't matter
Pseudonymous
bearing a false or fictitious name
Teleology
belief in or the perception of purposeful development toward an end
Liminality
on the threshold; on the boundary (Moses and Ruth)
Primogeniture
the state or fact of being the firstborn of children of the same parents
Pentateuch
the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Means "five books" or "five tools" also known as Torah
Yahweh
one of the names of God found in the Hebrew Bible; like "Jehovah" it is formed from the Tetragrammaton YHWH, with vowels added. In many English language Bibles it is written LORD (all capital letters). In OT source criticism, Yahweh is distinguished from another common name for God, "Elohihm," and considered as a marker of which hypothetical source each part of the Pentateuch comes from
Text type
a group of ancient manuscripts with many characteristics in common, presumably because of their having been copied in close proximity to one another. Grouping the thousands of ancient manuscripts into "text types" allows scholars to discuss variations in more general terms than would be possible if each manuscript were treated as a unique entity
Tanak
the Jewish Bible, also called the Hebrew Bible. The word Tanak is an acronym: TaNaK, for the three major types of writing in the Hebrew Bible, arranged in order: Torah, Nevi'im (the Prophets) and Ketuvim (the Writings)