30 terms

Elements & Principles of Interior Design: Line, Point, Form, and Shape

Exam 2 Section 1 Introduction to Elements & Principles of Design Element of Design - Line, Point, Form and Shape
STUDY
PLAY
Pointalism
whole painting made of dots
Point
has no dimension
single position in a space or surface without length or width
creates texture
Line
line weights are important in drafting of construction, used to express relationships, vertical, horizontal, zigzag, curved, diagonal, used as pattern or structure, controlling where people look or move, emphasized with light, repetition in architecture, communicate clearly, graphically (construction documents), silhouette.
1D stroke that is greater in length than width
provides graphic order
properties of length, direction, and position, thick, thin, segmented, dashed, or dotted
Draws the eye
creates rhythm and order in a space
Vertical Line
Denotes resistance to force gravity (height, columns, drapes, strength)
Formal, provides visual balance
Horizontal Line
Alter viewers perception of size of space, tends to focus on lower portion of wall/room (counter tops, solidity, masculinity, parallel to earth's horizon, furniture, architectural elements, grounding)
Sense of calm and stability, associate with horizon or floor
Curved Line
electrical, exciting, feminine, movement, moderate, restful, stairwells, rainbow
Diagonal Line
action, psychic tension, dynamic, feeling of instability and threat (if not used used appropriately), stairs, vaulted ceilings
Structural Lines
hold design together, delicate or bold
Contour Lines
sketch, shape of an object, interior detail (imply shape)
Shed Roof
Peaked
Gable Roof
Comes to a peak, where the siding goes all the way up
Saltbox Roof
One side is shorter than the other
Gambrel Roof
Mansard Roof
Angled to a flat top
Hipped Roof
4 sided to a line point
Federal Roof
Georgian Roof
Flat Roof
Flat, basically nonexistent roof
Contemporary/Modern Roof
Shape
Geometric or organic
properties of orientation and position within composition or space
2D made up of lines
individual indentity to a form
outer contour
Form
Shapes with dimension
volume and mass
Express width, length, and depth
form is 3D and can include points, lines, shapes and planes
ex) spheres, pyramids, cylinders, cones, boxes
forms have the properties of surface, orientation, and position
Human form, man-made
Nature (animals, vegetables, minerals, etc.)
circle
unity, femininity
triangle
stability, energetic
square
formal, regularity, tranquility
Geometric Shape
Regular shapes
ex) circle, square, triangle, etc.
Organic (Natural) Shape
nature-animal or print
no definitive shape
amorphous, biomorphic, zoomorphic, botanical
naturalistic, stylized, abstract
Rectangle
dominant, unity and stability, easy to work, most common in architecture
Line
Masculinity
Solid Form
positive
Void Form
Negative

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