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60 terms

CH. 9 GML

STUDY
PLAY
Of the following projects, New York City's commercial ascent was owed chiefly to
the Erie Canal
What 1793 invention spurred the rise of the Cotton Kingdom and fueled demand for slaves?
cotton gin
WOTF was nota significant trend to American thought during the market revolution?
a belief that one's spiritual salvation was purely a matter of chance
Early New England textile mills relied largely on the labor of
women and children
Which was not an aspect of women's changing role in the context of the expansive and dynamic growth of the market economy in 19th century America?
In the new, competitive, capitalist marketplace, women were to grow increasingly into captains of industry, becoming leaders of some of the nation's most important idustiries.
America's first successful factory was established in 1790 by
Samuel Slater at Pawtucket, Rhode Island
"Manifest Destiny" was
that the United States had a God-given mission to expand westward.
The 1825 completion of the 363-mile Erie Canal connected
the Great Lakes with New York City
Chicago's spectacular growth between 1830 and 1860 was principally due to
railroads
"Slave coffles...became a common sight." Define "coffles"
groups chained to one another
Which was not an element of the Second Great Awakening?
It emphasized predestination and the importance of each soul as being in the hands of an angry God
The court case in which it was held that workers' unions are not illegal was
Commonwealth v. Hunt
WOTF series of events is listed in proper sequence
work begun on Ntion Road; steamboat introduced on Mississippi River; work begun on Erie Canal; work bejun on Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
American industrializatin first took off in
New England
What effect did the Embargo of 1807 have on manufacturing in teh United States
Stimulated its growth
WOTF destroyed Henry Dvaid Thoreau's commune with nature?
a train
WOTF was not a key difference between traditional artisan production and the new factory system?
Artisans generally labored under closer supervision than did factory workers
WOTF was not a mounting source of concern over the effects of the market revolution
America's failure to attract many newcomers from Europe
The Second Great Awakening was
a popular religious revival that swept the country in the early 1800s
The "American system of manufactures"
was the mass prduction of interchangeable parts into rapidly built, standardized products
During the first half of the 1800s, the US economy experienced explovsive growth in output and trade, and a rise in the standard of living for millions of Americans... Historians call this new economy
the market revolution or market economy
Democracy in America was written by
Alexis de Tocqueville
WOTF was not an innate characteristic of women, according to the "cult of domesticity"?
analytical insight
For Ralph Waldo Emerson, freedom was
an open-ended process of self-realization by which individual could remake themselves
WOTF was not a feature of westward expanison during the early to mid-1800s
Cities had no significant presence in the expanding West.
Ralph Waldo Emerson was which of the following
a transcendentalist
Which was not an innovation associated with the market revolution of the first half of the nineteenth century?
telephones
In the period between 1820 and 1840, what two staes combined saw the biggest spresad (increase) in cotton cultivation?
Louisiana and Mississippi
The market revolution swept over the us
true
Ely Whitney's invention of the cotton gin improved the lives of millions of Afro american
false
The largest group of immigrants to the US druing the 1840's and 1850s came from ireland
true
free blacks were largely denied access to the material
true
THe market revolution in teh 19th century US produced dynamic
true
According to alexis de tocqaueville americans believed that they were the only enlightened
true
in the 19th century barred from schools and other failities free balck americans consturcted their own institutional life
true
by the 1840s most working people outside the south toiled in large factories
false
druing the 1820s and 1830s an emergent labor movement began voicing concerns about harsh working conditions
true
Expanding networks of toll roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads were essential
true
Cincinnati was known as Porkoplis beacuse of its slaughterhouses, in which hundreds of thousands of pigs were butchered each year
true
In Thoreau's view the market revolution degraded both ppls values and the natural environment
true
Ralph Waldo Emerson was the author of Walden
False
Cotton gin was a begerage invented by Eli Whitney
false
in the 19th century a married women could not legally sign independent contracts
true
from the 1830s to the 1850s americans were largely a sedentary lot who lived out their lives in the locale in which they were born
false
THe distribution of wealth was fairly een in teh 19th century us
false
Some women served as preachers in the african methodist episcopal church
true
As a consequence of the expansive grouth inteh US economy associated with the market revolution
false
Industrialization a key element in the dynamic and expaniseve growth of the market economy
true
with the market revolution the artisanal workshop gave way to relentless pressure for greater output and lower wages
true
There was a rapid decline in teh birthrate during the course of the 19th century such that from average of seven children per family
true
The Supreme Court did little to promote the entrepreneurial agenda of the market revolution
false
Workingmen formed politicial parties in the late 1820s and among the goals of these ephemeral
true
The common 19th century view was that men are naturally aggressive, rational, and domineering
true
The rise of the corportation was crucial to the success fo the market economy
True
In Commonweatlh v Hunt Massachusetts chief justic lemuel shaw decreed that there was nothing inherently illegal in workers organizing a union of a stike
false
Millions of Americans llives were improved by the 19th century market revoluiton
true
With the second great awakening amerian christianity became more hierarchical and out of touch with the common folk
false
Americans early factories drew largely upon the labor of women and children
true
For the expending middle class it became a badge of respectability for wives to remain at home
true
Henry David Thoreau held the view that people were being stifled by modern society and trapped in boring dead-end jobs by their obessive desire to earn money
true