is a word that names something: a person, a place, a thing, or an idea
is a word used in place of a noun, I, you, she, it, which, that, themselves, whoever, me, she, they, mine, ours.
is a word that expresses action or state of being. Examples: run, carried, declared, is, are, seemed
describes or modifies a noun or a pronoun
describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. tells how, when, where, why, how often or how much
is a word (or group of words) that shows a relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. That's a bit vague. Another way to think of prepositions is to picture a boat with an anchor. The anchor could be on the boat, below the boat, in the boat, behind the boat or beyond the boat.
connects individual words or groups of words. Examples include: and, but, or, yet, so, neither, whether, after, although, before, unless, when and while.
To separate the elements in a series: Their flag is red, yellow, green and blue.
To connect two independent clauses joined by a conjunction: They went to the fair, and Paul and Wanda decided volunteer for the dunk tank.
To set off introductory elements: The following morning, the team boarded the bus for the long trip home.
To set off parenthetical elements: The admission of guilt, offered without any prompting, sealed his fate.
connects two or more closely related independent clauses - or, to put it more simply, it connects related thoughts.
is used in contractions, to form some plurals and to form possessives.
expresses a complete thought. There are four kinds of sentences
Four types of sentences
declarative sentences make statements; interrogative sentences ask questions; imperative sentences make commands; and exclamatory sentences communicate strong emotion or surprise.
is the part of the sentence about which something is said
is the part of the sentence that shows action or says something about the subject.
s an organized collection of related sentences - a mini-essay, in a sense.
can be logical links in content or formal words and phrases such as however, although, meanwhile, moreover, also, in fact, for this reason, therefore, for example, in addition, etc.
A topic sentence
tells your readers what your paragraph is about. A formula for writing good topic sentences: An interesting subject + A specific feeling about the subject = An effective topic sentence.
An expository paragraph
presents facts, gives directions and otherwise informs readers.
A descriptive paragraph
presents a single clear picture of a person, a place, a thing or an idea.
A narrative paragraph
tells a story
expresses an opinion and tries to convince the reader that the opinion is valid.
Many grammatical errors can be avoided - and flow improved - by reading your written work aloud and listening for the sound. This is called
Writing by ear
Words at the beginning of sentences in a piece of writing should be
A group of words that include a subject and predicate.
A sentence lacking a subject or a verb or doesn't create a complete thought.
Paragraphs are connected by
What word should be used instead of a lot?
is a piece of wood.
Is to not have any interest in a subject.
Major or important
A building or money
PRON - CHOZ - and is the past tense of the word choose ( CHOOZ).
To stop living
Change the color of something
Refers to distance
Refers to additional time, quantity or degree.
Is the possessive form of it.
A comma splice
contains two main clauses illegally joined by a comma.
What are the top two ways to fix a comma splice?
Make two complete sentences or use a comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOY)
FANBOY stands for...
For And Nor But Or Yet
What are the three essential elements of a sentence?
Subject - Verb - Complete Thought
What are the top two ways of fixing a fragment?
Adding a main clause or subject or connecting the fragment to a main clause.
Often times fragments begin with ...
Because, Until, Even though, After, Although, Since, Though