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47 terms

Grammar

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Noun
is a word that names something: a person, a place, a thing, or an idea
pronoun
is a word used in place of a noun, I, you, she, it, which, that, themselves, whoever, me, she, they, mine, ours.
verb
is a word that expresses action or state of being. Examples: run, carried, declared, is, are, seemed
adjective
describes or modifies a noun or a pronoun
adverb
describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. tells how, when, where, why, how often or how much
preposition
is a word (or group of words) that shows a relationship between its object and another word in the sentence. That's a bit vague. Another way to think of prepositions is to picture a boat with an anchor. The anchor could be on the boat, below the boat, in the boat, behind the boat or beyond the boat.
conjunction
connects individual words or groups of words. Examples include: and, but, or, yet, so, neither, whether, after, although, before, unless, when and while.
A comma
To separate the elements in a series: Their flag is red, yellow, green and blue.
A comma
To connect two independent clauses joined by a conjunction: They went to the fair, and Paul and Wanda decided volunteer for the dunk tank.
A comma
To set off introductory elements: The following morning, the team boarded the bus for the long trip home.
A comma
To set off parenthetical elements: The admission of guilt, offered without any prompting, sealed his fate.
A semicolon
connects two or more closely related independent clauses - or, to put it more simply, it connects related thoughts.
An apostrophe
is used in contractions, to form some plurals and to form possessives.
A sentence
expresses a complete thought. There are four kinds of sentences
Four types of sentences
declarative sentences make statements; interrogative sentences ask questions; imperative sentences make commands; and exclamatory sentences communicate strong emotion or surprise.
A subject
is the part of the sentence about which something is said
A predicate
is the part of the sentence that shows action or says something about the subject.
A paragraph
s an organized collection of related sentences - a mini-essay, in a sense.
Transitions
can be logical links in content or formal words and phrases such as however, although, meanwhile, moreover, also, in fact, for this reason, therefore, for example, in addition, etc.
A topic sentence
tells your readers what your paragraph is about. A formula for writing good topic sentences: An interesting subject + A specific feeling about the subject = An effective topic sentence.
An expository paragraph
presents facts, gives directions and otherwise informs readers.
A descriptive paragraph
presents a single clear picture of a person, a place, a thing or an idea.
A narrative paragraph
tells a story
persuasive paragraph
expresses an opinion and tries to convince the reader that the opinion is valid.
Many grammatical errors can be avoided - and flow improved - by reading your written work aloud and listening for the sound. This is called
Writing by ear
Words at the beginning of sentences in a piece of writing should be
Varied
Clause
A group of words that include a subject and predicate.
Fragment
A sentence lacking a subject or a verb or doesn't create a complete thought.
Paragraphs are connected by
transitions
What word should be used instead of a lot?
Many
Board
is a piece of wood.
Bored
Is to not have any interest in a subject.
Capitol
Major or important
Capital
A building or money
Chose
PRON - CHOZ - and is the past tense of the word choose ( CHOOZ).
Die
To stop living
Dye
Change the color of something
Farther
Refers to distance
Further
Refers to additional time, quantity or degree.
it's
it is
its
Is the possessive form of it.
A comma splice
contains two main clauses illegally joined by a comma.
What are the top two ways to fix a comma splice?
Make two complete sentences or use a comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOY)
FANBOY stands for...
For And Nor But Or Yet
What are the three essential elements of a sentence?
Subject - Verb - Complete Thought
What are the top two ways of fixing a fragment?
Adding a main clause or subject or connecting the fragment to a main clause.
Often times fragments begin with ...
Because, Until, Even though, After, Although, Since, Though