Terms in this set (62)
Battle of Tours
also called the Battle of Poitiers and, by Arab sources, the Battle of the Palace of the Martyrs was fought in an area between the cities of Poitiers and Tours, in north-central France, near the village of Moussais-la-Bataille, about 12 mi northeast of Poitiers
is strict—its main theme being absolute obedience to the Abbot
was an epidemic of bubonic plague, a disease caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis that circulates among wild rodents where they live in great numbers and density.
also known as Charles the Great or Charles I was King of the Franks.
Charles Martel was a Frankish statesman and military leader who, as Duke and Prince of the Franks and Mayor of the Palace, was de facto ruler of Francia from 718 until his death
Charles VII, called the Victorious or the Well-Served, was a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1422 to his death
a Paleo-Indian culture of Central and North America, dated to about 11,500-11,000 years ago and earlier. The culture is distinguished by heavy, leaf-shaped stone spearheads.
was a period of European economic expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism which lasted from approximately the late 13th century until the early 18th century. It was succeeded in the mid-18th century by the Industrial Revolution.
Concordat of Worms
sometimes called the Pactum Calixtinum by papal historians, [a] was an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V on September 23, 1122 near the city of Worms
Council of Clermont
was a mixed synod of ecclesiastics and laymen of the Catholic Church, which was held from November 18 to November 28, 1095 at Clermont, France. Pope Urban II's speech on November 27 was the starting point of the First Crusade.
simply called Dante(c. 1265 - 1321), was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa and later christened Divina by Boccaccio, is widely considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature.
A term sometimes applied to the early Middle Ages, the first few centuries after the Fall of Rome. The term suggests prevailing ignorance and barbarism, but there were forces for culture and enlightenment throughout the period.
was King of England from 25 January 1327 until his death
Ferdinand & Isabella
were the monarchs whose marriage created the union of Castile and Aragon which formed the Kingdom of Spain
the dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection.
was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to capture the Holy Land, called by Pope Urban II in 1095.
was a Western European armed expedition called by Pope Innocent III, originally intended to conquer Muslim-controlled Jerusalem by means of an invasion through Egypt.
Francis of Assisi
was an Italian Roman Catholic friar and preacher
was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152.
was the son of a London vintner, and seems most probably to have been born in 1340.
is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture
is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185
ruled as Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, King of England (1154-89) and Lord of Ireland; at various times, he also controlled Wales, Scotland and Brittany
Holy Roman emperor and king of Germany (1056-1106) who struggled for power with Pope Gregory VII.
Holy Roman Empire/First Reich
The unified Germany which arose under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck in 1871 was the first entity that was officially called in German Deutsches Reich, also the Second Reich (Zweites Reich) succeeding the Holy Roman Empire.
The era of feudalism in Japan took place from the 12th through 19th centuries. During that period local rulers, either powerful families or military warlords, dominated the land, while the emperor was merely a figurehead and not a significant political presence.
Joan of Arc
A French military leader of the fifteenth century, a national heroine who at the age of seventeen took up arms to establish the rightful king on the French throne. She claimed to have heard God speak to her in voices.
youngest son of Henry II; King of England from 1199 to 1216; succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother Richard
commonly known as Saint Louis, was King of France from 1226 until his death
a charter of liberties to which the English barons forced King John to give his assent in June 1215 at Runnymede.
a member of a people who originated in the Urals and migrated westward to settle in what is now Hungary in the 9th century AD.
is the name for the organization of the economy in the Middle Ages.
An Italian explorer of the late thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries; one of the first Europeans to travel across Asia
existed in Europe during the Middle Ages. It also includes short-lived foundations and European educational institutions whose university status is a matter of debate.
was German king from 936 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 962 until his death in 973.
Philip II of France/Philip Augustus
was King of France from 1180 to 1223, a member of the House of Capet.
called the Fair or the Iron King was King of France from 1285 until his death.
Pope Boniface VII
born Benedetto Caetani, was Pope from 24 December 1294 to his death in 1303.
Pope Clement V
born Raymond Bertrand de Got, was Pope from 5 June 1305 to his death in 1314.
Pope Eugene II
was Pope from 11 May 824 to his death in 827. A native of Rome, he was chosen to succeed Paschal I.
Pope Gregory VII
was Pope from 22 April 1073 to his death in 1085.
Pope Innocent III
reigned from 8 January 1198 to his death.
Pope Martin V
was Pope from 11 November 1417 to his death in 1431.
Pope Urban II
was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.
English Reconquest, in medieval Spain and Portugal, a series of campaigns by Christian states to recapture territory from the Muslims, who had occupied most of the Iberian Peninsula in the early 8th century.
Revival of Travel & Trade
The Venetians sparked long-distance trade with the Byzantines and the Moslems;The Crusades were a boon to the Italian economy, because they transported soldiers and goods, and traded with the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Damascus, and Baghdad.
was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death
Rise of the Middle Class
was a result of the industrial revolution. The "middle class" first appeared in Europe in the late middle ages, with the revival of trade and development of structures that could
convert money into power.
is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.
a member of a powerful military caste in feudal Japan, especially a member of the class of military retainers of the daimyos.
the system of theology and philosophy taught in medieval European universities, based on Aristotelian logic and the writings of the early Church Fathers and having a strong emphasis on tradition and dogma.
was the second major crusade launched from Europe as Catholic holy war against Islam
a hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan. Because of the military power concentrated in his hands and the consequent weakness of the nominal head of state, the shogun was generally the real ruler of the country until feudalism was abolished in 1867.
The church court of the Inquisition, as established in Spain in the late fifteenth century.
also known as The Kings' Crusade, was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin
one of the towering figures in Western philosophy and theology, so great that he is even called the "angelic Doctor" by the Roman Catholic Church.
the Archbishop of Canterbury, and King Henry II of England, from 1163 to 1170.
was the last feudal Japanese military government, which existed between 1603 and 1867.
Upheaval in the Church
New ways of thinking using logic undermined the church authority
any of the Scandinavian seafaring pirates and traders who raided and settled in many parts of northwestern Europe in the 8th-11th centuries.
William the Conqueror
The duke of Normandy, a province of France, and the leader of the Norman Conquest of England. He defeated the English forces at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and became the first Norman king of England.
Agricultural Revolution (2nd)
It came about in part because of the Industrial Revolution and it helped allow the Industrial Revolution to happen. The second agricultural revolution was based on a greater use of technology.