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SS: Chap 4 Rise of the Sumerian City-States -Questions
Terms in this set (10)
Why were there food-shortages in the hills of ancient Mesopotamia?
The number of people increased, and there was not enough land to grow more food.
How did the Mesopotamians solve the problem of food shortages in the hills?
They moved down to the Sumerian plains.
How did Sumerians solve the problem of uncontrolled water supply in the plains?
They created irrigation systems.
What does "uncontrolled water supply" mean?
Sometimes there was too much water (flooding), other times there was too little water (drought).
Name some parts of the irrigation systems.
How did Sumerians solve the problems of building and maintaining irrigation systems?
They worked together, and formed larger communities to help each other.
How did Sumerians solve the problem of attacks by neighbors?
They built walls and moats around their cities.
What was the name for the region of plains to where the people from the foothills moved?
Name the 2 rivers of Mesopotamia?
Tigris and Euphrates
What were the 4 key problems in early Mesopotamia?
- food shortages in the hills
- uncontrolled water supply on plains
- difficulty maintaining irrigation systems
- attacks by neighbors
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