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Stereotypes deeply influence how we react to one another.


Background assumptions rarely contribute to our expectations.


Because of his incredibly accelerated study program, Professor Zuchov has the unique privilege of being a 17-year-old university professor. Sociologically, this is an example of ________.

status inconsistency

In ethnomethodology, the ideas we take for granted that underlie our behavior and that we violate at our risk are called ________.

background assumptions

Milo, a highly successful attorney, just received a $200 ticket for speeding. Jim, an unemployed father of six, received a $50 fine for parking in a restricted area. Milo considers his $200 ticket an inconvenience, but Jim sees his $50 fine as a financial disaster. Why do Milo and Jim feel so differently about their fines, even though Milo's is four times greater than Jim's?

location on social structure is difference

The organized, usual, or standard ways by which society meets its basic needs are referred to as ________.

social institutions

Believing that all football players are academically challenged, that all African Americans are great athletes, and that all women can cook well are examples of ________.


Jackie enjoys having her boyfriend Seth hold her close when they are watching television. She appreciates it when Professor Jones maintains a distance of at least two feet from her while he assists her with her tutoring. In view of this, which statement applies to the relationships that Jackie shares with Seth and with her professor?

Seth is enjoying intimate distance and the professor is at personal distance.

An approach to social interaction in which social life is analyzed in terms of the stage is called ________.


Ascribed status is involuntary and achieved status is voluntary.


Which of the following perspectives is most appropriate for a research sociologist to use?

both macro and microsociology, depending upon the situation

The social institution that is most recognized for allocating power, determining authority, and preventing chaos is ________.


In ethnomethodology, the ideas we take for granted that underlie our behavior and that we violate at our risk are called ________.

background assumptions

Anthony always arrives to class on time, answers questions in class, does his homework on time, and receives excellent grades. All of this is part of his ________ as a good student.

role performance

According to Durkheim, when a society increases in size, its division of labor becomes more specialized. People begin to depend upon one another and become interdependent. This form of social cohesion was a concept that he termed ________.

organic solidarity

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