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Sociology chapter 1

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Mark views society as a system of interrelated parts. He is a
functionalist
John views society as composed of groups competing for scarce resources
conflict theorist
Because sociology is based on common sense, it is an excellent discipline for students to study who approach the world in a rational, matter of fact way
false
functionalists refer to how parts of a society fit together to form a whole as
a structure
because of their training and expertise, sociologists often stress their personal values in their research
false
despite her acclaimed research on social life, until recently Harriet Martineau was best known for translating Comte's works on sociology into English
True
The notion that only the fittest members of society deserve to survive and that social programs to help the poor will ultimately weaken the social order is a doctrine known as
social Darwinism
When sociologists group people into categories based on their age, gender, educational level, job, and income they are trying to determine
social location
the french sociologist Emile Durkheim is most identified with which of the following areas of study?
Social Integration
According to Robert Merton ________ are the intended beneficial consequences of people's actions
Manifest functions
Sue is an expert in interpreting gestures, silence, the use of space, and expressions people make in their daily interactions. In view of this, how would Sue's expertise be defined?
Sue is an expert in nonverbal communication
Sociologists have always agreed that the most important goal of sociology is to generate social change
False
because of her outstanding contributions to social reform, as demonstrated in her work as co-founder of Hull-House, _______ was a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931
Jane Addams
Because of their training and expertise, sociologists often stress their personal values in their research
False
The corners of life that people occupy, such as jobs, income, education, gender, age, and race are referred to as the social imperative
False
Karl Marx believed that ________ was the central force for social change, while Max Weber believed that _________ was the force most responsible for social change.
economics; religion
The first person to propose that the scientific method could be applied to the study of social was
Auguste Comte
What are values in the context of sociology
beliefs about what is desirable in life and the way the world ought to be
Functionalists and conflict theorists tend to focus on the ________, or large scale patterns of society, in conducting their analyses.
macro level
Herbert Spencer believed the most capable and intelligent members of a society would survive while the weak and less capable would die, thus improving society, in a master plan he called "the survival of the fittest."
True
During his career, Anthony has worked as a juvenile police officer, corrections counselor in a state prison, and executive director of an urban redevelopment program. In view of this, which description best describes Anthony's career path?
Anthony has been an APPLIED SOCIOLOGIST
According to symbolic interactionists, the deciding factor that determines if change in society is good or bad requires ________.
a framework or context from which to view the meaning of the change
Correct!
The first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard University, who spent his lifetime studying race relations in America and was one of the founders of the NAACP, was ________
WEB DuBois
Booker T. Washington was the first African American to earn a doctorate degree from Harvard University.
False
Sociologists who use the functionalist perspective stress how industrialization and urbanization have undermined the traditional functions of the family.
True
Max Weber referred to the self-denying approach to life characterized by people living frugal lives and saving their money as the ________.
Protestant ethic
Which groups of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?
conflict theorists and functionalists
Sociologists often use "common sense" to understand they way the world "is."
False
Karl Marx suggested that the force that drives human history and is at the core of human society is ________.
class conflict
Sociologists who analyze how social life depends on the ways that people define themselves and others are most likely ________.
symbolic interactionists
Which groups of social theorists would focus most on macro-level analysis when examining patterns of society?
conflict theorists and functionalists