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260 terms

ALL VOCAB. tone, weeks 1-7, first 50

yes this is alot. but its ALL the vocab we are supposed to know. there is a separate quizlet for all of the sections in this quizlet.
STUDY
PLAY
satiric
containing the use of ridicule, sarcasm, or irony to expose or attack follies, vices, or stupidites
whimsical
oddly out of the ordinary; fanciful, freakish; imaginative
dramatic
filled with action, emotion, or exciting qualities; vivid, striking
learned
knowledgeable, well informed
informative
education, instructive
somber
dark and gloomy; depressing and melancholy
urgent
calling for haste, immediate action; insistent, pressing
confident
self-assured, certain
mock-heroic
mocking or burlesquing any style, action, or character
objective
without bias or prejudice; detached
diffident
lacking self-confidence; timid, shy
didactic
intended for teaching or instruction; morally instructive; boringly pedantic or moralistic
ironic
meaning the opposite of what is expressed
petty
relatively worthless or unimportant; trivial, insignificant
factual
real; actual; unopinionated
restrained
self-disciplined, controlled
elegiac
fit for an elegy; sad, mournful, plaintive
disdainful
scornful and aloof
lugubrious
very sad or mournful, plaintive
pedantic
putting unnecessary stress on minor or trivial points of learning
indignant
feeling or expressing anger or scorn, especially at unjust, mean, or ungrateful action or treatment
bantering
teasing or making fun of in a playful, good natured way
flippant
frivolous and disrespectful; saucy, impertinent
condescending
patronizing; dealing with other in a proud or haughty way, as if lowering yourself to meet them on their level
patronizing
helping someone but in a haughty or snobbish way
facetious
joking or trying to be funny at an inappropriate time
clinical
purely scientific; dispassionately curious; impersonal
mock-serious
jokingly serious
inflammatory
rousing excitement, anger, or violence
benevolent
inclined to do good; kindly; charitable
burlesquing
to imitate derisively or comically; to make parody
fanciful
indulging in fantasies; imaginative in a playful way; whimsical
detached
not involved by emotion, interest; aloof; impartial
cynical
implies a contemptuous (lack of) belief in human goodness; sarcastic; sneering
incisive
sharp, keen, penetrating, acute
allusive
containing allusions
scornful
filled with contempt; showing disdain
effusive
expressing excessive emotion in an unrestrained manner; too demonstrative
colloquial
conversational
compassionate
sympathizing deeply; pitying
impartial
without prejudice or bias; fair; just
insipid
not exciting or interesting; dull; lifeless
pretentious
affectedly grand; ostentatious
vibrant
vigorous, energetic, radiant, sparkling, vivacious
irreverent
lacking respect
sentimental
showing feelings in an excessive, superficial, or maudlin way; mawkish
moralistic
imposing morals; rules to live by, on others
complimentary
expressing courtesy, respect, admiration, or praise
contemptuous
scornful; disdainful
sympathetic
expressing pity or compassion for another's trouble or suffering
taunting
reproaching in scornful or sarcastic language; jeering; mocking
concerned
involved or interested
angry
inflamed, mad
turgid
bombastic; pompous; grandiloquent
sardonic
disdainfully or bitterly sneering, ironic, or sarcastic
contentious
always ready to argue; quarrelsome
insolent
boldly disrespectful; impertinent; impudent
candid
frank, honest
remorseful
expressing a torturing sense of guilty felt over a wrong that one has done; pitying
humorous
funny, amusing, comical
audacious
bold, daring, fearless
to balk
to refuse, to shirk; to prevent
cacophonous
jarring, unpleasantly noisy
ebullient
exhilarated, full of enthusiasm and high spirits
to enthrall
to captivate, to enchant, to enslave
fastidious
careful with details
to grovel
to humble oneself in a demeaning way
hackneyed
worn out by overuse
impious
not devout it religion
balm
soothing, healing influence
callow
immature, lacking sophistication
eclectic
selecting form various sources
to fetter
to bind, to chain, to confine
heinous
shocking, wicked, terrible
to importune
to ask repeatedly, to beg
to beleaguer
to harass, to plague
canny
smart; founded on common sense
effulgent
brilliantly shining
to entreat
to plead, to beg
flamboyant
flashy, garish; exiting, dazzling
indelible
permenant
hiatus
break, interruption, vacation
impudent
arrogant, audacious
bellicose
warlike, aggressive
to carp
to find fault with, to complain constantly
defunct
no longer existing, dead, extinct
eminent
celebrated, distinguished: outstanding, towering
to espouse
to support or advocate
to foment
to arouse or incite
hoary
very old; whitish or gray from age
inchoate
imperfectly formed or formulated
to castigate
to punish, to chastise, to criticize severely
diatribe
bitter verbal attack
to emulate
to copy, imitate
excruciating
agonizing, intensely painful
incipient
beginning to exist or appear, in an initial stage
catharsis
purification, cleansing
diffidence
shyness, lack of confidence
to encumber
to hinder, to burden, to restrict motion
incorrigible
incapable of being corrected
extraneous
irrelevant, unrelated, unnecessary
imminent
something that is going to happen very soon
to foster
to nourish, to cultivate, to promote
to hone
to sharpen
insidious
sly, treacherous, devious
caustic
biting, sarcastic; able to burn
to disparage
to belittle, to speak disrespectfully about
to enervate
to weaken, to sap strength from
fraught
full of, accompanied by
ignominious
disgraceful and dishonorable
iota
very tiny amount
cavalier
carefree, happy; with lordly disdain
to disdain
to regard with scorn or contempt
enigmatic
puzzling, inexplicable
exorbitant
extravagant, greater than reasonable
frenetic
wildly frantic, frenzied, hectic
gaunt
thin and bony
impertinent
rude
to cavort
to frolic, to frisk
furtive
secret, stealthy
impetuous
quick to act without thinking
intrepid
fearless
conundrum
a confusing and difficult problem or question
quandary
a state of perplexity or uncertainty over what to do in a difficult situation
juggernaut
huge force destroying everything in its path
lassitude
lethargy, sluggishness
maladroit
clumsy, tactless
meticulous
extremely careful, fastidious, painstaking
mishap
accident, misfortune
nuptial
relating to marriage
obsolete
no longer in use
to oscillate
to move back and forth
panache
flamboyance, verve
pejorative
having bad connotations; disparaging
perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent
pragmatic
practical; moved by facts rather than abstract ideals
querulous
inclined to complain, irritable
ribald
humorous in a vulgar way
to ruminate
to contemplate, to reflect upon
saccharine
excessively sweet or sentimental
to skulk
to move in a stealthy or cautious manner; to sneak
to stymie
to block or thwart
tacit
understood or implied without being stated openly; not spoken
taciturn
uncommunicative, not inclined to speak much
to vacillate
to alternate or waver between different opinions or actions
juxtaposition
side by side placement
licentious
immoral; unrestrained by a society
malapropism
humorous misuse of a word
mirth
frivolity, gaiety, laughter
nomadic
moving from place to place
obsequious
overly submissive, brown-nosing
ostensible
apparent
paradigm
ideal example, model
pensive
thoughtful
perspicacious
shrewd, astute, keen-witted
precipitous
hasty, quickly, with too little concern
quiescence
inactivity, stillness
quintessence
most typical example; concentrate essence
reticent
not speaking freely; reserved
retort
cutting response
slipshod
careless, hasty
slovenly
untidy, messy
sobriety
seriousness
sufferable
bearable
strident
loud, harsh, unpleasantly noisy
sycophant
a person who acts obsequiously toward someone in order to gain advantage; a servile flatterer
kudos
fame, glory, honor
loquacious
talkative
malediction
curse
misanthrope
person who hates human beings
non sequitur
conclusion not following from apparent evidence
obdurate
stubborn
ostentatious
showy
paramount
supreme, dominant, primary
perennial
present throughout the years; persistent
philanthropy
love of humanity; generosity to worthy causes
polemic
controversy, argument; verbal attack
preponderance
majority in number; dominance
pugnacious
quarrelsome, eager and ready to fight
segue
an immediate transition from one part to another
quotidian
occurring daily; commonplace
remuneration
pay or reward for work, trouble, etc.
replete
abundantly supplied
sojourn
visit, stay
sophomoric
immature and overconfident
superfluous
extra, more than necessary
tangential
digressing, diverting
conspicuous consumption
lavish spending on goods and services acquired mainly for the purpose of displaying income or wealth
magnanimous
generous; noble in spirit
notoriety
unfavorable fame
omnipotent
having unlimited power
omniscient
having infinite knowledge
palpable
obvious, real, tangible
perfidious
faithless, disloyal, untrustworthy
to pilfer
to steal
plebeian
crude, vulgar, low-class
polyglot
speaker of many languages
to pontificate
to speak in a pretentious manner
prodigal
wasteful, extravagant, lavish
quagmire
marsh; difficult situation
to renege
to go back on one's word
repose
relaxation, leisure
sordid
filthy; contemptible and corrupt
stoic
indifferent to or unaffected by emotions
stolid
having or showing little emotion
surreptitious
characterized by secrecy
lackadaisical
idle, lazy; apathetic, indifferent
tenacious
stubborn, holding firm
cumbersome
awkward, difficult to carry, burdensome
incumbent
person in political office running for re-election; something that you have to do
abstract
not concrete
aesthetic
having to do with the appreciation of beauty
alleviate
to ease a pain or a burden
ambivalent
simultaneously feeling opposing feelings; uncertain
apathetic
feeling or showing little emotion
auspicious
favorable; promising
benevolent
well-meaning; generous
candor
sincerity; openness
cogent
convincing; reasonable
comprehensive
broad or complete in scope or content
contemporary
current, modern; from the same time
conviction
a fixed or strong belief
diligent
marked by painstaking effort; hard-working
dubious
doubtful; of unlikely authenticity
eclectic
made up of a variety of sources or styles
egregious
conspicuously bad or offensive
exculpate
to free from guilt or blame
florid
flowery or elaborate in style
gratuitous
given freely; unearned; unwarranted
hackneyed
worn out through overuse; trite
idealize
to consider perfect
impartial
not in favor of one side or the other; unbiased
imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
inherent
inborn; built-in
innovative
introducing something new
inveterate
long established; deep-rooted; habitual
laudatory
giving praise
maverick
one who resists adherence to a group
mollify
to calm or soothe
novel
strikingly new or unusual
obdurate
stubborn; inflexible
objectivity
judgment uninfluenced by emotion
obstinate
stubbornly adhering to an opinion
ornate
elaborately decorated
ostentatious
describing a pretentious display
paramount
of chief concern or importance
penitent
expressing remorse for one's misdeeds
pervasive
dispersed throughout
plausible
seemingly valid or acceptable; credible
profound
having great depth or seriousness
prosaic
unimaginative; dull; ordinary
quandary
a state of uncertainty or perplexity
rancorous
hateful; marked by deep-seated ill will
spurious
not genuine; false; counterfeit
stoic
indifferent to pleasure or pain; impassive
superfluous
extra; unnecessary
tenuous
having little substance or strength; unsure; weak
timorous
timid; fearful
transitory
short-lived; temporary
vindicated
freed from blame