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Chapter 8 Leader-Member-Exchange
Terms in this set (12)
"Leader-member exchange (LMX) theory takes still another approach and conceptualizes leadership as a process that is centered on the interactions between leaders and followers.""LMX theory makes the dyadic relationship between leaders and followers the focal point of the leadership process."
Different Between In-group and Out-group.
"those that were based on expanded and negotiated role responsibilities (extra-roles), which were called the in-group, and those that were based on the formal employment contract (defined roles), which were called the out-group"."Subordinates in the in-group receive more information, influence, confidence, and concern from their leaders than do out-group subordinates ."
Early studies of Path-Goal
"found that leaders look for followers who exhibit enthusiasm, participation, gregariousness, and extraversion. "
"Leadership making is a prescriptive approach to leadership emphasizing that a leader should develop high-quality exchanges with all of the leader's subordinates rather than just a few."
"he stranger phase, the interactions in the leader-subordinate dyad generally are rule bound, relying heavily on contractual relationships."
"begins with an offer by the leader or the subordinate for improved career-oriented social exchanges, which involve sharing more resources and personal or work-related information."
"eople who have progressed to this stage in their relationships experience a high degree of mutual trust, respect, and obligation toward each other."
Descriptive and Prescriptive
"LMX theory works by focusing our attention on the special, unique relationship that leaders can create with others. When these relationships are of high quality, the goals of the leader, the followers, and the organization are all advanced."
"To evaluate leader-member exchanges, researchers typically use a brief questionnaire that asks leaders and followers to report on the effectiveness of their working relationships. The questionnaire assesses the degree to which respondents express respect, trust, and obligation in their exchanges with others.
Energy and Creativity
"They found that perceived high-quality leader-member exchange was positively related to feelings of energy in employees, which, in turn, was related to greater involvement in creative work."
Strengths of LMX
"First, it is a strong descriptive theory. Intuitively, it makes sense to describe work units in terms of those who contribute more and those who contribute less (or the bare minimum) to the organization."
"Second, LMX theory is unique because it is the only leadership approach that makes the concept of the dyadic relationship the centerpiece of the leadership process."
"Third, LMX theory is noteworthy because it directs our attention to the importance of communication in leadership. The high-quality exchanges advocated in LMX theory are inextricably bound to effective communication."
"Fourth, LMX theory provides an important alert for leaders. It warns leaders to avoid letting their conscious or unconscious biases influence who is invited into the in-group".
Fourth, "pointed out that leader-member exchange is related to performance, organizational commitment, job climate, innovation, organizational citizenship behavior, empowerment, procedural and distributive justice, career progress, and many other important organizational variables."
" First, on the surface, leader-member exchange in its initial formulation (vertical dyad linkage theory) runs counter to the basic human value of fairness. "
"A second criticism of LMX theory is that the basic ideas of the theory are not fully developed. For example, the theory does not fully explain how high-quality leader-member exchanges are created."
"A third criticism of the theory is that researchers have not adequately explained the contextual factors that may have an impact on LMX relationships ".
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
HROB 158 Chapter 1
Chapter 7 Path-Goal Theory
Chapter 9 Transformational Leadership
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