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37 terms

PSY2012 Chapter 12 Psychological Disorders Drug Dependency

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stimulants
Drugs (such as caffeine, nicotine and the more powerful amphetamines, cocaine and ecstasy) that excite neural activity and speed up body functions.
depressants
What category of psychoactive drug are opiates?
THC
The major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects including mild hallucinations.
stimulants
What category of psychoactive drug are amphetamines?
hallucinogen
What category of psychoactive drug is marijuana?
alcohol dependence
Alcohol use marked by tolerance, withdrawal if suspended and drive to continue use.
depressants, hallucinogens, stimulants
Three categories of psychoactive drugs.
alcohol
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: impaired reactions, depression, memory loss, organ damage?
hallucinogen
What category of psychoactive drug is LSD?
LSD
A powerful hallucinogenic drug, also known as acid.
marijuana
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: impaired learning and memory, increased risk of psychological disorders, lung damage.
near-death experience
An altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death (such as through cardiac arrest); often similar to drug-induced hallucinogens.
heroin
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: depressed physiology, agonizing withdrawal?
LSD
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: risk of panic?
caffeine
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects in high doses: anxiety, restlessness and insomnia, uncomfortable withdrawal?
depressants
What category of psychoactive drugs are barbiturates?
depressant
What category of psychoactive drug is morphine?
stimulant
What category of psychoactive drug is caffeine?
ecstasy
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: dehydration, overheating, depressed mood, impaired cognitive and immune functioning?
physical and psychological
Two types of drug dependence.
methamphetamine
A powerful addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system with speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels.
stimulant
What category of psychoactive drug is nicotine?
nicotine
A stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco.
nicotine
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: heart disease, cancer?
amphetamines
Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.
ecstasy (MDMA)
A synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen that produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short term health risks and longer term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition.
depressant
What category of psychoactive drug is alcohol?
opiates
Opium and its derivatives such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
stimulant
What category of psychoactive drug is cocaine?
cocaine
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: cardiovascular stress, suspiciousness, depressive crash?
hallucinogens
Psychedelic (mind manifesting) drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
barbiturates
Drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment.
methamphetamine
Which drug has the following negative afteraffects: irritability, insomnia, high blood pressure, seizures?
depressants
Drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that calm neural activity and slow body functions.
FALSE
True or False: In large amounts, alcohol is a depressant; in small amounts, it is a stimulant.
depressant
What category of psychoactive drug is heroin?
stimulant
What category of psychoactive drug is ecstasy?