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313 terms

GCOR Practice Exam 10/2012

KCS Practice Exam
STUDY
PLAY
Dual Control Switch
A power operated switch, movable point frog, or derail that can also be operated by hand.
Absolute Signal
A block or interlocking signal without a number plate or designated by an A marker.
Automatic Block System (ABS)
A series of consecutive blocks governed by block signals, cab signals, or both. The signals are activated by a train or by certain conditions that affect the block use.
Centralized Traffic Control (CTC)
A block system that uses block signal indications to authorize train movements.
Control Point
The location of absolute signals controlled by a central operator or a railroad identifiable point as defined in the Timetable.
Controlled Siding
A siding within CTC and Interlocking limits where a signal indication authorizes the siding's use.
Controlled Signal
An absolute signal controlled by a control operator.
Controlled Track
Track upon which the railroad's operating rules require that all movements of trains must be authorized by a train dispatcher or a control operator.
Loaded Bulk Commodity Train
Loaded Unit Trains are defined as a train of 50 or more loaded cars in a block, each weighing 125 tons gross weight or more (bulk commodities), such as coal, grain, soda ash, etc.
Main Track
A track extending through yards and between stations that must be occupied without authority or protection.
Non-Controlled Track
Track upon which trains are permitted by railroad rule or special instruction to move without recieving authorization from train dispatcher or control operator.
Proceed Indication
Any block signal indication that allows a train to proceed without stopping.
Reverse Movement
A movement opposite the authorized direction.
Special Instructions
Instructions contained in the Timetable or other publications.
Train
One or more engines coupled, with or without cars, displaying a marker, and authorized to operate ont he main track.
Yard Limit
A portion of main track designated by yard limit signs and time table special instructions or a track bulletin.
Any employee operating a radio must do the following
Before transmitting, listen long enough to make sure the channel is not being used. Give the required identification. Not proceed with further transmission until acknowledgement is received.
For Mobile Units
Name or initials of the railroad
Train name(number), enginenumber, or words that identify the precise mobile unit.
Ending Radio Transmissions - "Over"
When a response is expected
Ending Radio Transmissions - "OUT"
Preceded by required identification when NO RESPONSE is expected.
Watch or Clock
MUST Be in good working condition and reliable.
Display hours, minutes and seconds
Not vary from the correct time by more than 30 seconds
Be compared with the same time source designated in special instructions.
Train Dispatchers
Supervise train movement and any employees connected with that movement.
Safety
Is the most important element in performing duties.
Obeying the rules
is essential to job safety and continued employment.
Safe Course
In case of doubt or uncertainty, take the safest course.
Personnal Injuries or Accidents
When passengers or employees are injured, do everything reasonable to care for them and complete form 68D.
General Orders
Are numbered consecutively.
Are issued and canceled by the designated manager.
Contain only information and instructions related to rules or operating practices.
Replace any rule, special instruction, or regulation that conflicts witht he general order.
Circulars Instructions and Notices
and other information are issued and canceled by the designated manager. Before beginning each day's work or trip, trainmen, enginemen, and any others whose duties require, must
review those that apply to the territory they will work on
Rules Regulations and Instructions
Safety Rules. Employees must have a copy of, be familiar with, and comply with all safety rules issued in a
separate book or in another form.
General Code of Operating Rules
Employees governed by these rules must have a current copy they can refer to while on duty.
Hazardous Materials
Employees who in any way handle hazardous materials must have a copy of the instructions or regulations for handling these materials. Employees must be familiar with and comply with these instructions or regulations.
General Orders:
Before beginning each day's work or trip, trainmen, enginemen, and any others whose duties require, must review general orders that apply to the territory they will work on.
Accident Statements
Information concerning accidents or personal injuries that occur to persons other than employees may be given only to an authorized representative of the railroad or an officer of the law
Reporting
All cases of personal injury, while on duty or on company property, must be immediately reported to the proper manager and the prescribed form completed.68D
Establish Working Limits
Working limits may be established within a train's authority limits as follows:
DTC or TWC Territory
1. With a train having authority to move in either direction that is not joint.
or
2. With a train having authority to move in one direction only, working limits must not be
established:
• Behind the train.
• More than one block in advance of the train or beyond any location that a train or
engine could enter the track between the employee in charge of the working limits
and the train.
Restricted Speed
When required to move at restricted speed mvement must be made at a speed that allows stopping within half the range of vision short of:
Train
Engine
Railroad Car
Men or equipment fouling the track
Stop signal
or
Derail or switch lined improperly

When a train or engine is required to move at restricted speed, the crew must keep a lookout for broken rail and not exceed 20 MPH

Comply with these requirements until the leading wheels reach a point where movement at resrticted speed is no longer required.
Less Than Two Miles Ahead of Restricted Area
When the restricted area is close to a terminal, junction, or another area, employees will display the yellow-red flag less than 2 miles before the restricted area. This information will also be included in the track bulletin,track warrant, or general order.
During a freight car safety inspection, which picked up cars,you discover a car with a missing handhold. What should you do with this car?
Do NOT pick it up and make a proper report.
Which of the following conditions could not prevent a car from being placed in a train?
door seal missing
If a locomotive recalcilating valve is set at 90 PSI ,what pressure is required on rear car when marked a Class III air break test?
75 PSI
You have been instructed to pick up a blocked cars that have been sent out by a preceding train 5 hours earlier. These cars have not had any form of air supplies What type of air brake test is required?
Class I air break test
When performing a break test using the end-of-train device to determine if the breaks have applied or released, how much decrease or increase in the brake pipe pressure must be indicated?
5 PSI
What is required when conducting a Class 1A 1000 mile air brake test?
Change the train brake system to within 15 PSI of the regulating valvle setting, make a 20 pound brake pipe reduction, test brake pipe charge, verify that brakes apply on each car,verify that brake rigging is properly secure and does not bend or foul, verify 100% of the air brake are operative before proceeding.
What is required when adding cars not previously tested to your train?
Class I Air brake test- Initial Terminal Inspection
End of the Train Device -Two Way
Telemetry equipment that has the capability to initate an EMERGENCY application of the train air brake pipe system at the end of the train(Rear EOT device) using the emergency switch on the head-end device (Front EOT device)
Fouling a Track
When rolling equipment or on-track maintenance-of-way equipment is located that the end of the equipment is between the clearing point and the switch points leading to the track on which the equipment is stands.
Heavy Grade
Train with more than 4000 trailing tons or less:
A section of track with an average grade of two percent or greater over distance of two continuous miles.

Train with more than 4000 trailing tons:
A section of track with an average grade 1 percent or greater over a distance of three continuous miles.
Interlocking
Signal applicances that are interconnected so that each of their movements follows the other in a proper sequence. Interlockings may be operated manually or automatically.
Interlocking Limits
The tracks between outer opposing signals of a interlocking.
Clearance Point
The location near a turnout beyond which it is unsafe for passage on a adjacent track(s). Where a person is permitted by railroad's operating rules to ride the side of a car, a clearance point shall accommodate a person riding the side car.
Intermodal Train
Trains consisting entirely of Intermodal equipment and/or automotive business.
Quiet Zone
A segment of rail line, within which is situated one or a number of consective public highway-rail crossings at which the locomotive horns are not routinely sounded.
Does the distant signal indicate conditions that affect the track use between the distant signal and the next interlocking or block signal?
No
If a train is delayed between a distant signal clear and the next block or interlocking signal, must the train proceed according to delayed within a block rule?
Yes
What does a "D" plate indicate on a signal mast?
The signal is a Distant Signal.
Interlocking signals govern the use of interlocking routes. Where a track is signaled beyond the interlocking limits in the direction of movement, that signal is also:
A Block Signal
May a train that is moving on signal indication that requires movement at restricted speed, comply with the next signals indication when it's aspect can be clearly seen and the signal governs the track where movement is occuring or will be made?
No
The conductor and the engineer
Are responsible for the safety and protection of their train and observance of the rules.
When an employee reports clear of authority limits, or mandatory directive is made void by the train dispatcher.
Indicate "VOID" on mandatory directive form
Mandatory directives are written, printed, or displayed authorities or speed restrictions issued by the train dispatcher or control operator. Mandatory directives are:
Track warrants.
Track bulletins.
DTC authority.
Track and time.
Track permits.
Radio speed restrictions.
The employee requesting track authority must
Inform the train dispather of their name, identification, exact location where the track will be entered or occupied and authority limits desired.
The employee will _________ the information, including total number of lines issued and the number of each line issued to the train dispatcher.
Repeat
The track authority is not in effect until the "OK" time is shown on it and the dispatcher has acknowledged with
"That is correct"
Must track warrant instructions be followed where yard limits or restricted limits are effect?
Yes
When authorized by track warrant to proceed in one direction, what must a train do when it leaves the main track before reaching the last named point?
Notify the train dispatcher unless a crew member is left to prevent a following movement from passing.
Who must have a copy of the track warrant issued to their train?
Conductor & Engineer
When may a crew member of a train report clear limits or report having passed a specific location?
When both the conductor & engineer determine the train is complete.
If a track warrant is reproduced using a copy machine must it be repeated to the dispatcher to verify it's accuracy?
No
What must a crew member do with the track warrant when the track warrant has been made void?
Write "VOID" across each copy of the track warrant
When will it be neccessary to verify track bulletins?
When outbound crew members recieve track bulletins from inbound crew members.
When relieving a Conductor & Engineer before a trip is finished.
Who must have a copy of each track bulletin issued to their train?
Conductor & Engineer
If STOP is not written in the Stop column of the Form B track bulletin, may the train enter limits of Form B without instructions from the employee in charge?
No
Once instructions are received from the employee in charge, if the track route changes from previous instructions received what must the train crew do?
Contact Employee in Charge to determine that original instructions received valid on the new route before proceeding on new route.
How should movements be made if the train is moving in the opposite direction from which the block was entered?
At restricted speed until the leading wheels have passed the next governing signal of the end of the block system.
When a signal requires movement at restricted speed and you're leaving a block system, when can the train resume maximum speed?
For two miles or until leading wheels pass the opposing distant signal.
What should be done at a stop indication in CTC territory?
A crew member must immediately contact the control operator unless within track and time limits.
What should be done at a stop indication at manual interlockings?
A crew member must immediately contact the control operator.
What should be done at a stop indication at automatic interlockings?
Work the box. If the signal continues to display stop indication and there is no conflicting movement, the train must move at restricted speed.
What is the most important element in performing job duties?
Safety.
Who can issue or cancel a general order?
The designated manager.
What information is contained in general orders?
The information and instructions related to rules or operating practices.
What must the conductor remind the engineer of?
Limits of authority, track warrants, track bulletins, and radio speed restrictions.
When mobile and transmitting or acknowledging a radio communication, what identification is required?
Name or initials of railroad and train number, engine number, or words that identify the precise mobile unit.
What are examples of mandatory directives?
Track warrants, track bulletins, DTC authority, track and time, track permits, and radio speed restrictions.
If the person who is giving the signal to shove a train disappears, or the light being used disappears, what must employees do?
Stop movement, unless the employee on the leading car controls the air brakes.
True or false: Any object waived violently by any person on or near the track is a signal to stop.
True
What aspect is used to indicate a temporary speed restriction?
A yellow flag.
Yellow-red flags are used to indicate what?
That a train may be required to stop.
To indicate a restricted area, where must yellow flags be displayed?
Two miles ahead of the restricted area.
What must occur once the train reaches a restricted area indicated by a yellow flag?
Train can proceed at the speed specified by the track warrant, track bulletin, general orders, or radio speed restriction.
When operating within a restricted area, as indicated by a yellow flag, when can the train resume train speed?
When the rear of the train clears the restricted area.
Describe the CLEAR aspect.
Solid green or solid green over solid red.
APPROACH RESTRICTING aspect.
Solid yellow over lunar or solid yellow over lunar over solid red.
Describe the STOP aspect.
Solid red (without a number plate) or solid red over solid red (without a number plate).
Describe the DIVERGING APPROACH aspect.
Solid red over solid yellow or solid red over solid yellow over solid red.
APPROACH DIVERGING
Solid Yellow over green or Solid Yellow over Solid Yellow.
Describe the RESTRICTING aspect.
Flashing red or solid red over flashing red.
Describe the DIVERGING CLEAR aspect.
Solid red over solid green or solid red over solid green over solid red.
What is the indication of a CLEAR aspect?
Proceed.
What is the indication of a DIVERGING CLEAR aspect?
Proceed prepared to enter diverging route at prescribed speed through turnout.
What is the name and indication of the following signal aspect: Yellow over lunar?
APPROACH RESTRICTING -- Proceed prepared to pass the next signal at restricted speed.
What is the indication of a DIVERGING APPROACH MEDIUM aspect?
Proceed on diverging route not exceeding prescribed speed through turnout prepared to pass next signal not exceeding 35 MPH.
What is the name and indication of the following signal aspect: Red over flashing yellow or red over flashing yellow over red?
DIVERGING APPROACH MEDIUM -- Proceed on diverging route not exceeding prescribed speed through turnout prepared to pass next signal not exceeding 35 MPH.
When engines, cars, or other equipment are involved in an accident that results in personal injury or death.
The equipment must be inspected before it leaves the accident site.
A personal injury that occurs while off duty that will in any way affect an employee performance of duties must:
Be reported to the proper manager as soon as possible. the injured employee must also complete the prescribed written form before returning to service.
Rules may be issued, canceled, or modified by
Track Bulletin, General Order, or Special Instructions.
The use possession of alcoholic beverages, while on duty, on company property or while occupying facilities paid for or unfurnished by the company is
Prohibited
Employees must NOT be
careless of the safety of themselves or others, negligent, insubordinate, dishonest, immoral, quarrelsome or discourteous.
Any employee charged with a crime involving any of the following is required to report the situation
within 48 hours
Employees must not enter into altercations with each other,
play practical jokes, or wrestle while on duty or on railroad property.
While on duty or on a railroad property, employees must not have firearms or other deadly weapons, including knives with a blade longer than ______inches.
3
Employees are under the jurisdiction of the supervisors of the railroad they are operating on. When operating on another railroad, unless otherwise instructed, employees will be governed by:
Safety rules, air brake and train handling rules, and hazardous mateerials instructions of the railroad they are employed by. The operating rules and timetable/special instructions of the railroad they are operating on.
Employees whose duties require them to occupy the roof of a car or enginemust do so only
With proper authority and when the equipment is standing.
Without proper authority, employees must not __________, nulify, change the design of, or in any manner restrict or interfere with the normal function of any device or equipment or engines, cars, or other railroad property, except in the case of an emergency.
Alter
Railroad property must be kept in a
Clean, orderly, and safe condition.Railroad buildings, facilities, or equipment must not be damaged or defaced.
Employees must take every precaution to prevent loss or damage by fire.
Employees must report promptly to the train dispatcher any fires seen on or near the right of way, unless the fires are being controlled. If there is danger of the fire spreading to a bridger or other structure, crew members must stop their train and help extinguish the fire.
When possible, train or engine crews wanting to stop the train to eat must ask the train dispatcher at least _________________before desired stop.
One hour and thirty minutes
When possible, crew members on the head end of freight trains must ride in
the control compartment of the engine.
When overheated wheels are found on a train, the train must be stopped and held a minimum of ______ ____________ to allow the heat to equalize through the wheel.
10 minutes
A freight car with any defect that makes movement unsafe must be _________ or set out of the train. When a defect is discovered enroute, note the type of defect on proper tag and attach a tag on each side of the car.
corrected
If a wheel on a piece of equipment has a flat spot more than 2 1/2 inches long, or if the wheel has adjoining flat spots that are each at least 2 inches long, the equipment must not be moved faster than ______.
10 MPH. Such equipment must be set out at the first available point.
Place excessive dimension loads on or near the ____ end of trains.
head
The engineer must verify speed indicator accuracy ___________________ after taking charge of the engine.
as soon as possible
If the speed indicator is not accurate to within ____________________________, the engineer must immediately report the variance to the train dispatcher.
3 MPH plus or minus at speeds of 10 to 30 MPH and to within 5 MPH plus or minus at speeds above 30 MPH
An employee who receives a transmission must repeat it to the person transmitting the message, except when the communication:
Concerns yard switching operations.
Is a recorded message from an automatic alarm device.
or
Is general and does not contain any information, instruction, or advice that could affect the safety of a
railroad operation.
Employees using a radio for transmissions must state
"OVER" — when a response is expected.
Employees using a radio for transmissions must state
"OUT" preceded by required identification — when no response is expected.
An employee who does not understand a radio communication or who receives a communication that is incomplete must
not act upon the communication and must treat it as if it was not sent. EXCEPTION: An employee who receives information that may affect the safety of employees or the public or cause damage to property must take the safe course. When necessary, stop movement until the communication is understood.
An employee receiving a radio call must acknowledge the call immediately, unless doing so would interfere with
Safety
Emergency calls will begin with the words
"Emergency, Emergency, Emergency"
These calls will be used to cover initial reports of hazardous conditions which could result in death or injury, damage to property or serious disruption of railroad operations such as:
Derailments,Collisions, Storms, Washouts, Fires, Track obstructions or Emergency brake applications.
In addition, emergency calls must be made for the following:
Overrunning limits of authority. or Overrunning Stop indications.
Employees must not use the radio to give information to a train or engine crew about the name, position, aspect, or indication displayed by a fixed signal, unless the information is given between
members of the same crew or the information is needed to warn of an emergency.
An employee operating the controls of a moving engine may ___ copy mandatory
directives.
not
When transmitting and repeating mandatory directives:
State and spell single digit numbers by number and digit.
State multiple digit numbers by number and digit.
Identify decimal points as "point", "dot", or "decimal".
State and spell directions.
If a radio fails on the controlling locomotive enroute, the train may continue until the earlier of:
The next calendar day inspection or The nearest forward point where the radio can be repaired or replaced.
If a person disappears who is giving the signal to back or shove a train, engine, or car, or the light being used disappears, employees must:
Stop movement, unless employee on leading car controls the air brakes.
When radio communication is used to make movements, crew members must respond to
specific instructions given for each movement. Radio communications for shoving movements must
specify the direction and distance and must be acknowledged when distance specified is
more than four cars.
Movement must ____ within half the distance specified unless additional
instructions are received.
Stop
________________________________ may restrict or stop train movements because of track conditions, structures or men or equipment.
Track bulletins, track warrants, or general orders
______ ______ are used to indicate temporary speed restrictions.
Yellow flags
______-___ ____ are used to indicate when a train may be required to stop.
Yellow-red flags
Temporary speed restrictions due to thermal displacement or track disturbance caused by track maintenance requiring reduced speeds until track stabilizes may be protected by track bulletin
Form A Temporary Speed Restrictions only without the use of Yellow Flags for a period of 48 hours - the words "NO FLAGS" must be shown in the "FLAGS AT" column
When the restricted area is close to a
terminal, junction, or another area, employees will display the yellow flag less than _ _____ before the restricted area. This information will also be included in the track bulletin, track warrant, or general order.
2 miles
The speed specified by track warrant, track
bulletin, general order, or radio speed restriction must not be exceeded until the
rear of the tain clears the restricted area.
When a yellow flag is displayed and the restriction is not specified by a track bulletin, track warrant, or general order, once the train is 2 miles beyond the yellow flag, crew members must:
Continue moving the train but at a speed not exceeding 10 MPH.
Resume speed only after the rear of the train has:
Passed a green flag or Traveled 4 miles beyond the yellow flag and the train dispatcher has verified that no track bulletin or track warrant is in effect specifying a temporary speed restriction at that location.
Yellow-red flags warn a train to be prepared to ____ because of men or equipment.
stop
When a yellow-red flag is displayed and the restriction is not specified by a track bulletin,
track warrant, or general order, crew members must
be prepared to stop short of a red flag 2 miles beyond the yellow-red flag.
If a red flag is displayed, proceed as outlined in Rule 5.4.7 (Display of Red Flag or Red Light). If no red flag is displayed:
Move at restricted speed.
Increase speed only after:
A crew member has received instructions from the employee in charge or the leading wheels of movement are 4 miles beyond the yellow-red flag, and the train dispatcher has verified that no track bulletin or track warrant protecting men or
equipment is in effect at that location.
A green flag indicates the
the end of a temporary speed restriction.
If a series of locations requires reduced speeds, the green flags could overlap yellow flags. When this is the case, employees must:
Place a yellow flag before each speed restriction.
Place a green flag at the end of the last speed restriction.
A red flag or red light is displayed where trains must
stop
When a red flag or red light is displayed between the rails of a track,
the train must stop and not proceed until the flag or light has been removed by an employee of the class that placed it.
Flags or red lights must be displayed to the _____ of the track as viewed from an approaching train.
right
When flags are displayed beyond the first rail of an adjacent track, the flags will ___ apply to the track on which the train is moving.
not
If a train approaches an unattended fusee burning on or near its track,
the train must stop consistent with good train handling.
A train moving at restricted speed must
stop before passing the fusee.
After stopping, the train must
proceed at restricted speed for 1 mile beyond the fusee.
When approaching public crossings at grade with the engine in front,
sound signal as follows:
2 longs a short 1 long - looks like this __ __ O __
At night, if headlight and ditch lights fail to operate and no other unit can be used as the lead unit,
continue movement with a white light displayed on the lead unit. Stop the train before each public crossing, so a crew member on the ground can provide warning until the crossing is occupied, unless: Crossing gates are in the fully lowered position or No traffic is approaching or stopped at the crossing.
Locomotives must not be operated as the lead unit out of a train's initial terminal unless both ditch lights are operating.
However, if no units are equipped with ditch lights, do not exceed 20 MPH over public crossings until occupied.
Display a highly visible marker at the rear of every train as follows:
From 1 hour before sunset to 1 hour after sunrise.
When weather conditions restrict visibility to less than 1/2 mile.
Display a reflector, red flag, or light fixture at the rear of the train as the marker when any of the following conditions exists:
A highly visible marker is not required.
A defective car must be placed at the rear for movement to a repair point.
The rear portion of the train is disabled and cannot be moved, and a highly visible marker
cannot be displayed on the rear of the portion to be moved.
or
The highly visible marker becomes inoperative enroute. If this occurs, notify the train
dispatcher and move the train to the next forward location where the highly visible marker can
be repaired or replaced.
A blue signal signifies
that workmen are on, under, or between rolling equipment and requires that:
1. Rolling equipment must not be coupled to or moved, except as provided in "Movement in Engine
Servicing Area" and "Movement in Car Shop Repair Area" of this rule.
2. Rolling equipment must not pass a blue signal on a track protected by the signal.
3. Other rolling equipment must not be placed on the same track so as to block or reduce the view
of the blue signal.
a. However, rolling equipment may be placed on the same track when it is placed on designated
engine servicing area tracks or car shop repair area tracks, or when a derail divides a track
into separate working areas.
Rolling equipment must not _____ a track when a blue signal is displayed at the entrance to the track.
enter
Blue signals may be removed only by the
craft or group who placed them.
An employee who verbally receives instructions or information about train or engine movements must ______ them.
repeat
Before initiating movement on a main track, a crew member must:
Receive a track warrant or Determine from the train dispatcher or yardmaster if any track bulletins are needed
Trains or maintenance of way employees who receive authority to occupy the main track after the arrival of a train or to follow a train must ascertain the train's location by one of the following methods:
Visual identification of the train.
Direct communication with a crew member of the train.
or
Receiving information about the train from the train dispatcher or control operator.
Written authorities that are no longer in effect must __ ________ ____ ___ ___ __ ____ _____, unless otherwise instructed by the train dispatcher.
be retained until the end of tour of duty
__________________ provides for men or equipment to use a train's authority to establish working limits.
Train Coordination
To establish working limits:
The train must be in view and stopped.
The employee in charge of working limits will communicate with the engineer who will notify
other crew members that working limits are to be established. The engineer will make movements only as permitted by the employee in charge until the
working limits have been released to the engineer.
The train will not release its authority within the limits until those working limits have been released by the employee in charge.
Working limits may be established within a train's authority limits as follows:
DTC or TWC Territory
With a train having authority to move in either direction that is not joint or With a train having authority to move in one direction only, working limits must not be established, Behind the train, More than one block in advance of the train or beyond any location that a train or engine could enter the track between the employee in charge of the working limits
and the train.
Make reverse movements on any main track, controlled siding, or on any track where a block system is in effect at __________ _____ and only within the limits a train has authority to occupy the track.
restricted speed
Obtain __________ from the train dispatcher or control operator before making a reverse movement, unless the movement is within the same signaled block.
permission
Except within track and time limits, if movement stops while the trailing end is between the outer opposing absolute signals of a control point or manual interlocking, the movement must not change direction without permission from the
control operator
At an automatic interlocking, the movement may change direction within the limits of the
interlocking if it
continuously occupies at least one car length of the limits.
When cars are shoved on a main track or controlled siding in the direction authorized, movement must not exceed:
20 MPH for freight trains.
30 MPH for passenger trains.
Maximum timetable speed for snow service unless the employee in charge authorizes a higher speed.
A train may back up on any main track or on any track where CTC is in effect to pick up a crew member under the following conditions:
1. The train dispatcher gives permission to make the movement and verifies the following:
a. Another authority is not in effect within the same or overlapping limits unless conflicting
movements are protected.
b. A track bulletin Form B is not in effect within the same or overlapping limits.
c. A main track is not removed from service by a track bulletin within the same or overlapping limits.
2. Movement is limited to the train's authority.
3. Movement does not enter or foul a private or public crossing except as provided by Rule 6.32.1
(Providing Warning Over Road Crossings).
4. Movement will not be made into or within yard limits, restricted limits, interlocking limits, drawbridges,
railroad crossings at grade, or track bulletin Form B limits.
5. Movement does not exceed the train's length.
When movement is made under these conditions, restricted speed does not apply.
A train that may be met or passed must stop at least ___ ____ from the signal or clearance point of the facing point switch the other train will pass over, if length of train permits.
400 feet
Crew must retain mandatory directives for continuous
tour of duty.
Employees must not add to or alter their track authority except:
When joint authority has been issued and additional trains, track cars or employees are added to the limits, the train track car or employee that have been notified must notate the identification of the addition on line 8 of their authority.
When a train or a track car or employee releases a portion of the track authority, the employee must record that portion that has been released in the appropriate location on the track authority form.
On a track designated as "FRA Excepted Track," the following will govern:
Maximum speed must not exceed 10 MPH.
No occupied passenger train will be operated.
No movement will be operated that contains more than five cars placarded according to Hazardous
Material Regulations.
All movements entering or moving within yard limits must be made at restricted speed unless
operating under a block signal indication that is more favorable than Approach.
Trains and engines must be prepared to ____ when they approach railroad crossings at grade, drawbridges, and the end of multiple main track, unless these areas are protected by block or interlocking
signals.
stop
If a gate is lined against the intended route, trains and engines must stop and remain at least __ ____ from fouling the track on the conflicting route until the gate is changed to the stop position on the conflicting route. Where required, restore gate to its normal position after movement is complete.
50 Feet
If a train must stop before entering a railroad crossing at grade and the view on the conflicting route is obscured,
a crew member must go ahead of the train and signal from the crossing when it is safe to
proceed.
When necessary to leave a portion of a train temporarily on the main track, follow this procedure:
Set a sufficient number of hand brakes to keep the detached portion from moving.
Provide protection against movements that may enter the main track between the detached portion
and the returning front portion unless:
The train dispatcher verbally relieves the protection.
or
The return movement is otherwise authorized.
Make return movement at __________ _____. However, an engine without cars may return at a ______ _____ when governed by block signal indication.
restricted speed higher speed
When a train or engine is stopped by an emergency application of the brakes or severe slack action occurs while stopping, take the following actions:
If an adjacent main track or controlled siding may be obstructed, immediately
Warn other trains by radio, stating the exact location and status of the train and repeat as necessary.
Place lighted fusees on adjacent tracks.
Notify the train dispatcher or control operator and, when possible, foreign line railroads if necessary.
Warning to other movements is no longer necessary when:
It is known adjacent tracks are not obstructed.
or
The train dispatcher or control operator advises the crew that protection is provided on adjacent tracks.
When a train or engine is stopped by an emergency application of the brakes or severe slack action occurs while stopping, take the following actions: All cars, units, equipment, and track must be inspected as outlined in the: Special Instructions.
Air Brake and Train Handling Rules.
Brake pipe pressure has been restored by observing air on the rear of train or communication between the Front HTD and Rear EOT device indicates the airt pressure has been restored to the train. Brake pipe leakage test performed as follows: After air break have released make a 20 psi brake pipe reduction
Movement on Other than Main Track
Except when moving on a main track or on a track where a block system is in effect,
trains or engines must move at a speed that allows them to stop within half the range of vision short of:
Train.
Engine.
Railroad car.
Men or equipment fouling the track.
Stop signal.
or
Derail or switch lined improperly.
Avoid leaving cars or equipment on sidings unless
authorized by the train dispatcher, except in an emergency. In this case, notify the train dispatcher immediately.
When a train is stopped and is met or passed by another train, crew members must inspect the passing train. The _________ inspection must be made from the ground if there is a safe location. If safe to do so, a trainman must cross the track and inspect the side of the passing train opposite the stopped train.
trainman's
If a detector failure message is received and a proper detector inspection was received at the last system encountered, a train may proceed to the next system not exceeding __ ___, unless the detector is a head of a critical structure.
30 Feet
When an alarm is received on the same car at 2 consecutive systems, the equipment must be set out at first available auxillary track regardless of whether or not a defect can be found. While moving a car to an auxillary track the train must maintain a speed that will ensure safe handling of the car, but not exceed __ ___
10 MPH
When a walking inspection of the train is required, and physical characteristics prevent a complete train inspection, inspect as much of the train as possible. The train may then be moved, but may not exceed _ ___ for the distance necessary to complete the inspection.
5 MPH
While their train is moving, crew members must inspect it frequently and look for indications of defects in the train, especially when
rounding curves
If the defective car must be set out, they must
not attempt to move the car to the setout point unless it is safe to do so.
__________ and _________ are jointly responsible for knowing and not exceeding the maximum authorized speed for their train.
Conductors and engineers
When possible, crew members must notify the train dispatcher promptly of any condition
will delay or prevent their train from making the usual speed.
The crew is notified that the crossing
warning system has an activation failure
or that the crossing warning system has
been disabled and an equipped flagger is
not at the crossing to provide warning.
Stop before occupying crossing. After a crew
member is on the ground at the crossing to warn highway traffic, proceed over the crossing as directed by that crew member. Then proceed at normal speed.
Leave cars, engines, or equipment clear of road crossings and crossing signal circuits.
When practical, avoid leaving cars, engines, or equipment standing closer
than 300 feet from the road crossing when there is an adjacent track.
When practical, a standing train or switching movement must avoid blocking a public crossing longer than __ _______.
10 minutes
Do not leave equipment standing where it will foul
equipment on adjacent tracks or cause injury to employees riding on the side of a car or engine.
To avoid injury or damage where engines may be working at both ends of a track or tracks,
crews switching must have a clear understanding of movements to be made.
Before coupling to or moving cars or engines, verify that the cars or engines are properly secured and can be coupled and moved safely.
secured and can be coupled and moved safely.
Make couplings at a speed of not more than _ ___. Stretch the slack to ensure that all couplings are made.
4 MPH
Do not depend on air brakes to hold a train, engine, or cars in place when left unattended. Apply a sufficient number of hand brakes to prevent movement. If hand brakes are not adequate,
block the wheels.
Before dropping cars, crew members must fully understand the intended movement.
Cars must not be dropped over spring switches, dual control switches or power assisted switches.
Before ________ to or moving cars on tracks where cars are being loaded or unloaded, crew members must be sure that all of the following have been removed or cleared:
coupling
Ensure that _________ and ______________ on cars are properly closed or secured. However, crew members must not attempt to close those doors. If plug door is found open enroute, car may continue in the train to the next location where mechanical forces are available to close door.
plug-type and swinging doors
When coupling passenger or outfit cars:
Stop the movement approximately 50 feet before the coupling is made.
Have an employee on the ground direct the coupling.
Ensure couplers are fully compressed and stretched to ensure knuckles are secure before making: Air connections, Steam connections & Electrical
Do not handle cars without charging the air brake system, unless the cars can be handled safely and stopped within the required distance. If necessary,
couple the air hoses and charge the brake systems on a sufficient number of cars to control movement.
When shoving cars into a spur track, control movement to prevent damage at the end of the track, and do the following:
Stop movement 150 feet from the end of the track.
Apply hand brakes, when necessary, to control slack.
Have a crew member precede any further movement when it can be done safely.
Move only on the crew member's signal.
True or False: The employee handling the switch or derail is responsible for the switch or derail in use.
True
The employee must not allow movement to foul a track
until all hand-operated switches connected with the movement are properly lined.
In the case of hand operated switches designed and permitted to be trailed through,
do not allow movement to foul a track until route is seen to be clear or the train has been granted movement authority.
Employee handling switches and derails must make sure:
The switches and derails are properly lined for the intended route and that no equipment is fouling the switches.
The points fit properly and the target, if so equipped, corresponds with the switch's position.
Employee handling switches and derails must make sure:
That the switch is not operated while equipment is fouling, standing on, or moving over the switch.
When the operating lever is equiped with a LATCH, they do not step on the latch to release the lever except when throwing the switch.
Employee handling switches and derails must make sure:
After locking a switch or derail, they test the lock to ensure it is secured.
When equipment has entered a track, the switch to that track will not be lined away until the equipment has passed the clearence point of the track.
The normal position of a main track switch is for main track movement, and it must be lined and locked in that position. At points where double track begins, the normal position of a spring switch is for movement
with the current of traffic.
However, the main track switch may be left open:
In CTC territory within track and time limits.
When attended by a crew member or switch tender.
During switching operations when it is certain that no other train or engine will pass over the switch.
For another train or engine when the switch is attended by a member of that crew. Within ABS limits when instructed by the train dispatcher at:
The entering switch of a siding in Rule 9.14 (Movement with the Current of Traffic) territory.
Either switch of a siding in Rule 16.1 (Authority to Enter DTC Limits) territory.
Within TWC territory when authorized by track warrant. Track warrant protection must be provided for this condition.
The switch must not be considered restored to normal position until the train dispatcher is
notified by an employee or train at that location. No authorities will be issued beyond the switch until an employee, at the switch, has reported the switch restored to normal position.
When an employee lines the switch to let a train enter or leave the main track, the employee: If unable to go to the opposite side of the track, the employee must stand at least 20 feet from the switch
stand.
must then go to the opposite side of the main track and not return to the switch stand until movement is complete.
If unable to go to the opposite side of the track, the employee must stand at least ___ ____ from the switch
stand.
20 feet
Do not return a main track switch to the normal position until
movement is clear of the main track.
An employee getting off moving equipment to return the main track switch to normal position must, when possible:
get off the equipment on the opposite side from the switch stand.
Except in switching movements, when a train or engine is approaching or passing on a main track, employees must not go nearer than __ ____ to any main track switch.
20 feet
When a train or engine that will be met or passed is on a siding or other track, the employee attending the switch must be in a safe location.
The employee must not be nearer than 150 feet, if possible, from the switch when the train is closely approaching and passing.
In non-signaled territory, if the expected train is not closely approaching, a crew member will inspect facing point, hand-operated switches the train will pass over to determine that the:
Switches are lined for the intended route.
Switch points fit properly.
Switch lever is secured.
When not in use, switches must be locked, hooked, or latched if so equipped. Before making movements in either direction over these switches, make sure the switch is latched or secured by placing the lock
or hook in the hasp.
However, when making train movements in facing point direction, lock the switches equipped with a lock.
Replace any missing or defective switch locks. If they cannot be replaced,
report the condition at once to the train dispatcher, yardmaster, or supervisor in charge, and spike the switch if possible.
True or False: A crew member tests the switch by lining the switch over and back by hand and examining the switch points to see that they fit properly.
True
Before a train or engine makes a facing point movement over a spring switch, the switch must be tested when any of the following conditions exist:
A block signal governing movement over the switch indicates: Stop. Stop and Proceed.
or
Restricted Proceed.
A switch point indicator protecting the switch indicates Stop and Inspect Switch.
or
The switch is not protected by a block signal or switch point indicator.
The switch does not need to be tested if it has been lined for the diverging route or written
instructions advise the crew that the spring switch has been spiked.
A train or engine trailing through and stopping on a spring switch must control the slack.
A crew member must line the switch by hand before the train or engine can change direction or take slack.
A train in non-signaled territory must approach the facing points of a spring switch prepared to stop until:
A switch point indicator shows that the switch is properly lined.
A distant signal displays clear.
Switch Point Indicator GREEN
Switch points fit in Normal position.
Switch Point Indicator Red or Dark
Stop and inspect switch.
The normal position of switches connecting any track, EXCEPT the main track, to a siding is
lined and locked or secured for movement on the siding.
The crossover switches must be left lined in normal position, except
when they are in use for crossover movements.
Both switches of a crossover shall be properly lined before equipment begins a crossover movement. A crossover movement shall be completed before either switch is restored to normal position, except
when one crew is using both tracks connected by the crossover during continuous switching operations.
When conflicting movement is closely approaching a switch, the track must not be fouled or the switch operated.
Except at a spring switch, trains must not foul a main track or signaled track or pass beyond an
insulated joint at the clearance point until the switch connected with the movement is properly lined.
Do not run through switches, other than
spring switches or variable switches. If a rigid type switch is run through, it is unsafe and must be protected by spiking the switch, unless a trackman or other employee takes charge.
Report a switch that is damaged or defective to the train dispatcher, yardmaster, or supervisor in charge.
Tag the switch, spike it if necessary, unless trackman or other employee takes charge. If the switch cannot be made safe, provide protection at once.
When viewed from the train, block and interlocking signals are generally to the
right of the track.
Signal with GREEN aspect
CLEAR
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Indication is Proceed
Signal with RED over GREEN aspect
DIVERGING CLEAR
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Indication is Proceed on the diverging route not exceeding prescribed speed through the turnout.
Signal with YELLOW over GREEN
APPROACH DIVERGING
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Proceed prepared to advance on diverging route at next signal not exceeding prescribed speed through turnout.
Signal with RED over FLASHING YELLOW
DIVERGING MEDIUM APPROACH
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Proceed reducing speed to 35 MPH before passing next signal, not exceeding speed through turnout.
Signal aspect showing YELLOW
APPROACH
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Proceed immediately reducing speed to 35 MPH, and be prepared to stop at next signal.
Signal aspect showing YELLOW over LUNAR
APPROACH RESTRICTING
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Proceed prepared to pass next signal at restricted speed.
Signal aspect showing RED over YELLOW
DIVERGING APPROACH
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Proceed immediately reducing speed to 35 MPH not exceeding prescribed speed through turnout, prepared to stopat next signal.
Signal aspect showing LUNAR or RED over Number Plate
RESTRICTING
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
Proceed at restricted speed. Do not exceed prescribed speed through turnout, if applicable.
Signal aspect showing ALL RED
STOP
Referring to the question above: What is the Indication?
STOP
Interlocking signals govern the use of interlocking routes. Where a track is signaled beyond the interlocking limits in the direction of movement,
the interlocking signal is also a block signal.
Except as shown in block, cab, and interlocking signal aspects in the special instructions, if a light is absent, _________ __________________________________________, regard a block or interlocking signal as displaying the most restrictive indication it can give. However, when the semaphore arm position is plainly seen, that aspect will govern.
a white light is displayed where a colored or lunar light should be, or additional colored or lunar
lights are displayed
When movement is being made beyond a block signal requiring a train to be prepared to stop at the next signal,
the stop must be made before any part of a train passes the block signal requiring the train to stop.
If a train overruns any block signal that requires it to stop, the crew must:
Warn other trains at once by radio.
Stop the train immediately.
Report it to the train dispatcher.
If a signal displaying a proceed indication changes to an indication requiring a train to stop, the train must
stop at once. Report such a signal change to the train dispatcher.
A train may comply with the next signal's indication when its aspect can be clearly seen and the signal governs the track where movement is occurring or will be made.
This does not apply when a rule or previous signal indication requires movement at restricted speed.
If a train has entered a block on a proceed indication that does not require restricted speed, and the train stops or its speed is reduced below 10 MPH, the train must:
ABS
Proceed at restricted speed. The train must maintain this speed until the next signal is visible, that
signal displays a proceed indication, and the track to that signal is clear.
CTC or Manual Interlocking Limits
Proceed prepared to stop at the next signal until the next signal is visible and that signal displays a
proceed indication.
ACS
Operate according to cab signal indication.
Approach to Automatic Interlocking: A train must proceed prepared to stop at the interlocking signal when:
Moving below 25 MPH and passing a signal that governs the approach to an automatic
interlocking.
or
Speed is reduced below 25 MPH after passing a signal that governs the approach to an automatic interlocking.
The train must continue to move prepared to stop at the interlocking signal until the train reaches a point approximately _____ ____ from that signal. If the interlocking signal then indicates proceed, the train may resume speed.
1,000 feet
When one of the following occurs, move at restricted speed until the leading wheels have passed the next governing signal or the end of the block system:
The train enters a block with no governing signal.
The previous signal indication is unknown.
A change of direction is made within a block.
When a train passes a signal requiring movement at restricted speed, the train must move at restricted speed until its leading wheels have passed the next
governing signal or the end of the block system.
At a signal displaying a Stop indication, if no conflicting movement is evident, the train will be governed as follows: A crew member must immediately contact the control operator, unless the train is:
Within track and time limits
or
Entering track and time limits from any point other than either end of track and time limits.
When the control operator has stopped a conflicting movement, he may then authorize another train to proceed in the same limits, advising both crews of
movement to be made. If the stopped movement is later permitted to proceed,
that train must move at restricted speed until its leading wheels have passed the next governing signal or the end of the block system.
Manual Interlockings: At a signal displaying a Stop indication, if no conflicting movement is evident, the train will be governed as follows:
A crew member must immediately contact the control operator.
The control operator may authorize the train to proceed using
hand signals or the following instructions, "After stopping, (train) at (location) has authority to pass signal displaying Stop
indication," specifying the route where applicable. The train must move at restricted speed.
If the signal governs movement over a drawbridge, a crew member must verify that
the bridge is in the proper position for the train to pass.
Automatic Interlockings: At a signal displaying a Stop indication,
the crew will be governed by instructions in the release
box, special instructions, or other instructions. After complying with the instructions that allow
the train to proceed, if signal continues to display a Stop indication, the train must move at
restricted speed. However, if there is a conflicting movement, the train must not proceed until
the movement has passed or stopped, and both crews agree on the next movement.
If the control operator cannot line the dual control switch to the desired position, or the control machine does not indicate that the switch is lined and locked, the control operator must
authorize movement past the Stop indication and instruct the employee to operate the switch by hand. Movement may then proceed to that switch.
Before passing over the switch, the train must stop and the employee must operate the switch by hand
as outlined in Rule 9.13.1 (Hand Operation of Dual Control Switches). After at least one unit or car has
passed over the switch points, the employee must return the switch to power unless otherwise instructed by the control operator.
To enter a track within manual interlocking or CTC limits, employees must not open the case door or unlock an electrically locked switch or derail
without track and time or authority from the control operator.
If the electric lock includes an emergency release, do not break the seal on the release or operate the release without permission from the control operator or train dispatcher. However, when communication has failed, the seal may be broken and/or the release operated:
To permit a train to leave the main track.
or
To permit a train that has authority to enter the main track. Train must not enter the main track until 5
minutes after the seal is broken and/or the release operated.
Notify the control operator or train dispatcher when the seal has been broken and/or the emergency
release operated.
Engines, cars, or equipment must not be detached and ____ ________ entirely between the opposing interlocking signals that govern movements at a railroad crossing at grade.
left standing
CTC limits are designated in the timetable. Sidings within CTC limits are controlled sidings and are governed by CTC rules. A train must not enter or occupy any track where CTC is in effect unless a
controlled signal displays a proceed indication or the control operator authorizes:
If a signal governs movement over a hand-operated switch that is not electrically locked, the control operator must
authorize the train to enter or occupy any track where CTC is in effect before the switch is
opened.
After the switch is opened, if the signal does not display a proceed indication, a crew member
must wait 5 minutes at the switch. After the 5 minute wait if the signal does not display a proceed
indication, move the train at restricted speed and notify the control operator.
Where CTC is in effect, a train must not clear in any track at a hand-operated switch not equipped with an electric switch lock, except under one of the following conditions:
Where the permanent maximum authorized speed does not exceed 20 MPH on the main track or
controlled siding.
Where the permanent maximum authorized speed does not exceed 30 MPH on a controlled siding not
equipped with an intermediate signal.
Where a signal governs movement to a track where CTC is in effect.
When the hand-operated switch is kept open.
The control operator may authorize a train to occupy a track or tracks within specified limits for a certain time period. Authority must include track designation, track limits, and either a time limit or the words "until
released".
The train may use the track in either direction within the specified limits according to signal indication until the limits are verbally released.
Limits designated by a switch extend only to the signal governing movement
over the switch unless otherwise designated.
Except at interlockings, trains granted track and time: After stopping at a signal displaying a Stop indication, must be granted verbal authority to enter the limits at either end.
Verbal authority is not required after stopping within the limits or when entering the limits at any other location. Train must move at restricted speed.
Must observe the requirements for inspection of spring switches.
May pass a signal within the limits displaying Stop and Proceed indication without stopping.
Trains must release track and time
before the time granted expires.
If the employee cannot contact the control operator and the time limit expires,
authority is extended until the control operator is contacted.
If no other employee has received track and time within the same limits, a train may
release track and time to move in a specified direction.
When operating within the limits of track & time, employees
can operate dual control switches by hand without permission from the dispatcher.
Before track and time is granted where limits will be jointly occupied, the control operator must issue joint track and time to all trains, machines, track cars, or employees within the same limits or that will enter the limits.
Trains must move at restricted speed within joint track and time
limits.
Track warrant limits must be designated by specifying track, where required, and specific locations such as
switches, mile posts, or railroad identifiable points.
A track warrant authorizes a train or engine to occupy the main track within designated limits. However, the train or engine must not foul a switch at either end of the limits where an opposing train may use the
same switch to clear the main track.
not foul a switch at either end of the limits where an opposing train may use the same switch to clear the main track.
Proceed from one point to another in the direction the track warrant specifies. When a crew member informs the train dispatcher that the entire train has passed a specific point, track warrant authority is considered void up to that point.
track warrant authority is considered void up to that point.
Employees must not add to or alter the track warrant in any manner, except as specified by Rule 15.1.1 (Changing Address of Track Warrants or Track Bulletins).
______________________________________________________________________
When a track warrant of a previous date is voided, the date must be included. The previous track warrant will no longer be in effect.
When the limits or instructions of a track warrant must be changed, a new track warrant must be issued showing, "Track Warrant No. ___________ is void" and the number of the track warrant being changed.
Track bulletins will contain information on all conditions that
affect safe train or engine movement.
The conductor and engineer must receive a track warrant
at their initial station unless otherwise instructed by the train dispatcher.
The conductor and engineer must have copies of all track bulletins listed and other instructions required.
Each crew member must read and understand them.
True or False: If address is correct, it will NOT be required to contact train dispatcher toverify track bulletins.
True
If the address must be changed on a track warrant used to deliver track bulletins only or a track bulletin that does not grant authority according to Rule 15.3 (Authorizing Movement Against
the Current of Traffic),
the train dispatcher may verbally change the train symbol, engine identification, direction, or date.
A train must not enter the limits unless instructed by the employee in charge. A train within the limits at the time the track bulletin Form B takes effect must not make further movement until instructed by the
employee in charge.
A crew member must attempt to contact the employee in charge of a track bulletin Form B to avoid delay, giving the train's location and track being used.
Once instructions are received from employee in charge, if the track route changes from previous instructions received,
contact employee in charge to determine that original instructions received
are valid on new track route before proceeding on the new route. The movement must not change direction without permission from the employee in charge.
The conductor and the engineer must each have a copy of the track bulletins issued to their train,
and each crew member must read and understand them. The copy must show the date, location, and name of the employee who copied it.
When directed by the train dispatcher, track bulletins may be retained for use during the next tour of duty.
Before initiating movement on the main track on the next tour of duty, a crew member must verify from thetrain dispatcher that no additional track bulletins are needed.
When a conductor, engineer, or both are relieved before a trip is finished, they must contact the train dispatcher and comply with instructions concerning the handling of their track warrants, track bulletins, and other instructions.
When crew members are called to relieve a train at other than the initial station, crew members must
contact the train dispatcher before leaving the initial station and determine if any track warrants, track
bulletins, or other instructions must be obtained.
Employee must repeat the information to the train dispatcher.
If correct, the word "VOID" will be entered to indicate that portion is no longer in effect.