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20 terms

Mesopotamia Review

STUDY
PLAY
Zagros Mountains
mountains north of Mesopotamia
Syrian Desert
desert south of Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
fertile land between the Tigris and Euphrates river where Mesopotamian civilizations developed
myth
a story, usually about the gods, that explains a group's beliefs
polytheism
belief in many gods/goddesses
cuneiform
system of writing in Mesopotamia
caravan
group of traders travelling together
bazaar
a market selling different kinds of goods
Hammurabi
king of ancient Babylon known for his strict law code
scribe
people who were paid well to write for a living
ziggurats
step pyramid temples where people went to worship the gods
Babylonian Achievements
system of roads, law code, city walls, math, astronomy
Assyrian Achievements
skilled warriors, chariots, battering ram
Mesopotamia
land between the rivers, also known as Fertile Crescent
Hammurabi's Law Code
first written law code
Mesopotamian city-states
always fighting over land, wealth, and power
city-state
a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state with own ruler, laws, and gods
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
dangerous, unpredictable floods provided water for irrigating crops and materials for building
Specialization of Labor
Food surpluses allowed people to become skilled at many different jobs instead of everyone hunting and gathering food
GIlgamesh
Mythological king of Uruk that befriend Enkidu and went on many adventures with him