Terms in this set (27)
the grammatical arrangement of words within a sentence
the meaning of words and sentences
the systematic use of sound in the generation of language
relates to the implicit social rules involved in language
Semantics (meaning) ) and Syntax (structure) are independent of one another
Different words can have the same meaning, same words can have different meanings
Syntactic Structures (Chromsky, 1959)
Chomsky perceived a deep shared structure between different languages. Two pieces of evidence speak to this: children misapply rules ("I goed to the park") and create new sentences ("Daddy, I hate you!")
Verbal Behavior (Skinner, 1938)
Language, such like anything else they talk about in Psychology, according to the Behaviorists is just a matter reinforcing language-like utterances and not reinforcing (or indeed punishing) non-language
If High N400
then semantic not syntax
If high P600
then yes syntax. The brain detects syntax error.
Emotional Strop Effect
For a spider phobic, spider-related words capture attention leading to slower responding. But...emotional words tend to be longer and less common than unemotional words. But...it is really attentional captures or momentary emotional distress
A claim that contradicts what we already know must have a lot of evidence to back it up
Claims must be capable of being disapproved
If two hypotheses explain a phenomenon equally well, select the simpler one
findings must be capable of being duplicated following the same methodology
Findings consistent with several hypotheses need research to rule certain ones out
Correlation Vs Causation
an association between two things does not imply a cause and effect relationship
are our basic building blocks of language. English has about 40-50, Hawaiian language has 11
Phonemic Restoration Effect (Warren, 1970)
is where by phoneme missing due to communication drop out are reinstated as a result of expectations (i.e., **king penguins).
Also known as the 'linguistic relativity hypothesis', the idea that the way we perceive the world is determined by natural language.
The view that the nature of the human conceptual system is, in a sense, given by the external world and it should be considered independently from the language that is used to describe it.
Doctrine of Linguistic Determinism
is the idea that language and its structures limit and determine human knowledge or thought.
the specific object or act that a word points to or refers to
All images (positive, negative, or neutral) that are associated with any given denotation
asses the cultural connotations of a word. Words are judged on Evaluation, Potency, and Acitvity
Connotation without denotation. "I plan to use all available resources to create a wide range solution to this problem that has plagued us for years"
Singular syntax with multiple semantic interpretations. "Red tape holds up new bridges" "Drought turns Coytes to Watermelons" "Watch the border"
Intention deception or distortions (inc. euphemism). "I am feeling motivationally dispossessed" "he's under a lot of stree" "Enhanced interrogation techniques" "Wardrope malfunction"
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