21 terms

Essay Writing Terms

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Title
The name of your essay; should capture your audience's interest.
Introduction
The first paragraph of an essay; includes grabber, focus statement thesis statement.
Grabber
The first sentence of an essay; should grab the reader's attention; can be a question, exclamation, powerful statement, or a well known quote or saying.
Focus Statement
The topic or subject of your essay in complete sentence form; must be written in the form of a statement.
Thesis Statement
Your position/opinion on the topic; the point you want to make in your essay; must be written in the form of a statement.
Thesis Support
A brief phrase that supports your thesis; used in the planning stages; eventually becomes the topic sentences for body paragraphs.
Topic Sentence
Thesis support in sentence form; the first sentence of a body paragraph; introduces the focus of the body paragraph.
Body Paragraph
A paragraph of support for the thesis; must have topic sentence and details and/or examples.
Details
Examples, facts, statistics, sensory details, incidents, and anecdotes that support the topic sentence of a body paragraph.
Conclusion
The last paragraph of an essay; includes a modified thesis, modified focus and a challenge to the reader.
Modified Focus
A restated focus statement in the concluding paragraph; should remind your reader of the original topic.
Modified Thesis
A restated thesis statement; should remind readers of your position/opinion on the topic.
Challenge
An interesting question, quotation, vivid image, call for action, warning or suggestion to the reader; leaves the reader thinking about your essay.
Bridge
A transition word, phrase or sentence connecting paragraphs; designed to help essay flow smoothly.
Audience
The reader of your essay
Formality
Determined by the audience, the level by which you choose your words for an essay.
Tone
The "attitude" of the essay; word choice and word arrangement determine the tone.
Purpose
The reason you are writing you essay (to express yourself, to inform you readers, to entertain, to describe, to analyze, etc.)
Organization
The order in which your paragraphs and/or details are arranged.
Diction
The specific words and phrases you choose in your writing; includes how you arrange those words for maximum impact.
Flow
The efficiency of an essay; good flow means that the essay is easy to read and paragraphs and ideas are well-connected.