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Cell Membrane

thin flexible barrier that regulates what enteres or leaves a cell and provides protection and support, a thin membrane around the cytoplasm of a cell

Cell Wall

porous, and lies outside the cell membrane it provides support and protection for the cell, in plants, algae, and bacteria


jellylike material that holds the cell together


contains all the cell's DNA with it coded instructions for making proteins and other important molecules

Nuclear envelope

composed of 2 membranes and is doted with thousadns of pores that allow material to move in and out of the nucleus


threadlike structures that contain the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next


DNA bound to protein that forms chromosomes


assembly of ribosomes begin


produce proteins by following coded instructions that come from the nucleus

Endoplasmic reticulum

lipid components of the cell membrane are assembled, along with proteins and other materials that are exported from the cell

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

produces membrane lipids, and detoxification of drugs

Rough endoplasmic reticulum

produces large amounts of protein for export

Golgi apparatus

modify, sort, and package proteins and other molecules from the endoplasmic reticulum for storage in the cell or secretion outside the cell


digestion or breakdown of lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins into small molecules that can be used by the rest of the cell


saclike structures that store materials such as water, salts ,proteins, and carbohydrates


contain an outer and inner membrane and convert chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convinient for the cell to use


green structures that capture energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical energy in a process called photosynthesis


threadlike structures made of a protein called actin and they form extensive networks in some cells and produce a tough, flexible framework that supports the cell


hollow structures made up of proteins known as tubulins

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