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35 terms

AP Psychology Unit 6 Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
a fixed-ratio schedule of reinforcement is one in which a response is only reinforced after a
specified number of responses have been made
in Pavlov's experiment with the dogs the US was
the presentation of food
on Monday Johnny's mother gave him cookies after ten minutes of quiet play time, the next day 20 minutes before cookie, and then 30 minutes of quiet play time before the cookie was given... this method is teaching Johnny through...
shaping
to teach an animal to perform a complex sequence of behaviors, animal trainers are most likely using a procedure known as
shaping
your heart may race when confronted by a lion but not when approached by a kitten this is because of
discrimination
rats easily learn to associate nausea producing radiation treatments with
novel tastes
after repeatedly taking alcohol spiked with a nausea producing drug, people with alcohol dependence may fail to develop an aversive reaction to alcohol because they blame their nausea on the drug. This illustrates the importance of ------- in classical conditioning
cognitive processes
a learned association between two stimuli is
classical conditioning
tennis instructions
shaping
5 yr old Trevor is emotionally disturbed. to get him to speak his teacher gives him candy for every word, then every few words, then every sentence. she is using the process of
shaping
shaping is a ---- procedure
operant conditioning
months after she was raped, Courtney's heart pounds when she sees the place she was attacked. the location of her attack is most likely the ----- for her anxiety
conditioned stimulus
the last time you went out you came home past curfew and were grounded for two weeks. Now you are very sure to come home on time. this is best explained by
operant conditioning
purchasing a lottery ticket is on a ----- schedule
variable ratio
which of the following behaviors is reinforced on a variable- ratio schedule?
inserting coins into a slot machine
In Pavlov's experiment the dogs salivation triggered by the sound of the tone is the
CR
according to B. F Skinner human behavior is controlled primarily by
external influences
neuroscientists have discovered mirror nuerons in the
frontal lobe adjacent to the motor cortex
in Pavlov's experiment, the sound of the tone is the
CS
to modify your own behavior in operant conditioning
monitor and record
classical conditioning includes
events that you cannot control
pre school kids kick Bobo doll because they saw adults do it
observational learning
evidence that the CR is not completely eliminated during extinction is
spontaneous recovery
type of conditioning that acts on reward (candy)
operant
door closed, employees work harder when open...
fixed interval
mirror nuerons
observational learning
latent learning
cognitive processing
10 yr old Karen watches violent movies and is more likely to
have less distress when seeing real children fight on the playground
rats have mental representations of a maze
cognitive map
child punished for swearing at home but encouraged by friends
discrimination
spanking is
positive punishment
time out
negative punishment
reinforcement
increases behavior
punishment
decreases behavior
can opener situation: the child's salivation when seeing the can opener is a
conditioned response