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Coup D'etat vs Revolution
Terms in this set (18)
What is a Coup D'etat?
a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government using the military. Can be violent or not violent, usually inside the government.
literally meaning of Coup D'etat?
"stroke of state" or "blow against the state"
What is a revolution?
fundamental change in political power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time when the population rises up in revolt against the current authorities. A mass of people.
What is the difference between a Coup and a Revolution?
A coup uses the military force against the government that can overthrow it through inside forces, while a revolution is the mass of the people trying to overthrow the government.
Who lead the event?
Members of the elite, the samurai, who spearheaded the attack on the old order.
Japan was said to be undergoing what in the nineteenth century?
"revolution from above" or an "aristocrat revolution"
The negative side
-Samurai weaknesses and strengths
-Essentially salaried employies
-Although they were hereditary status, it was less rooted
-Less to lose than elites in society
What pressed the samurai to rebel?
they wer ehard pressed to protect their privilage as hereditary government employees once the new ruler revoked it
The positive side
-Many of the activists had developed a commitment to serving and building a realm that went beyond the narrow confines of a single domain
What did the emerging national consciousness offer?
A compelling reason for many to accept programs of far-reaching change
What were the intentions of toppling the Tokugawa bakufu?
Restore the power of the emperor
What motivated the Meiji revolutionaries?
Fear of challenges of foreign encroachment.
The impact of the new treaty-port trade
Massive amounts of gold were bought and sold to china for tripple the purchase price. The Bokufu had to adjust the gold to make in up to world standards. Imports taxes were lightly taxed, inexpensive foreign goods, especially finished cotton. This helped consumers but drove many Japanese producers out of business.
the treaty-port trade caysed
violent protests from consumers and producers. Food riots in Edo and Osaka. Similar protests hit smaller towns and villages in regions surrounding each city. Six thousand farmers and silk producers embarked on a week long campaign of violent protest.
The triple threat of the Tokugawa bakufu:
Foreign powers, restive daimyo, and hot-headed samurai. He responded with inconsistent policies.Wanted to strengthen the bakufu and share as little power as possible. Tried to revive the traditional Tokugawa dictatorship.
Who tried to revive the traditional Tokugawa dictatorship and what did he do?
Ii Naosuke. He went ahead with imperial approval tos ign the harris treaties in July 1858. Appointed a weak child-candidate as shogun. Forced several reformists to resigbm executed and imprisoned sixty-nine anti-bakufu samurai activists.
Was Ii Naosuke successful?
No. He was seen as a hateful tyrant. Was assassinated by Mito loyalists. Lead to strong calls to reform.
What else lead to the revolution?
The Bakufu revival, the satsuma-choshu insurgancy, and domestic unrest.