60 terms

History Ch. 15

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Which was the chief means of social and political organization in African stateless societies
lineage groups
what did africans mainly provide in the trade between east africa and asia
raw materials
the swahili language developed from a mixture of what languages
arabic and bantu languages
what did portugal's initial interest in africa mostly seem to concern
trade
the original almohads and almoravids were both part of which group
muslim reformers
which places did not play an important role in the african trade between 800 and 1500
russia
how did the rulers of ghana grow rich
by taxing the goods traders carried through their territory
who was malis first great leader
sundiata
what people broke away from mali's empire and gained control of the all-important trade routes
the songhai
what city controlled trade routes and was the economic, political, and religious center of an empire
great zimbabwe
what was the southern most african city on the sea trade route
sofala
how many costal cities connected directly with overland trading routes
3
what waterway did traders cross to get from calicut, india, to zeila, africa
arabian sea and gulf of aden
which direction to the winds of the summer monsoon blow
northeast
how many arabian cities traded with east africa
4
which was the first society to grow wealthy through trade
ghana
which society existed for the longest amount of time
igbo people
which two societies had a similar organization based on religion
almoravids and almohads
how was kilwa different from most societies that grew wealthy through trade
it was a city-state
what was the source of great zimbabwe's wealth
trade
what were some of the most important ways in which west africa and east africa were affected by the growth in trade and commerce that took place between 800 and 1500 LONG
most important trade: gold and salt
most important trading partners: arabs and berbers
traded north and south
taxed traders
trade spread ideas, culture, and language
what purposes do lineage groups and age-set systems serve in stateless societies LONG
groups organize and govern society
meant to resolve conflicts
age-set system encourages young people to form close-ties to individuals outside their lineage
teaches community services and leadership skills
the almohads created a muslim state that became the first government to unify the SAVANNA
maghrib
in the 1320s, the value of SALT fell in egypt because mansa musa gave so much of it away while on a hajj to mecca
gold
kingdoms and empires along the trade routes by COLLECTING TAXES FROM TRADERS
true
african trade in enslaved persons increased dramatically when EUROPEANS developed colonial plantations in the 1700s
true
in the 1400s, the SHONA people broke away from mali rule and gained control of the all important trade routes
songhai
KILWA was the southernmost city in africa that a ship from india could reach during a single monsoon season
true
the southeastern african society of BENIN was surrounded by the great enclosure and controlled trade in the area for centuries before being abandoned about 1450
great zimbabwe
stateless societies did not have centralized power but were balanced BY ISLAMIC LAW
amoung lineages
while islam spread through north africa by conquest, south of the sahara, islam spread through TEACHINGS AT UNIVERSITIES
trade
members of a MATRILINEAL SOCIETY trace their ancestors through thier mothers and inheritances pass from the mother's family to the mother's son
true
in which direction would a trader be sailing if he were relying on the winter monsoon
southwest
approximately how many miles would the trip be if a trader sailed from dhofar, arabia to malindi, africa
1200 miles
which cities were on the trading route from calicut, india to kilwa, africa
mogadishu, malindi, and mombasa
which two trading cities were the closest to each other
malindi and mombasa
how many trading routes went through the rainforest
1
which society was able to prevent an attempted conquest
mutapa empire
which society did not base its economy on trade
igbo people
which west african empire existed for the longest amount of time
ghana
which society conquered the one that came before it
songhai conquered mali
what was the most common form of political organization in these african societies
empire
what was great zimbabwe and what led to its fall. what is great zimbabwe's relationship to the mutapa empire LONG
the land was great for farming and cattle
it was on a trade route
it was the religious, political, and economic center of its empire
it was abandoned around 1450 possibly for lack of natural resources, such as soil and timber
mutota left great zimbabwe and found a place with better resources and called it the mutapa empire.
how was the trade that occurred along africa's east coast similar to or different from the trade that occurred in west africa LONG
west african trade routes were across the sahara
east african trade routes were across the indian ocean
both cities benefited greatly because of their placement on the trade route and taxes
both sold gold
why did the african trade routes shift to the east several times
gold deposits were found further east
between 500 and 1500 which of the following was found in the maghrib
muslim state
why did kilwa seize the port of sofala
to control the overseas trade of gold from southern africa
in the stateless societies of africa, how were the conflicts most commonly settled
through discussion and negotiation
why did the hausa city-states never build an empire
there was frequent fighting amound the city-states
what is one way sundiata helped the mali empire grow powerful and wealthy
he promoted agriculture and reestablished the gold-salt trade
how did islam spread through africa
it spread by conquest and through trade
how did the empires in the sahel grow strong
by controlling and taxing trade
which best describes the portuguese attitude toward the mutapa empire
meddlesome
which society did not have a formally organized government
igbo
what was the connection between the songhai and mali
songhai conquered mali and took control of trade routes
how were the mutapa empire and the great zimbabwe empire connected
a man from great zimbabwe founded the mutapa empire
which would not be an accurate conclusion to draw from this chart
almost all africans lived in simple farming villages before 1500
how were the west african empires similar
they were all wealthy because of trade
how did islam spread through africa and what was its influence LONG
north, conquest
south, trade
changed the political aspects of the african societies
many leaders converted to islam
encouraged spread of literacy
many important people were muslim
what might account for the fact that many african empires, including mali and songhai, remained wealthy and powerful for less than 200 years LONG
overly dependent on trade routes, when trade moved their empire weakened, gold found in other places, causing other empires to gain wealth
also weak leaders
other empires had stronger weapons to conquer their empire