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51 terms

Lab 3: Tissues Terms

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Name three primary tissue types that exhibit cellularity
Epithelial, nervous, connective
Name the tissue type described:
Cells contain processes that receive and generate electrical signals to communicate with other cells
Nervous tissue
Name the tissue type described:
Tissue has elongated cells that shorten and cause movement
muscle
Name the tissue type described:
Tissue contains more extracellular matrix than cells
Connective tissue
Name the tissue type described:
Cells either form a barrier that controlls passage of molecules or forms glands
Epithelial tissue
Name the tissue types described:
Cells determine function
Epithelial
Connective
Muscle tissue
Name the tissue type described:
The extracellular matrix determines function
Connective tissue
Name the specific tissue type described:
lines the mouth and protects underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasion
stratified squamous
Name the specific tissue type described:
located in the alveoli and provides a short distance for the diffusion of oxygen and carbon dioxide
simple squamous
Name the specific tissue type described:
forms kidney tubules and is inolved in absorption and secretion
simple cuboidal
Name the specific tissue type described:
Lines the nasal cavities and moves substances over the epithelial surfaces
ciliated pseudostratified columnar
Name the specific tissue type described:
forms the mesothelium of the peritoneum and secretes serous fluid into the peritoneal cavity
simple squamous
Name the specific tissue type described:
lines the stomach and its microvilli; increases surface area for absorption and secretion
nonciliated simple columnar
Name the specific tissue type described:
Lines the bladder and ureter and is distensible
transitional
Name the specific tissue type described:
contains elastic fibers and is found in the lungs.
This tissue allows lungs to inflate during inhalation and return to their original shape after exhaling
elastic connective tissue
Name the specific tissue type described:
Packed with parallel bundles of collagen fibers and found in tendons. This tissue resists pulling forces applied by muscles
dense regular connective tissue
Name the specific tissue type described:
Has firm, gelatinous ground substance containing collagen fibers.
Found in tracheal wall to support and prevent it from collapsing
hyaline cartilage
Name the specific tissue type described:
found under covering and lining epithelium. Its extracellualr matrix contains a loose arrangement of fibers and its viscous ground substance facilitates the flow of interstitial fluid containing nutrients to epithelial tissues. it also cushions and supports epithelia.
areolar connective
Name the specific tissue type described:
contains many elastic fibers in a firm gelatinous ground substance. located in external ear, auditory tube and epiglottis
elastic cartilage
Name the specific tissue type described:
hard extracellular matrix forms trabeculae
bone
Name the specific tissue type described:
forms a framework in the spleen, bone marrow, and lymph nodes. It contains fine, branching fibers
reticular connective
Name the specific tissue type described:
Is packed with bundles of collagen fibers running in different directions. Itis found in skin and allows skin to resist pulling forces from many different directions
dense irregular connective tissue
Name the specific tissue type described:
Fluid extracellular matrix used to txp substances throughout the body
blood
Name the specific tissue type described:
contains a large number of lipid-storing cells. Found throughout the body, cushions and insulates organs and stores lipids for future energy needs
adipose tissue
Name the specific tissue type described:
hard extracellular matrix containing osteons; involved in protection and support
bone
Name the specific tissue type described:
Firm gelatinous ground substance packed with bundles of collagen fibers. This is found in intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis, and knee meniscus
fibrocartilage
Fibroblasts produce extracellular matrix for these 6 connective tissue types
dense reg, dense irreg, elastic connective, areolar, reticular, adipose
osteoblasts produce ecm for these types of connective tissue
bone
cartilage?
Chrondoblasts produce ecm for these tissue types
elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage, hyaline cartilage
Name the specific tissue type described:
Fibers not present unless injury occurs. ECM not produced by cells present in this tissue
blood
Name the specific tissue type described:
responsible for movement of urine through the urinary tract
smooth muscle
Name the specific tissue type described:
Responsible for movement of bone and/or skin
skeletal muscle
Name the specific tissue type described:
Responsible for movement of blood through the heart and into arteries
Cardiac muscle
Name the specific tissue type described:
receives and sends info
nervous tissue
Name the specific tissue type described:
controls blood flow thorugh arteries and veins and controls blood pressure
smooth muscle
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: simple squamous epithelium
air sacs of lungs
kidney (capsule part)
inner surface of ear drum

never found in areas that are subject to mechanical wear and tear


In the ENDOTHELIUM, which lines the cardiovascular system and lymphatic system

In the MESOTHELIUM which is composed of an epithelial layer of serous membranes such as peritonium/pleura/pericardium
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: Simple Cuboidal
ovary
anterior surface of eye lens
surface of retna
lining kidney tubules
lining smaller ducts of glads
some secreting parts of glands

thyroid gland/pancreas
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: nonciliated columnar epithelium
lines gastrointestinal tract (stomach to anus)
ducts of many glands
gall bladder
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: ciliated columnar epithelium
lines some bronchioles
uterine/fallopian tubes
uterus
some paranasal sinuses
central canal of spinal cord
ventricles of brain
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: Ciliated pseudostratified columnar
lines upper respiratory tract
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: nonciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium
lines ducts of glands, epididymous, male urethra
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: stratified squamous epithelium
keratinized= in epidermis
non keratinized = lines wet surfaces such as mouth, esophogus, part of epiglottis, part of pharynx
vagina
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: transitional epithelium
lines urinary bladder
lines portions of ureters/urethra
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: Areolar
in/around most body structures
hypodermis
mucous membranes
around blood vessels/organs
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: adipose tissue
around heart,
kidneys
subcutaneous layer of skin
yellow bone marrow
pad around joint (fat pad)
behind your eyeball
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: Reticular connective tissue
around liver, spleen, lymph nodes
(i.e. wherever you need to filter)
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: dense regular connective tissue
tendons, ligaments, aponeuroses (attach muscle to muscle)
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: dense irregular connective tissue
fascia, dermis,fibrous capsules of organs/joints, heart valve
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: elastic connective tissue
aorta
walls of elastic arteries
lung tissue
trachea
bronchial tubes
ligaments between vertabrae
Give an example of where you would find the three different types of carilage
hyaline:
end of longbones, anterior ends of ribs, nose, trachea, larynx, bronchi, developing fetal bone

fibrocartilage:
intervertebral discs, pubic symphysis, menisci of knee

elastic cartilage:
ear auricles, epiglotis of larynx, auditory canals
Give an example of where you would find this type of tissue: blood
in blood vessels/heart chambesr